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Barcelona's new bus network

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Presentation given to the CIVITAS Study Tour, Nantes, February 2015.
Barcelona is completely renewing surface passenger transport. Find out about the new way to get around the city on the bus http://www.tmb.cat/en/nova-xarxa-de-bus

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Barcelona's new bus network

  1. 1. Barcelona’s New Bus Network Josep Mension Director Central Services & Deputy Chief Officer of TMB Bus Network Rethinking Bus Network Design & Operation CIVITAS Study Tour, Nantes, 24th February 2015 0
  2. 2. Contents 1 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  3. 3. Background 2 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  4. 4. Background 3Barcelona’s New Bus Network 101,00 km2 1.620.943 inhabitants 15.985 inhab./km2 Barcelona ThecityofBarcelona
  5. 5. Background 4 Dimension of TMB Bus division: • 650,000 trips/weekday • 200 million trips/year • 1,165 buses • 4 depots • More than 4,000 employees Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  6. 6. Background 5 The former BCN Bus network was highly-valued, but: 1. Good links only from the city centre to the outskirts 2. Too many redundant routes, which leads to a less efficient system 3. The only way to increase patronage is adding more resources 4. No significant changes -concerning its layout- have been made since the establishment of an Integrated Fare System in the BCN Met Region (2001) Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  7. 7. The Goals 6 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  8. 8. The Goals 7 For the Citizens Easier to understand More Connectivity (Effectiveness) Without more resources (Efficiency) New Bus Network Barcelona’s New Bus Network A Project of a new Network…
  9. 9. The New Bus Network 8 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  10. 10. The New Bus Network 9 • Horizontal & Vertical Routes • Diagonal Routes • Urban Routes • Interurban Routes • Local Bus of the Neighbourhood • Feeder routes • ORTHOGONAL & DIAGONAL GRID NETWORK • CONVENTIONAL RADIAL NETWORK • LOCAL & FEEDER NETWORK Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  11. 11. The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes 10 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  12. 12. 11 The new Orthogonal & Diagonal Grid Network: a hybrid model, based on: 1. The Orthogonal Route Model 2. The “RetBus” Model + 1 2 The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  13. 13. 12 1.- The Orthogonal Route Model The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • Is an isotropic route model (same features all around). • Is a shape-demand model. It defines one corridor next to the other without taking into account the demand, which is expected to be reorganized and to be readapted to the new routes. • 4-minute headway on every corridor. • Average distance between stops: 400 m. • Instant implementation: from one day to the next. • Priority measures: more bus lane stretches. Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  14. 14. 13 1.- The Orthogonal Route Model The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  15. 15. 14 2.- The “RetBus” Model The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Basic configuration of the hybrid network and variables Grid hub & spokes Complete Semi-alternate Alternate Model b B a A S Methodology Supply Analysis Se ng up the model: hub (grid) & spoke (next slide) Op miza on Min {Z(a, s, H)} → ac*, sc*, Hc* Demand Analysis Hybrid network “serve demand”; op mized parameters: a*, s*, H* Z, Func on sum of user & operator costs • a=(a/A), size of central grid • s, distance between stops • H, headway Sensi vity analysis s H a • A group of 12 high level of service routes that follow a hybrid hub (grid) & spokes model. • It’s a serve-demand model • Different headways are set: 3-minute HW in the grid zone and 6-minute HW in the antennas. • Different average between stops: 430 m in the city centre and 650 m in the outskirts. • Diverse priority measures on each corridor: signal priority, new bus lane stretches, etc. • Gradual implementation. Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  16. 16. 15 2.- The “RetBus” Model The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Basic configuration of the hybrid network and variables Grid hub & spokes Complete Semi-alternate Alternate Model b B a A S Methodology Supply Analysis Se ng up the model: hub (grid) & spoke (next slide) Op miza on Min {Z(a, s, H)} → ac*, sc*, Hc* Demand Analysis Hybrid network “serve demand”; op mized parameters: a*, s*, H* Z, Func on sum of user & operator costs • a=(a/A), size of central grid • s, distance between stops • H, headway Sensi vity analysis s H a Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  17. 17. 16 Main features: 1. Maximum connectivity (from one end to the other of the city, with no antennas). 2. Serve-demand oriented route system. 3. High & very high frequency routes (5 – 8 min) from 7:00 am to 9:00 pm. 4. 1! Route per corridor. 5. Average distance between stops: 400 m. 6. 90% of journeys can be made with 0-1 transfers. 7. Gradual implementation (4-5 routes every year) The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  18. 18. 17 Main benefits: 1. Easier to Understand 2. Maximum Connectivity 3. More Frequent Buses: 5 - 8 min HW 4. A wider span: from 7:00 am to 9:00 pm The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  19. 19. The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes 18 The17+8+3orthogonalanddiagonalroutes Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  20. 20. The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes 19 The17sea-mountainroutes Barcelona’s New Bus Network #1 ÷ #17
  21. 21. The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes 20 The8parallel-to-the-searoutes Barcelona’s New Bus Network #1 ÷ #8
  22. 22. The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes 21 The3diagonalroutes Barcelona’s New Bus Network #2 #1 #3
  23. 23. 22 The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes Nomenclature: Barcelona’s New Bus Network V+ Odd number H+ Even number D + 20, 30 or 40
  24. 24. The Assessment of the Model 23 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  25. 25. The Assessment of the Model 24 Output0 Yes No Assessment Optimized model Average traveling time new model < Average traveling time current model Amount of affected passengers ≤ V0 Scientific predesign: Hybrid Model Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  26. 26. The Interchange Areas 25 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchange Areas • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  27. 27. The Interchange Areas 26 Axes are 3 blocks apart from each other Other cases Ideal interchange Areas: Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  28. 28. 27 The Interchange Areas Barcelona’s New Bus Network Real interchange Areas:
  29. 29. The Interchange Areas 28Barcelona’s New Bus Network InterchangeAreas
  30. 30. Implementing Phases 1, 2 & 3 29 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchangers • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  31. 31. Implementing Phases 1, 2 & 3 30 Total Routes Phases 1, 2 & 3: 13/28 (46%) Routes Still Pending: 15/28 (54%) 2012 2013 2014 Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  32. 32. The 1st Phase 31Barcelona’s New Bus Network The2H+2V+1Droutesofthe1stPhase
  33. 33. The 1st Phase 32Barcelona’s New Bus Network H6 Route H8: Z. Universitària – Fabra i Puig • Route of reference: 74 • Length: 19.3 km • Fleet: articulated buses
  34. 34. The 1st Phase 33Barcelona’s New Bus Network H12 Route H12: Gornal – Besòs Verneda • Route of reference: 56 • Length: 22.6 km • Fleet: articulated buses
  35. 35. The 1st Phase 34Barcelona’s New Bus Network Route V7: Pl. Espanya – Sarrià • Route of reference: 30 • Length: 22.6 km • Fleet: standard buses V7
  36. 36. The 1st Phase 35Barcelona’s New Bus Network Route V21: Pg. Marítim – Montbau • Route of reference: 10 • Length: 18.9 km • Fleet: articulated buses V21
  37. 37. The 1st Phase 36Barcelona’s New Bus Network Route D20: Pg. Marítim – Ernest Lluch • Routes of reference: 57 & 157 • Length: 18.5 km • Fleet: standard buses D20
  38. 38. The 1st Phase 37Barcelona’s New Bus Network ThenewurbanfurniturewithRTI&TM
  39. 39. The 1st Phase 38 ThenewurbanfurniturewithRTI&TM Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  40. 40. The 1st Phase 39ITS & Smart Mobility a Catalunya 2015 • Two screens: RTI & service info, with digital ink • Static information • Solar panel: it can be located anywere TheEnhancedpoles,PSI
  41. 41. The 1st Phase 40 Diversemeasuresofpriority Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  42. 42. The 1st Phase 41 Therollingstock CNG Standard bus CNG Articulated bus Hybrid Biarticulated bus (2013) Friendly environmentally fleet: CNG Hybrid Diesel Euro V Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  43. 43. The 1st Phase 42 ThenewVanHoolExquiCity24m Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  44. 44. The 1st Phase 43 Customer’sinformation Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  45. 45. The 1st Phase 44Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation
  46. 46. The 1st Phase 45Barcelona’s New Bus Network Evaluation: CSSoftheNewBusNetwork
  47. 47. The 2nd Phase 46Barcelona’s New Bus Network The3H+2Vroutesofthe2ndPhase
  48. 48. The 2nd Phase 47Barcelona’s New Bus Network Global1stand2ndPhase
  49. 49. The 2nd Phase 48Barcelona’s New Bus Network H8 Route H8: Camp Nou – La Maquinista • Route of reference: 15 • Length: 25.7 km • Fleet: articulated buses
  50. 50. 49Barcelona’s New Bus Network H10 The 2nd Phase Route H10: Badal – Olímpic de Badalona • Routes of reference: 43 & 44 • Length: 26.3 km • Fleet: articulated buses
  51. 51. The 2nd Phase 50Barcelona’s New Bus Network H16 Route H16: Paral·lel - Fòrum • Routes of reference: 14, 36 & 41 • Length: 14.3 km • Fleet: standard buses
  52. 52. The 2nd Phase 51Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  53. 53. The 2nd Phase 52Barcelona’s New Bus Network V3 Route V3: Z. Franca – Can Caralleu • Route of reference: 72 • Length: 17.3 km • Fleet: articulated buses
  54. 54. The 2nd Phase 53Barcelona’s New Bus Network Route V17: Port Vell - Carmel V17 • Route of reference: 28 • Length: 17.4 km • Fleet: standard buses
  55. 55. The 2nd Phase 54Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  56. 56. The 2nd Phase 55Barcelona’s New Bus Network Alfons X Interchange Area DesignofanInterchangeArea
  57. 57. The 2nd Phase 56Barcelona’s New Bus Network Alfons X Interchange Area SpecificsignpostingattheInterchangeArea
  58. 58. The 2nd Phase 57Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation Information guide at a transfer area
  59. 59. The 2nd Phase 58Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation Static information: Leaflet of route H8
  60. 60. The 2nd Phase 59Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation Static information: notice of upcoming changes on affected routes
  61. 61. The 2nd Phase 60Barcelona’s New Bus Network EvolutionofRidership
  62. 62. The 2nd Phase 61Barcelona’s New Bus Network Evaluation: CSSoftheNewBusNetwork
  63. 63. The 3rd Phase 62Barcelona’s New Bus Network The2H+2Vroutesofthe3rdPhase
  64. 64. The 3rd Phase 63Barcelona’s New Bus Network Global1st,2nd&3rdPhases
  65. 65. The 3rd Phase 64Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Routes of reference: 16 & 17 • Length: 20.4 km • Fleet: articulated buses V15 Route V15: Barceloneta – Vall d’Hebron
  66. 66. The 3rd Phase 65Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Route of reference: 71 • Length: 22.1 km • Fleet: standard buses V27 Route V27: Pg. Marítim – Canyelles
  67. 67. The 3rd Phase 66Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Routes of reference: H16 & 141 • Length: 19.4 km • Fleet: standard buses H14 Route H14: Paral·lel – Sant Adrià
  68. 68. The 3rd Phase 67Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Routes of reference: 9, 41 & 141 • Length: 24.2 km • Fleet: articulated buses H16 Route H16: Pg. Z. Franca – Fòrum
  69. 69. The 3rd Phase 68Barcelona’s New Bus Network EvolutionofRidership
  70. 70. The 3rd Phase 69Barcelona’s New Bus Network Tactile screens, with access to diverse App, Wi-Fi, RTI, Static info; double (8m) & single (4m) The smart shelters
  71. 71. The 3rd Phase 70Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation
  72. 72. The 3rd Phase 71Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation
  73. 73. The 3rd Phase 72Barcelona’s New Bus Network Customer’sinformation
  74. 74. The 3rd Phase 73Barcelona’s New Bus Network Evaluation: CSSoftheNewBusNetwork
  75. 75. Final Comments & Some Figures 74 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchangers • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  76. 76. Final Comments & Some Figures 75Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Bus services: • 13/28 HLS routes already implanted • 2 new conventional routes created • 15 restructured routes • 16 conventional routes cancelled • Buses of new routes are more frequent and run from 7:00 am to 9:00 pm with their better headways (rush hour HWs) • Ridership: • An average of 225,000 trips/weekday (≈35% of the over all network) • Horizontal routes: more than 20,000 trips/weekday • Vertical routes: from 12,000 to 18,000 trips/weekday • New signposting for the Interchange areas
  77. 77. Final Comments & Some Figures 76Barcelona’s New Bus Network • Bus priority: • Signal priority: • Macro (green wave based) • Micro (extension of green) • About 400 bus stop improvements: • New double bus stops • RTI panels at main bus stops (including interchange areas) • Enhanced poles with RTI • Smart shelters • 20% increase of length of bus lanes: currently more than 150 km in Barcelona • More info: https://www.novaxarxabus.bcn.cat
  78. 78. Next Steps 77 • Background • The Goals • The New Bus Network • The Orthogonal & Diagonal Routes • The Assessment of the Model • The Interchangers • Implementing First Phases: 1, 2 & 3 • Final Comments & Some Figures • Next Steps Barcelona’s New Bus Network
  79. 79. Next Steps 78Barcelona’s New Bus Network PhaseIV
  80. 80. Next Steps 79Barcelona’s New Bus Network TheNewBusNetworkafter implementingPhase4
  81. 81. Thank you jmension@tmb.cat

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