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Tb

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Presentation by Vickey de Jager for Gr8 learners about Tuberculosis. Transmission, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Tb

  1. 1. TuberkuloseTuberculosis<br />
  2. 2. StatistiekStatistics<br />
  3. 3. TB in die wêreld / TB in the world<br /><ul><li>3 miljoen mense sterf wêreldwyd per jaar
  4. 4. Mpumalanga – meeste weerstandig teen behandeling
  5. 5. TB een van die hoof oorsake van sterftes in SA
  6. 6. Grootste risiko faktor is om MIV+ te wees</li></ul>3 Million people die world wide <br />Mpumalanga – most drug resistant cases<br />TB is one of the leading causes of deaths in SA<br />HIV infection is the main single risk factor for TB<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Algemene FeiteGeneral Facts<br />
  9. 9. TB die feite/ TB the facts<br />TB is as an infectious disease<br />It can be a crippling and deadly disease<br />Infections are rising in developed and developing worlds<br />It is the leading cause of deaths resulting from an infectious disease in the world<br /><ul><li>TB is ʼn hoogs aansteeklike siekte
  10. 10. Kan inhiberend en dodelik wees
  11. 11. Die aantal infeksies is besig om wêreldwyd toe te neem
  12. 12. Is die hoof oorsaak van dood agv ʼn aansteeklike siektes</li></li></ul><li>TB die feite/ TB the facts<br /><ul><li>Word ook Tuberkulose genoem
  13. 13. Veroorsaak deur patogene wat in die longe ingeasem word
  14. 14. Meestal in die longe gevind, maar kan na ander liggaamsdele beweeg
  15. 15. Wanneer TB in jou longe is kan jy ander infekteer</li></ul>Also called Tuberculosis<br />Caused by tiny germs that enter the lungs when you breathe them in<br />TB germs are most commonly found in the lungs, but sometimes they can move to other parts of the body<br />When you have TB disease of the lungs, you can spread it to other people<br />
  16. 16. Waar in die liggaam / Where in the body<br />
  17. 17. Oorsake en VerspreidingCauses and Transmission<br />
  18. 18. Oorsake / Causes<br /><ul><li>Veroorsaak deur n bakteriee
  19. 19. Naam = Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M Tuberkulose)</li></ul>Caused by a bacteria<br />Called = Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis)<br />
  20. 20. Verspreiding / Transmission<br /><ul><li>Direkte oordrag – indirekte kontak
  21. 21. Wanneer n geinfekteerde persoon hoes, nies, lag of sing
  22. 22. Verlengde kontak word vereis
  23. 23. 10% van geinfekteerde persone sal die siekte kry</li></ul>Direct transmission – indirect contact<br />When an infectious person coughs, sneezes, laughs, or sings<br />Prolonged contact needed for transmission <br />10% of infected persons will develop TB disease<br />
  24. 24. How Are TB Germs Spread?<br />
  25. 25. 13<br />TB word nie versprei deur / You can’t infect others when you <br /><ul><li>Vinnige kontak – verby iemand in die straat te loop
  26. 26. Eetgerei of kos te deel
  27. 27. Sigarette te deel
  28. 28. Uitruil van spoeg en liggaamsvloeistowwe
  29. 29. Hande skud
  30. 30. Publieke telefone te gebruik
  31. 31. Quick, casual contact - passing someone on the street
  32. 32. Sharing utensils or food
  33. 33. Sharing cigarettes or drinking containers
  34. 34. Exchanging saliva or other body fluids
  35. 35. Shaking hands
  36. 36. Using public telephones</li></li></ul><li>14<br />Jy kan nie meer infekteer / You can’t infect anymore<br /><ul><li>Effektiewe behandeling vir 2-3 weke gehad het
  37. 37. Goed op die behandeling reageer
  38. 38. 3 Sputumtoetse negatiewe resultate lewer
  39. 39. Received adequate treatment for 2-3 weeks
  40. 40. Favourable clinical response to treatment
  41. 41. 3 consecutive negative sputum smears results</li></li></ul><li>SimptomeSymptoms<br />
  42. 42. Stadiums / Phases<br /><ul><li>TB Infeksie:
  43. 43. Die bakteriee is in jou longe, maar versprei nie en jy het geen simptome
  44. 44. Jy kan nie ander mense infekteer nie
  45. 45. TB Siekte
  46. 46. Die bakteriee bly in die longe of versprei na ander liggaamsdele
  47. 47. Die bakteriee vermeerder, jy toon simptome
  48. 48. Jy kan ander begin infekteer</li></ul>TB infection:<br /> TB bacteria stay in your lungs, but they do not multiply or make you sick<br />You cannot pass TB germs to others<br />TB disease:<br />TB bacteria stay in your lungs or move to other parts of your body, multiply, and make you sick<br />You can pass the TB germs to other people<br />
  49. 49. Die siekte / The disease<br /><ul><li>Wanneer die immuunstelsel nie:
  50. 50. Die bakteriee kan keer nie
  51. 51. Die bakteriee begin vermeerder
  52. 52. Die persoon begin simptome toon</li></ul> Occurs when immune system cannot :<br />Keep bacilli contained <br />Bacilli begin to multiply rapidly<br />Person develops TB symptoms<br />
  53. 53. 18<br />Simptome van TB / TB Symptoms<br /><ul><li>Aanhoudende hoes, bloed hoes
  54. 54. Borspyne
  55. 55. Koors, en nagsweet
  56. 56. Moegheid
  57. 57. Aptytsverlies en gewigsverlies
  58. 58. Productive prolonged cough, coughing up blood
  59. 59. Chest pain
  60. 60. Fever, chills and night sweats
  61. 61. Fatigue
  62. 62. Loss of appetite and weight loss</li></li></ul><li>19<br />TB Fase 1 / TB Stage 1<br /><ul><li>Fase 1:
  63. 63. Maklik geneesbaar
  64. 64. Medikasie moet vroegtydig en gereeld geneem word
  65. 65. Stage 1:
  66. 66. easily cured
  67. 67. medication on time and regularly</li></li></ul><li>20<br />TB Fase 2 / TB Stage 2<br /><ul><li>Fase 2:
  68. 68. Gevaarlik
  69. 69. Ernstige en aanhoudende hoes
  70. 70. Moeiliker om te genees
  71. 71. Stage 2:
  72. 72. Dangerous
  73. 73. Severe coughing
  74. 74. Harder to treat</li></li></ul><li>21<br />TB Fase 3 / TB Stage 3<br /><ul><li>Fase 3:
  75. 75. Baie gevaarlik
  76. 76. Begin bloed hoes
  77. 77. Kan nie meer behandel word
  78. 78. Eindig in die dood
  79. 79. Stage 3:
  80. 80. Extremely dangerous
  81. 81. Starts vomiting blood
  82. 82. Can’t be treated anymore
  83. 83. Leads to death</li></li></ul><li>BehandelingTreatment<br />
  84. 84. 23<br />In die verlede / In the past<br /><ul><li>Geen behandeling van TB
  85. 85. Mense het dit tering genoem
  86. 86. Die siekte was endemies
  87. 87. No cure for TB
  88. 88. Was called consumption
  89. 89. The disease was endemic</li></li></ul><li>24<br />Vandag / Today<br /><ul><li>Behandeling is baie kompleks
  90. 90. Moet getrou gevolg word
  91. 91. Bemoeilik deur:
  92. 92. MIV
  93. 93. Weerstandigheid teen medikasie
  94. 94. Treatment is complex
  95. 95. Needs to be followed strictly
  96. 96. Problematic because of
  97. 97. HIV
  98. 98. Drug resistance</li></li></ul><li>25<br />TB Infeksies / TB Infections<br /><ul><li>Duur 4 – 9 maande
  99. 99. Moet kursus voltooi
  100. 100. Indien nie:
  101. 101. TB siekte
  102. 102. Weerstandigheid teen medikasie
  103. 103. Lasts 4-9 months
  104. 104. Has to complete course
  105. 105. If not:
  106. 106. TB disease
  107. 107. Drug resistance</li></li></ul><li>26<br />TB siekte / TB disease<br /><ul><li>Duur 6-9 maande
  108. 108. Medikasie beveg die bakterieë
  109. 109. Moet kursus voltooi:
  110. 110. Al is daar geen simptome
  111. 111. Kan dan genees word
  112. 112. Lasts 6-9 months
  113. 113. Medication kills bacteria
  114. 114. Has to complete course
  115. 115. Even tough no symptoms
  116. 116. Can be cured</li></li></ul><li>27<br />DOB / DOT<br /><ul><li>Direkte Observasie Behandeling:
  117. 117. Mediese praktisyn kyk dat pasiënte hulle medikasie gereeld neem
  118. 118. Verminder terugvalle en dwelmweerstandigheid
  119. 119. Direct Observation Therapy:
  120. 120. Health care worker watches patient swallow each dose of medication
  121. 121. Reduces relapse of TB disease and acquired drug resistance</li></li></ul><li>28<br />Dwelmweerstandigheid / Drug Resistance<br /><ul><li>Wanneer pasiënte kursusse te vroeg stop
  122. 122. Bakterieë muteer
  123. 123. Medikasie werk nie meer
  124. 124. When patients stop courses beforehand
  125. 125. Bacteria mutates
  126. 126. Medication does not work anymore</li></li></ul><li>29<br />Waarom gebruik mense nie medikasie / Why don’t people use medication<br /><ul><li>Die stigma van TB
  127. 127. Die lang duur van behandeling
  128. 128. Newe-effekte van medikasie
  129. 129. Bang vir vergiftiging
  130. 130. Nie genoeg kennis oor TB
  131. 131. Stigma
  132. 132. Extensive duration of treatment
  133. 133. Adverse reactions to medications
  134. 134. Concerns of toxicity
  135. 135. Lack of knowledge about TB and its treatment</li></li></ul><li>VoorkomingPrevention<br />
  136. 136. 31<br />Hoe vatbaarheid / High susceptibility<br /><ul><li>Ouderdom, gesondheidskwessies, lewensomstandighede en selfs jou werksomstandighede kan jou risko verhoog
  137. 137. Die volgende is hoe risiko groepe:
  138. 138. Senior burgers
  139. 139. Babas
  140. 140. Swanger vroue
  141. 141. MIV / Vigs lyers
  142. 142. Mense met diabetes, kanker, niersiektes en kandidate vir orgaan oorplantings
  143. 143. Ondervoede mense
  144. 144. Mense wat deur TB lyers omring word
  145. 145. Age, health issues, life circumstances , where you work may put you at risk
  146. 146. High-risk groups:
  147. 147. Seniors
  148. 148. Babies
  149. 149. Pregnant woman
  150. 150. HIV-positive or AIDS patients
  151. 151. People with diabetes, cancer patients, organ transplant recipients people with kidney disease
  152. 152. Malnourished individuals
  153. 153. People surrounded by potential cases of TB</li></li></ul><li>32<br />Risiko gedrag / Risk behaviour<br /><ul><li>Losbandige gedrag - MIV
  154. 154. Ongesonde eetgewoontes
  155. 155. Sittende leefstyl
  156. 156. Substansmisbruik
  157. 157. Promiscuous behaviour - HIV
  158. 158. Unhealthy eating habits
  159. 159. Seditary life style
  160. 160. Drugabuse</li></li></ul><li>33<br />Vermindering van verspreiding / <br />Decreasing transmission<br /><ul><li>Patients should:
  161. 161. Cover mouth when coughing or sneezing
  162. 162. Wear mask as instructed
  163. 163. Open windows to assure proper ventilation
  164. 164. Do not go to work or school until instructed by physician
  165. 165. Avoid public places
  166. 166. Limit visitors
  167. 167. Maintain home or hospital isolation
  168. 168. Pasiente moet:
  169. 169. Hulle monde bedek wanneer hulle hoes of nies
  170. 170. Maskers dra
  171. 171. Vensters oopmaak
  172. 172. Nie na skool of werk gaan as nog ander kan infekteer
  173. 173. Publieke plekke vermei
  174. 174. Nie baie besoekers ontvang
  175. 175. Geisoleer word in die hospitaal</li>

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