• Peace and Sustainability • Understanding Peace and Conflict
2. • Peace and Sustainability
• Understanding Peace and Conflict
• Sustainability (from 'sustain' and 'ability')
• Sustain can mean "maintain", "support", or
• Sustainability is achieved when all people on Earth
can live well without compromising the quality of
life for future generations.
• There are different conflicts between every
sustainability to support peace
• Horton & Hunt: "It is a process of seeking to monopolize
rewards by eliminating or weakening the competitors".
• According to Fairchild, "Conflict in sociology is a process or
situation in which two or more human beings or groups seek
actively to threat each other's purposes, to prevent each other's
interests, even to the extent of injuring or destroying the other".
• It may be organized or unorganized, transitory or enduring,
physical, intellectual or spiritual.
• In the process of conflict, men struggle against one another for
the attainment of the same objective.
• One item of value may be attained through competition in a
certain culture and thus the same item, when surpassing the
limit of competition, becomes a matter of contest, fight and
struggle among people
5. Types of Conflict
• Direct Conflict
• The direct conflict is the one in which people seek to attain
some objective by restraining, injuring or destroying one
another. Revolution and street fights are the examples.
• Indirect Conflict
• In indirect conflict the people do not restrain or injure
others in seeking their ends but manage to attain their
own goals as the opponent cannot approach to his goal in
anyway. It means obstruction in rival’s goals is created.
Group opinion is colored against the rival about his aims.
These are the frequently occurring instances in the social
life of people.
• Fighting — killing, beating and quarrelling are everywhere found in all
• Litigation-on disputes is commonly found in courts.
• Killing, injury, theft and all other crimes of property violation are the
• In rural areas, two farmers get into conflict on dispute of water
channel, on division of land and crops.
• 1965 War against' India was a dispute between Pakistan and India.
• Family disputes lead to separation and divorce between husband and
wife a common example.
• During elections the rival political parties get into dispute with the
result of loss of life and injury.
• Sectarian conflicts sometimes lead to serious disturbances, at various
• Freedom from disturbance ,
• A state or period in which there is absence of
dissension, violence, or war or a war has ended.
• In this diversity of meanings, peace is no different
from such concepts as justice, freedom, equality,
power, conflict, class, and, indeed, any other concept.
• Peace has always been among humanity's highest
values--for some, supreme.
• The most disadvantageous peace is better than the
most just war.
• There never was a good war or a bad peace."
9. The Importance of Peace to Community
• Peace enriches our communities and individual lives, as it
directs us to embrace diversity and support one another to
the fullest extent possible. Through caring, generosity, and
fairness we provide a cornerstone for attaining a
sustainable, just, meaningful, vibrant, and fulfilling
personal and community life.
• Consider the following questions:
• Can our families and communities thrive without mutual
support and peace with our neighbors?
• Can peaceful communities exist without attention to
justice and equity?
• What would be the prospects of a world without peace?
10. PEACE AS A SOCIAL CONTRACT
• meaning of peace are best summarized
through a number of social principles. These
have been documented and the evidence given
for them elsewhere, as will be noted for each.
11. The Conflict Principle
• Conflict is a balancing of powers among
interests, capabilities, and wills.
• It is a mutual adjusting of what people want,
can get, and are willing to pursue.
• Conflict behavior, whether hostile actions,
violence, or war, is then a means and
manifestation of this process.
12. The Cooperation Principle
• Cooperation depends on expectations aligned with
• Through conflict in a specific situation, a balance of
powers and associated agreement are achieved.
• This balance is a definite equilibrium among the
parties' interests, capabilities, and wills; the
agreement is a simultaneous solution to the different
equations of power, and thereby the achievement of a
certain harmony--structure--of expectations.
• Cooperation--interaction-depends on a harmony of
expectations, a mutual ability of the parties to predict
the outcome of their behavior
13. STEPS IN DEVELOPING AND PROMOTING
• There are many paths to climbing a mountain;
similarly, there are many paths through which a
commitment to peace can be used to strengthen
oneself and one’s community.
• There are approaches one can take as an
individual, a family, an organization, or a
community, nation, or general society.
• Some of these are simple, while others require
more commitment and resources. Let us consider
each approach in more detail.
14. STEPS IN DEVELOPING AND PROMOTING
• Detection and Action
• Promoting peace requires valuing and considering
both oneself and others.
• the meaning in our lives grows as we learn to
recognize and take more responsibility for one
another and the world.
• In community organizing, promoting peace is in
many ways similar to other areas of strategic
15. . Evaluate and Maintain
• Evaluating your peace-building efforts can help
ensure they are effective and sustained.
• Setting clear and measurable objectives can pave
the way for progress that can easily be
• It is vital to be inclusive and listen to the voices of
the entire community as you develop, implement,
and evaluate as well as celebrate the success of
16. Build and Launch
• You don’t have to start building from scratch. Join
with others already active in your community to
pursue your goals for peace-building.
17. Focus and Commit
• With this information in hand, choose the most important issues to you and
your community, particularly those you can commit to in promoting peace.
• Here are some among many potential areas of focus that individuals and
community peace organizations have chosen,:
• Arts, music, and cultural programs that promote peace
• Peace and interfaith collaborations, events, vigils, and rallies
• Anti-bullying and other violence prevention initiatives in schools
• Restorative justice programs in schools and community settings that focus on
healing rather than punishment
• Partnership strengthening between residents and police
• Formation of local peace commissions
• Establishment of sister-city programs with other communities
• Instituting community by-laws and other policies that foster peace and justice
• Several of these will be discussed in more depth, with examples, later in this
18. Discover and Assess
• Learn more about the issues and assets that affect peace in
• A quick snapshot of concerns can be identified through
statistics on criminal activities, hate crimes, and school
• More in-depth information may be gained from
discussions with residents, local human rights
commissions, and/or parent-teacher associations.
• The cultural and spiritual organizations in your area can
also be valuable in engaging diverse residents to share
their cultures and to promote your learning about current
efforts devoted to harmony and cross-cultural/interfaith
understanding. You can reach out and participate in some
of their activities.
19. Finding Peace Within• Many maintain the importance of establishing
peace within oneself in order to bring about peace
in the world.
• In our media and entertainment, as well as in our political spheres, we are surrounded by
those who emphasize sensationalism and violence. This can feed personal dislike, anger, or
even “hate” for a group of people we may hear are taking our jobs, corrupting the nation, or
threatening us with destruction. It can lead us to throw up our hands and say that nothing can
be done in such a world.
• Yet, returning to the beginning of this section, listen instead to the voices of peace, from the
youth in Afghanistan to those in each of our own communities. They can help us find hope
through the simple solution of extending a hand in friendship.
• Promoting peace is not a solitary activity. We are joined in the effort by the vast majority of
people in the world who yearn for peace, and work to live together peaceably. For those times
when you may find yourself overwhelmed, there is a saying beautifully voiced by the musical
group Sweet Honey in the Rock: “Drops of water turn a mill, singly none, singly none.” If we
keep moving forward step by step, together we will carve out the path toward peace dreamed
of by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., alongside so many others.
• From finding peace within one’s life to demonstrating the greatest compassion and
commitment to social justice, extending the principles and the practice of peace to others can
guide us to a richer, more secure coexistence. We at the Community Tool Box, in cooperation
with the Charter for Compassion and September 11th Families for Peaceful Tomorrows,
welcome and encourage each of you to further this vision, and to find ways to implement it in
your lives, in your communities, and in our world.