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Kakoli Ghosh, Coordinator of Strategic Program on Sustainable Agriculture Management Team, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

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UNIMED, General Assembly 2019

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Kakoli Ghosh, Coordinator of Strategic Program on Sustainable Agriculture Management Team, Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)

  1. 1. Role of Academia in Sustainable Agriculture to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals Dr. Kakoli Ghosh Coordinator (Partnerships) Sustainable Agriculture Program FAO, Rome, Italy
  2. 2. UNIMED General Assembly Rome, 12 - 13 December 2019 Outline • Integrated approach of SDGs • Promoting Sustainable Agriculture • Role of Academia and Research Organisations • Opportunities in the Mediterranean region
  3. 3. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable The 17 SDGs are informed by a distinctive set of assumptions and commitments: • Demands Transformation • Intertwined Goals to be addressed in an integrated way • Requires institutional innovations • Asks for Partnerships at all levels • Invites all countries and people to help achieve the goals The 2030 Agenda: Architecture for Transformative Change 17 Goals 169 targets 232 indicators Source: DESA Working Paper 141, March 2015
  4. 4. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableFood and Agriculture are Central to achieving several SDGs
  5. 5. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable 8 TARGETS and 13 indicators 2.1 End hunger and ensure access ..to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round 2.2 End all forms of malnutrition…nutritional needs of adolescent girls.. 2.3 Double agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, 2.4 Ensure sustainable food production systems …maintain ecosystems, capacity for adaptation to climate change, ..improve land and soil quality 2.5 Maintain genetic diversity.. access to sharing of benefits traditional knowledge 2-A Increase investment---in rural infrastructure, research and extension, technology .. 2-B Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets.. 2-C Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives ..to help limit extreme food price volatility End hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition, promote sustainable agriculture
  6. 6. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable • IBPES : Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services finds that around 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction, many within decades, more than ever before in human history • FAO: The State of the Worlds biodiversity for Food and Agriculture plant diversity in farmers’ fields is plummeting rapidly. Nine plant species of roughly 6,000 cultivated for food globally account for 66 percent of total crop production • EAT–Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable food systems Transformation to healthy diets by 2050 will require substantial dietary shifts, including ….100% increase in consumption of healthy foods, such as nuts, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. Changes needed differ greatly by region New global reports highlight major concerns
  7. 7. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableClimate change adds new and more challenges Source: Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  8. 8. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable Today, food and agriculture systems worldwide are facing unprecedented challenges: • Growing demand for food, rising hunger and malnutrition • Persistent poverty, inequality within global population • Natural resources are increasingly over-exploited, degraded and their productivity declines • Unsustainable agricultural production practices • Rapid climate change as a fundamental threat • Excessive food loss and food waste Major changes are needed to achieve sustainability Food and agriculture under pressure
  9. 9. Construire une vision commune pour une alimentation et une agriculture durables I. Increase productivity and resources efficiency II. Protect and enhance natural resources III. Improve livelihoods and inclusive economic growth IV. Enhance resilience of communities and ecosystems V. Adapt governance to new challenges
  10. 10. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableAdopt an integrated approach, manage trade offs, build synergies • Strengthen food and agriculture in national SDG implementation • Enhance scaling up of sustainable practices, innovations, technologies for efficient resource use • Address climate change impacts on agriculture, forestry and fisheries • Mainstream biodiversity through ecosystems, landscape and seascape approaches • Coping with water scarcity
  11. 11. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable Zimbabwe Livelihoods and Food Security Programme Improve agricultural productivity •Increase consumption of diverse and nutritious foods •Improve and diversifying incomes FAO projects promote an integrated approach https://lfspzim.com/ Reducing vulnerability and increasing adaptive capacity to respond to impacts of climate change and variability for sustainable livelihoods in agriculture sector in Nepal  Strengthen capacities and integrating adaptation into national food and agriculture policies, plans  Assessment, monitoring and advance early warning information  Improving awareness on climate impacts  Prioritise local investment by promoting Community Based Adaptation (CBA) to strengthen livelihoods  Duration 2015 – 2019 GEF : 2689499 USD
  12. 12. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable UNIMED General Assembly Rome, 12 - 13 December 2019 Shift from Silos to a Systems Approach- Address Scale
  13. 13. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable Academia 33% Research Institutions… Private Sector 22% Civil Society Organization s 10% Producers Organizations 3% Multi-stakeholder Partnership 16% • Over 200 partnerships in support of the achievement of the goals and objectives of FAO • Some 80 partnerships have been formalized at global, regional, and country level to support SO2. • Partners include: Academia, Research Institutions, Private Sector, Civil Society Organizations, Resources partners, Multi-stakeholder partnerships • Academia and research partnerships are the bulk with value added by expert guidance, skill- set training, data-generation, studies and evaluations Building Strategic Partnerhsips
  14. 14. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable UNIMED General Assembly Rome, 12 - 13 December 2019 • Role of Academia and Research Organisations
  15. 15. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable http://www.fao.org/agroecology/knowled ge/10-elements/en/ SDG Promoting sustainable agriculture approaches http://www.fao.org/cfs/cfs- hlpe/reports/en/ Increase Knowledge and Practical Solutions
  16. 16. Design Nature-Based Solutions Managing natural resource conditions for productive purposes and human consumption, while simultaneously striving to preserve the integrity and intrinsic value of the ecosystem. NBS recognizes that soils are an essential and non-renewable natural resource hosting goods and services vital to ecosystems and human life.
  17. 17. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableT • Building solutions for concrete, viable paths for mainstreaming food, agriculture and natural resource management into strategic agendas to achieve the common vision shared by the 2030 Agenda. • Research conducive policies, investment plans, governance mechanisms, while considering trade-offs • Adoption of innovations, good practices, technologies and digital agriculture • Promote knowledge-exchange, data-generation for monitoring the SDGs Building capacities, Research-driven solutions Training and Innovations
  18. 18. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable UNIMED General Assembly Rome, 12 - 13 December 2019 Opportunities in the Mediterranean region
  19. 19. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable • Diverse food systems, wide variety of local-food products, differing cultural dimensions • Demographic changes, globalization, profound changes in the food consumption patterns and lifestyles • Increasing water scarcity, land and marine resource degradation, climate change impacts • Growing urbanization, youth and women unemployment, vulnerability of rural livelihoods, conflicts and migration • Need sustainable development in the whole Mediterranean region The Mediterranean Conundrum
  20. 20. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable • Drive progress through knowledge and solutions • Invest in SDG-linked research, discovery, technology creation, and adoption • Assess and analyse policy options and transformation pathways • Monitor progress on targets and indicators, support local and national processes • Teach professional skills for SDG implementation • Provide leadership through cross-sectoral dialogues and partnerships • Educate public on the SDGs, advocating for SDGs • Embody SDG principles in social, economic and environmental footprints • Be an independent voice NEED active role of universities and research institutions Adapted from http://ap-unsdsn.org/wp-content/uploads/University-SDG-Guide_web.pdf
  21. 21. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable Real time water productivity and water accounting Science , Technology, Data on Mediterranean challenges https://wapor.apps.fao.org/home/WAPOR_2/1 https://ufmsecretariat.org/restore-land-to-sustain-life/
  22. 22. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableData-based Evidence, Monitoring, Evaluation Theme Sub-indicators of SDG241 1 Land productivity Farm output value per hectare 2 Profitability Net farm income 3 Resilience Risk mitigation mechanisms 4 Soil health Prevalence of soil degradation 5 Water use Variation in water availability 6 Fertilizer risk Management of fertilizers 7 Pesticide risk Management of pesticides 8 Biodiversity Use of biodiversity-supportive practices 9 Decent employment Wage rate in agriculture 10 Food security Food insecurity experience scale 11 Land tenure Secure tenure rights to land
  23. 23. Food System components Production Transformation Marketing Consumption Agricultural transformation: inclusivity, productivity, profitability, resource sustainability, biodiversity, climate resilience Rural transformation Post-farm value addition: employment, productivity, profitability, resource sustainability, mechanization Rural-Urban interlinkages: Infrastructure, SME entrepreneurs, employment, productivity, profitability, market making, food industries Market potential Demand-side interventions, income policies, safety nets, school feeding, Nurition sensitive agriculture Procurement, nutrition education Modelling scale and inter -sectoral dynamics of urbanisation NEEDS and DEMANDS • Connect knowledge with ground applications directly • Focus on local problems , local knowledge of students and researchers • Include digital learning as a new tools for food and agriculture • Link technical knowledge with economic and social dimensions • Engage in systems solutions and measure sustainability
  24. 24. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable
  25. 25. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainableA BIG CHALLENGE NEEDS A BOLD SOLUTION!
  26. 26. STRATEGIC PROGRAMME 2 | Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable UNIMED General Assembly Rome, 12 - 13 December 2019 Thank you kakoli.ghosh@fao.org

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