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Therefore, as a consequence of his injury (medial ligament grade 1) the transitional phase for this particular athlete had multiple components which were pre-hab, low intensity aerobic work and technical development on the Olympic Lifts (OL). The inclusion of the technical work on the OL was prescribed for a number of athletes within this team who had a training age of less than three years with a view that improved skill acquisition and co-ordination during this time frame would facilitate performances in the max strength and power phase of training. During this particular phase in the programme if the strength training was scheduled on the same day as the endurance training due to conflicting hormonal responses the endurance training was scheduled first (Kraemer et al., 1995).
Tony O’BrienMSc, MSc, Cert EdRugby Pre-Season
OverviewNeeds AnalysisAthlete Profile & Test ResultsSummary of 3 Months Training Weeks 9-11/ 17-19 Evaluation and Future Plans
Needs Analysis (Open Play) Average distance covered: 6953m Average distance per sprint 15.3m (Back), 17.3m(Forward)Forwards spent more time in the moderate speed zones(jogging 6 - 12 Km/h) recovering between bouts of highintensity activity which cumulated into a 1: 5.7 workratio. (Cunniffe et al., 2009)Forwards within a game commenced 41% of their sprintsfrom a standing start typically lasting 2.5 seconds whichwould result in players covering about 15 m. (Duthie etal., 2006)
Needs Analysis (Set Piece)Front row responsible for generating 38% of the total forceof the scrum with individual contributions of 140% of bodyweightPack forces which ranged from 6210 to 9090 NThe primary function of the tighthead will be that of a lifterand therefore, the prominent biomechanical action is thesimultaneous triple extension of hips, knees and ankle inorder to thrust the jumper into position.GPS would not detect the volume of isometric forcegenerated within the scrum.
Athletic ProfileAge: 23Training age: 3Playing age: 8Position: Tight head propCurrent Status: Semi - Professional (Connacht/Buccaneers RFU)Injury history: Medial ligament damage (grade 1)Consultation with medical and coaching team interms of goals and expectations of the programme
Monday (Wk 17) Tuesday Wednesday Thursday FridaySpeed and Agility Weight Speed and AgilityTraining 10.30am Training 10.30am Training 10.30amWeight (40 mins) (Sp 3) Session 2 (40 mins) (Sp 4) WeightTraining 12pm Training 12pmSession 1 Session 3Skill Session2.30pmSkill Session2.30pmSkill Session2.30pmSkill Session 3.30pm (45 mins) (30 mins) 45 (mins)(60 mins)Tactical Game Tactical Game Tactical Game Tactical Game(35 min) (30 min) (35 min) (30 min)
Tests Results (Pre-season) Results (Pre-power)Body Fat 22% 18% (-2%)Vertical Jump 60.96 cm 71.12 cmT-Test 10.3 Secs 9.6 SecsSquat 1RM 140 Kg 170.5 KgBench 1RM 110 Kg 115.5 KgClean 1RM 80 Kg 105 KgSpeed (0-10) 1.90 Secs 1.82 Secs (-0.07)Speed (0-30) 4.70 Secs 4. 32 Secs (+ 0.18)150 Shuttle Test 650m 700m (-100m)Body Weight 104.8 Kg 104 Kg
Evaluation and Future PlansBetter communication between S&C coach and teamcoaches in terms of volume and intensity. Post- season testing would provide a more conciseevaluation of the player and thus contribute to a moreprecise pre-season programme.Look to move away from a block periodisation modeland possible alternate between strength and powerprogrammes on a weekly basis.
References Cunniffe, B., Proctor, J., Baker, J. S., & Davies, D. (2009). An evaluation of the physiologicaldemands of elite rugby union using global positioning system tracking software. Journal ofStrength and Conditioning Research. 23(4)/1195-1203. Gilbert, G., & Lees, A. (2005). Changes in the force development characteristics of musclefollowing repeated maximum force and power exercise. Ergonomics. 48: 1576-1585. Haff, G.G., Whitley, A., McCoy, L.B., O’Bryant, H.S., Kilgore, J.L., Haff, E.E., Peirce, K., &Stone, M.H. (2003). Effects of different set configuration on barbell velocity anddisplacement during clean pull. Journal of Strength Conditioning Research. 17:95-103 Kraemer, W.J. (2000). Endocrine responses to resistance exercise. In: Essentials of StrengthTraining and Conditioning (2ndEd). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Plisk, S,S., & Stone, M,H. (2003). Periodisation strategies. Strength Conditioning Journal.25(6): 19-37. Stone, M.H., Plisk, S., & Collins, D. (2002). Training principles: Evaluation of modes andmethods of resistance training- A coaching perspective. Sports Biomechanics. 1: 79-103.Verkhoshansky, Y.U. (1966). Perspectives in the development of speed strength preparationin the development of jumper. Track and Field. 11-12. Tan, B.(1999). Manipulating Resistance Training Program Variables to Optimise MaximumStrength in men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 13(3), 289–304.