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Assistive technology nguyen

Assistive Technology

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Assistive technology nguyen

  1. 1. Assistive Technology Tuyet Nguyen October 5, 2014
  2. 2. What is Assistive Technology? “The guidelines for service delivery of assistive technology (AT) are found in the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). IDEA defines AT in terms of "devices" and "services." An Assistive Technology Device is defined as "any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities" (IDEA 300.5) (McSorley, 2000).“
  3. 3. Assistive Technology Wikipedia defines assistive technology as “any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities, while adaptive technology covers items that are specifically designed for person with disabilities and would seldom be used b non-disabled persons.” Examples • Mobility impairment & wheelchairs &Walkers • Personal Emergency Response Systems • Accessibility software • Assistive technology for visual impairment • Augmentative and Alternative Communication Wikipedia, 2014
  4. 4. How to Chose Assistive Technology (AT)? •Step 1: Collect child and family information. Begin the discussion about the child’s strengths, abilities, preferences and needs. What strategies have been found to work best? •Step 2: Identify activities for participation. Discuss the various activities within the environments that a child encounters throughout the day. What is preventing him/her from participating more? •Step 3: What can be observed that indicates the intervention is successful? What is his/her current level of participation and what observable behaviors will reflect an increase in independent interactions? What changes (e.g., number of initiations, expression attempts, responses, reactions, etc.) will you look for? •Step 4: Brainstorm AT solutions. Do the child’s needs include supports for movement, communication and/or use of materials? •Step 5: Try it out. Determine when the AT intervention will begin and create an observation plan to record how the child participates with the AT supports. •Step 6: Identify what worked. Selecting AT interventions is a continuous learning opportunity. Reflect on your plan and discuss what worked. What didn’t work? What should be done differently? Make modifications as needed and try again. Only by trying the AT can certain factors such as technology placement, amount of force, mounting, number of choices, etc. be determined and adjusted. CITEAD, 2010
  5. 5. High-Technology (high-tech) Devices that use complex multifunction technology. For example, computer or software. * tape recorders * talking calculators *speech recognition software Assistive Technology Industry Association
  6. 6. Wheelchair Hearing aide Touchscreen head dauber Wikipedia, 2014
  7. 7. NO-Technology (No-Tech) No-Tech devices are no technology related that can aide in the learning process. For example, a piece of foam glued onto the corners of book pages to make turning pages easy. pencil grips highlighting pens and tape calculators Low tech devices help organize students’ thoughts or work using flow charting. word processors dictionaries spell checkers Assistive Technology Industry Association
  8. 8. Assistive Technology Devices E-Books and Apps Word Prediction while typing Refreshable Braille Displays
  9. 9. AT Devices Computer/laptop, tablets, iPads, AAC devices FREE Built-In Accessibility Features in everyday technologies, Chrome Apps & Extensions, adjustable Furniture/ desks, adaptive keyboards and mice, adapted writing tools. Walking assistance, ramps, grab bars, environmental controls, eye gaze, switches, and so much more! Voice Recognition Software: Speech-to-text Software QR Codes and Bar Codes Refreshable Braille Displays Communication Boards and among other devices! Assistive Technology for Education, LLC, 2014 Assisted Technology Industry Association
  10. 10. IDEA “Also described in IDEA, is an Assistive Technology Service. This is defined as "...any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device" (IDEA 300.6). Studies have shown that assistive technology can significantly improve the educational, vocational, and social performance of individuals with disabilities. Federal law mandates that schools annually consider assistive technology accommodations in the Individual Education Program (IEP) of all eligible students” (McSorley, 2000).
  11. 11. Individualized Education Programs (IEPS) IEP are programs that helps kids with delayed skills or other disabilities Kids struggling in school may qualify for support services, allowing them to be taught in a special way, for reasons such as: • learning disabilities • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) • emotional disorders • cognitive challenges • autism • hearing impairment • visual impairment • speech or language impairment • developmental delay KidsHealth, 2014
  12. 12. Hearing Assistive Technology System (HATS) HATS are devices that helps communication be better with or without hearing aids or cochle implants to make hearing easier. Obstacles that affects or creates hearing problems are listed below: Distance between the listener and the sound source. Competing noise in the environment. Poor room acoustics/reverberation American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2014
  13. 13. Types of Learning Disabilities Reading disabilities Writing disabilities Dyslexia Math disabilities Attention and ADHD PBS, 2014
  14. 14. Attention and ADHD Attention and ADHD can affect a person’s attention and affects one’s success. Attention is important because it can leads to behavioral and social problems. PBS, 2014
  15. 15. What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity). ADHD 3 Subtypes 1. Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive 2. Predominantly inattention 3. Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive National Institute of Mental Health. 2014
  16. 16. Attention and ADHD Strategies Allow loner breaks Use a variety of instruction methods Be a coach, mentor, or check-in person Keep track of time Encourage scheduling and tracking of assignments Whenever possible, give children homework choices PBS, 2014
  17. 17. Overview - Assistive Technology Service any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device (IDEA 300.6). - Assistive technology can significantly improve the educational, vocational, and social performance of individuals with disabilities. -Federal law mandates that schools annually consider assistive technology accommodations in the Individual Education Program (IEP) of all eligible students. (McSorley, 2000)
  18. 18. Reference 2014. “Assistive Technology”. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2014. “Hearing Assistive Technology”. Assistive Technology for Education, LLC. 2014. Assistive Technology Industry Association. Accessed date, October 4, 2014. Berhrmann, Michael & Jerome, Marci Kindas. 2002. Assistive Technology for Students with Mild Disabilities 2002. Eric Digest. Georgia Project for Assistive Technology. Georgia Project for Assistive Technology. Individualized Education Program.1995. Kidshealth. What’s an IEP”. National Center For Technology Innovation and Implementing Technology in Education (CITED). 2010. McSorley, Jane & Wilbur, Judythe. 2000. Assistive Technology. National Institute of Mental Health. 2014. deficit-hyperactivity- disorder-adhd/index.shtml. Access date October 4, 2014. PBS Parents, 2014. “Types of Learning Disabilities”. educationlearning-disabilities/types/. Access date October 4, 2014.