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TCI2013 The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0

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TCI2013 The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0

  1. 1. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0 Örjan Sölvell & Göran Lindqvist Cluster Evaluation 5 September 2013
  2. 2. The Cluster Initiative Greenbook 2.0 Örjan Sölvell Göran Lindqvist Stockholm School of Economics
  3. 3. The Cluster Commons 3
  4. 4. 4 Six main conclusions
  5. 5. 5 The key task is to build bridges
  6. 6. 6 Firms Research organisations Education organisations Government Capital providers
  7. 7. Barriers to collaboration 7 Poor knowledge Sparse networks Different “languages” Different norms and attitudes Different visions Low trust Negative incentives
  8. 8. 8 Firms Education organisations Government Research organisations Capital providers
  9. 9. 9 Firms Research organisations Education organisations Government Capital providers
  10. 10. 10 Global markets Other clusters
  11. 11. 11 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Among firms in the cluster Firms and research institutions Firms and educational institutions Firms and public organisations With other cluster organisations With global markets Firms and financial institutions High priority Medium priority Low priority Not done priority contactsCollaboration:
  12. 12. 12 Communication intensity incoming emails to a cluster organisation
  13. 13. 13 Build from strength
  14. 14. 14
  15. 15. 15 Bringing people together is easer if you are neutral
  16. 16. 16 Membership fees Sales of services National public Regional / local public International public Other Mixed funding sources of revenues
  17. 17. 17 Private sector Public sector Academia Financial inst. Non-profit Mixed governance board composition
  18. 18. 18 Long-term public commitment helps
  19. 19. 19 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Sources of funding over time Cluster organisation age: 0-4 yrs 5-9 yrs 10+ yrs
  20. 20. 20 You need a cluster manager who can build and walk bridges
  21. 21. 21 Cluster manager’s background Previous work experience 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Private sector Academia Public sector Non-profit Financial inst. Experience: 0-1 yrs 2-9 yrs 10+ yrs
  22. 22. 22 Begin with the low- hanging fruit
  23. 23. 23 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% Identity and brand Strategy and vision Innovation and R&D Business environment Growth and investment HR uppgrading Export promotion Value chain development HR supply Joint purchasing High prio Mid prio Low prio Not done Objectives
  24. 24. 24 Building the cluster commons

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