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Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are solid-state light sources increasingly used in general illumination. Advanced properties, such as energy efﬁciency and long lifetime, are promoting LED replacement over traditional lamp-based solutions. Features like small size and ease of control are also appreciated among the lighting community. Smart lighting with advanced control has attracted particular attention recently due to the increased energy savings via added intelligence. Besides the environmental reasons, the economic impact of LED lighting technology development is signiﬁcant, with solid growth predicted for the energy-efﬁcient lighting market.
This thesis addresses high-power LED lighting technology development at four different levels. At the component, module and luminaire levels, the research concentrates on thermal management, which is considered one of the main factors for reliability and performance. The research focus is on reducing the thermal resistance of the high-power LED structure. This is achieved with thermal vias through the insulation layer of the substrate under the heat source. As a result, a total thermal resistance reduction of 10–55% is shown in comparison with commercial substrate technologies.
Energy efﬁciency is considered the measure of the achievements at the luminaire and system levels. The topic is studied with a pedestrian street lighting installation in a real use environment. Case examples of dimming the street lighting according to natural light levels and pedestrian presence revealed power savings of more than 40% with smart control.