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Presentation Professional Ethics.pptx

  1. Group no. 4 Group members: 1. Asad Abbas (19-CE-114) 2. Ali Rafique (19R-18-CE-83) 3. Sher Ali (19-CE-118) 4. Muntazir Mehdi (19-CE-126) 5. Muhammad Mohsin Ali (19-CE-18) 6. Adeel Rauf Khan (19-CE-122) 7. Muhammad Akram (19-CE-134) 8. Usama Shoukat (19-CE-62) Topic: Ethics in our society
  2. What is ethics? “Ethics is the word that refers to morals, values and beliefs of the individuals family or the society.” It is the; “Set of beliefs about right or wrong behavior.’’ Also, “It is a branch of philosophy that involves the systemizing, defending and recommending concept of right and wrong conduct.”
  3. Ethics in our society: Ethics and morals play an important part in the life of a common man. So here are some points which can be used as a keywords in social ethics.  Codes of conduct  Code of ethics  Workplace ethics  Public health  Professionalism  Poverty  Human rights
  4. Keywords: These are some keyword of ethics.  Human dignity  Equality  Citizenship  Social works  Natural laws  Social responsibility  Social rights  Justice
  5. Keywords:  Welfare  Equity  Moral theories  Common good  Public debate  Right to health  Bio-ethics
  6. Codes of conducts:  The code of conduct outlines specific behaviour that are required to prohibited as a conditions of ongoing employment.  It might forbid sexual harassment, racial intimidation or viewing inappropriate or unauthorized content on company computers.  Note: There are round about 18 articles who tell us about the codes of conducts. Also, there is a difference between codes of conducts and code of ethics.
  7. Codes of ethics: Code of ethics and professional conduct outlines the ethical principles that govern decisions and the behavior of the company. There are five code of ethics which are given below.  Integrity  Objectivity  Professional competence  Confidentially  Professional behavior
  8. Comparison between Codes of ethics and codes of conduct: Codes of ethics  Codes of ethics generally are wide ranging and non specific designed to provide a set of values or decision making approaches that enable employees to make independent judgment about the most appropriate course of action. Codes of conducts  Conduct standards generally require little judgment you obey or incur a penalty and the code provides a fairly clear set of expectations about which actions are required acceptable or prohibited.
  9. Workplace ethics: It does this by establishing rules, principles, and values on which we can base our conduct. The concepts most directly associated with ethics are truth, honesty, fairness, and equity. While ethics is a societal concern, it is of critical importance to the professions that serve society Ethics is important to every society as it plays a critical role in shaping the individual behaviors within a society. Ethics and human conduct are no exception to this rule.
  10. Public health: • The central ethical dilemma, therefore, in public health, is to balance respect for individual freedom and liberty with the responsibility of governments to provide their citizens with some degree of protection in relation to health. • Ethics covers the following dilemmas: “How to live a good life.” • Ethics and human conduct are no exception to this rule.
  11. Professionalism: • Some professional organizations may define their ethical approach in terms of a number of discrete components. These include Honesty, Trustworthiness, Transparency, Accountability, Confidentiality, Objectivity, Respect, Obedience to the law, and Loyalty. • Professional ethics are principles that govern the behavior of a person or group in a business environment. Like values, professional ethics provide rules on how a person should act towards other people and institutions in such an environment.
  12. Poverty: • Issues like;  Hunger  Illness  Poor sanitation are all causes and effects of poverty. • The effects of poverty are often interrelated so that one problem rarely occurs alone. • Bad sanitation makes one susceptible to diseases, and hunger and lack of clean water makes one even more vulnerable to diseases.
  13. Human right: • Human rights are norms that aspire to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. • Examples of human rights are the right to freedom of religion. • The right to a fair trial when charged with a crime • The right not to be tortured • The right to education.
  14. Human dignity: • Dignity is the right of a person to be valued and respected for their own sake, and to be treated ethically. It is of significance in morality, ethics, law and politics as an extension of the Enlightenment-era concepts of inherent, inalienable rights. • Human dignity refers to the inherent and inalienable value of every human being which cannot be destroyed, taken away or measured. It is not dependent or conditional on anything. Their dignity does not come from the work they do, but from the persons they are.
  15. Equality: • When two persons have equal status in at least one normatively relevant respect, they must be treated equally with regard to this respect. This is the generally accepted formal equality principle that Aristotle formulated in reference to Plato: “treat like cases as like”. • Equality is about ensuring that every individual has an equal opportunity to make the most of their lives and talents. Equality recognizes that historically certain groups of people with protected characteristics such as race, disability, sex and sexual orientation have experienced discrimination.
  16. Citizenship: • The citizenship, or civic duty, component refers to ethical obligations, standards of conduct that establish minimal requirements of ethical citizenship. • Civic duties include: Playing by the rules, obeying the law, and paying all taxes. 'Ethical citizenship' is a puzzle. • An ethical citizen should be someone who accepts responsibilities and duties and acts accordingly. The identification of responsibility may be difficult. The ability to discharge it may not exist.
  17. Equity: • Equity means social justice or fairness; it is an ethical concept, grounded in principles of distributive justice. • Equity in health can be and has widely been defined as the absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities. • In finance, equity is ownership of assets that may have debts or other liabilities attached to them. • Equity is measured for accounting purposes by subtracting liabilities from the value of an asset. • Equity can apply to a single asset, such as a car or house, or to an entire business.
  18. Justice: • Justice is a complex ethical principle, with meanings that range from the fair treatment of individuals to the equitable allocation of healthcare dollars and resources. • Justice is a concept of moral right based ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, equity and fairness, as well as the administration of the law, taking into account the inalienable and inborn rights of all human beings and citizens, the right of all people and individuals to equal protection before the law.
  19. Social right: • Social rights include the rights to an adequate standard of living, affordable housing, food, education, an equitable health system, and social security based on respect, not sanctions. There is evidence that they improve the lives of individuals and communities. • Rights are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory.
  20. Social responsibility: • Social responsibility is an ethical theory in which individuals are accountable for fulfilling their; civic duty  actions of an individual must benefit the whole of society. • In this way, there must be a balance between economic growth and the welfare of society and the environment.
  21. Natural law: • Natural law is a theory in ethics and philosophy that says that human beings possess intrinsic values that govern our reasoning and behavior. Natural law maintains that these rules of right and wrong are inherent in people and are not created by society or court judges. • Natural law theory is a legal theory that recognizes law and morality as deeply connected, if not one and the same. Morality relates to what is right and wrong and what is good and bad. Natural law theorists believe that human laws are defined by morality, and not by an authority figure, like a king or a government.
  22. Welfare: • Welfare is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs such as food and shelter. • In a welfare state, the State assumes responsibility for the health, education, and welfare of society, providing a range of social services such as those described.
  23. Moral theories: There are a number of moral theories: • Utilitarianism • Kantianism • Virtue theory • Casuistry. The four principles approach and Utilitarian think that the point of morality is to maximize the amount of happiness that we produce from every action.
  24. Common good: • In ordinary political discourse, the “common good” refers to those facilities whether material, cultural or institutional that the members of a community provide to all members in order to fulfill a relational obligation they all have to care for certain interests that they have in common • Examples of particular common goods or parts of the common good include an accessible and affordable public health care system, an effective system of public safety and security, peace among the nations of the world, a just legal and political system, an unpolluted natural environment, and a flourishing economic system
  25. Public debate: • Guide to Public Debate on Human Rights and Biomedicine era when emerging technologies have an increasing impact on our societies. • Public debate is necessary for the betterment of social ethics and also for the best role of ethics in our society.
  26. Right to health: • Everyone has the right to health. The World Health Organization defines the right to health as “a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” States should ensure both freedoms and entitlements. • The right to healthcare is well-established, encompassing not only the delivery of basic clinical services but also an environment that allows good health to flourish. A right can entail a negative duty, such as not torturing the person, or a positive duty such as providing legal representation during a trial.
  27. Bio-ethics: • Bioethics are concerned with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life; • Sciences • Biotechnology • Medicine • Medical ethics • Politics • Law • Theology and philosophy. • It includes the study of values relating to primary care and other branches of medicine.
  28. “Ethics also teaches us Kindness”: • Kindness is also considered a virtue. It is an excellence of character that drives ethical decisions. People who are kind act that way not for any reward or even recognition but because it is the right way to behave and the way a person wishes others would act towards them. It is the essence of The Golden Rule. • Kind acts include doing favors for others with no expectation of the other returning the favor. Kind people help others in need. An important aspect of kindness is random acts of kindness where a good act is done for another at the spur of the moment. Paying it forward is also a kind act with the hope that those for whom the act is done will return the favor by doing something kind for another person. If everyone paid it forward, society would be a lot kinder and we could bring back civility to society.
  29. Importance: • Ethics serve as a guide to moral daily living and helps us judge whether our behavior can be justified. Ethics refers to society's sense of the right way of living our daily lives. It does this by establishing rules, principles, and values on which we can base our conduct. • However, there are other types of benefits, as well. The following list describes various types of benefits from managing ethics in the workplace.
  30. Purpose of ethics: • Another purpose of a code of ethics is to provide guidance and set common ethical standards to promote consistency in behavior across all levels of employment. • A code governs the actions and working relationships of board members and top management with employees and in dealings with other stakeholders. • Many people are used to reading or hearing of the moral benefits of attention to business ethics. • Total Quality Management includes high priority on certain operating values, e.g., trust among stakeholders, performance, reliability, measurement, and feedback.
  31. How ethics useful for society: • Right thing to do • Overall benefits of ethics programs • Ethics programs promote a strong public image • Ethics programs help avoid criminal acts “of omission” and can lower fines • Ethics programs are an insurance policy • Ethics programs support employee growth and meaning • Ethics programs cultivate strong teamwork and productivity • Ethics programs help maintain a moral course in turbulent times
  32. How Ethics helps us? • Ethics programs helps; Help manage values associated with quality management  Strategic planning  Diversity management  Identify preferred values  Ensuring organizational behaviors  Performance  Reliability  Measurement of ethical values
  33. Conclusion: • In this study, ethics is shown to play an important role in moulding one's behaviour to identify what is right and wrong to do in a society, as it is a belief and standard that helps to create a harmonious and conforming environment.