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  1. Role of Negotiations during Wartime By: Saman Chaudhry. BSP-014
  2. Role of Negotiations • Tool to help country being attacked. • Negotiations made the fighting last longer, but made it less intense. • Helps the country being attacked to eventually win. • Negotiations can create short breaks in fighting. • Chance to become stronger and fight back. • Negotiations can be used to prolong fighting, reduce military pressure, and even reverse the outcomes of battles. 2
  3. Different type of Negotiations 3
  4. Different types of Negotiations Sincere Negotiations • A genuine desire on the part of all parties. • To identify common ground. • Compromises are made. • Setting personal biases aside. • Requires good faith bargaining. • Effective communication skills. • Requires sense of trust. • Commitment to mutual respect. Instrumental Negotiations • Agreement just to gather intelligence, to gain time to regroup or rearm. • “Negotiating for effect” • Negotiations to stall for time. • Or to create propaganda, or gain tactical advantages on the battlefield • Delaying the conflict to regroup. • Reduce the costs of war. 4
  5. Different types of Negotiations 5 Talking for Time • By pretending to be interested in diplomacy, parties can slow down their opponent in order to obtain a more favourable outcome for themselves. • When a belligerent is losing on the battlefield, they may see negotiations as a way to avoid further losses. Potential Shortcomings There are many potential shortcomings that can arise during war. It could be • lack of resources, • Communication breakdowns, • Moral dilemma, • Trauma and mental health issues, • War crimes and human rights violations, • Strategic miscalculations.
  6. Different types of Negotiations The First-Mover Advantage • First mover advantage in war refers to the strategic advantage gained by the side that initiates military action or makes the first move in a conflict. Potential benefits: • Surprise, • Initiative, • Resource allocation, • Psychological advantage Reasons to Risk Negotiation • Wars are often costly and destructive, and that pursuing a peaceful resolution may ultimately be the best Some worthy reasons could be • Peaceful resolution, • Building relationship, • Managing conflict, • Public opinion, • International pressure 6
  7. Overview • Wartime negotiations can take on many different forms and are often complex and challenging. They can involve a range of issues, such as the terms of surrender, prisoner exchanges, armistice agreements, and the resolution of disputes between warring parties. 7
  8. Key factors to consider when negotiating during wartime 8 Balance of Power Goals and Objectives Timing Communication Mediation Building Trust Flexibility Endgame
  9. 9 The End