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Important information for the health of women and children

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Brochure on female genital information for women and girls

Publicado en: Atención sanitaria
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Important information for the health of women and children

  1. 1. Have you heard of the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) or do you know what it is? Female genital mutilation, also known as cutting, excision or circumcision, isapracticethatconsistsoffullyorpartiallycutting the genitals of girls and women, causing lifelong damage to their physicalandmentalhealth. Do you know what health consequences it has? • Deathbytraumaticshock,infectionandhaemorrhaging • RiskofHIVtransmission • Fistulas,kidneycomplicationsandverypainfulmenstruation • Urinaryinfections,painaroundthescar,inflammation • Infertility • Increasedmaternalmortality,foetaldistressandinfantmortality • Anxiety,depression,lowself-esteem,fear,andthefeelingofhaving beenbetrayedbythepeopleyouloveandtrust • Painduringsexualintercourse,andreducedsensitivityandpleasure What can you do if you or another woman you know are affected by female genital mutilation? Ifyou’vesufferedfemalegenitalmutilation,informyourfamily doctor, nurse or midwife, so that they can offer you the support and care you need. Always remember that nobody’s going to judge you; you’ll be treated with respect and provided withalltheinformationandcareyouneed. Ifyouneedsomebodywhospeaksyourlanguagetohelpyou communicate,youcanrequestthis. If you’re concerned about a girl of any age who might be at risk of female genital mutilation... Youcanspeaktoyour: •Familydoctor •Nurse •Midwife •Socialworker •Teacher You can also get in touch with associations and NGOs like UNAF:+3491.446.31.62/50orMédicosdelMundo(Spain)+34 91.315.60.94 Ifyouhaveanemergency,youcancall: 016(hotlineforvictimsofgender-basedviolence) 062(teléfonodeemergenciasdelaGuardiaCivil). Female genital mutilation (excision, cutting…) is a form of violence against womenandaviolationoftheirhumanrights,andtherearelawsthatprohibit thepracticeinmanycountries. SpainhasaLawAgainstGender-BasedViolence,whichprovidesresources andprotectionforwomenandgirls. Youcancall016. FemalegenitalmutilationisalsoprohibitedinSpainandpunishablebylaw: Offenderscanbesentencedto6to12yearsinprisonandlosecustodyover their daughters.The law is equally enforced against persons who are invol- ved in any way by organising or mediating in such practices, and it is also enforcedwhensuchactsareultimatelyperformedoutsideSpain. Lastly,womenandgirlsaffectedbyfemalegenitalmutilationoratriskofthe practice have the right to seek asylum in Spain for gender-related reasons. Youcancall+34915550698(CEAR). Many people have stopped practising FGM around the world Traditions are the customs, beliefs and values of a community that are passeddownfromgenerationtogeneration.Acommunity’straditionscan changeovertheyearsasaresultofitsnewknowledgeandexperiences. At least 5 million men and women from 1,900 communities in over 16 African countries have stopped the traditional practice of female genital mutilation,becausethey’verealisedit’sharmfultothehealthandlivesof women,girlsandtheentirecommunity. Youtoocanhelptostopthepracticeinyourcommunity. Laws What to do...