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Wall finishes

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Wall finishes

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Wall finishes

  1. 1. WALL FINISHES AR.VIJAY KUMAR
  2. 2. As the name “Wall Finishes” itself suggests that it is finish given to the wall to enhance the interior or exterior look of the structure. Wall finishes used for the interiors are quite delicate and need maintenance. The new contemporary trend has brought about great deal of increase in the usage of various types of wall finishes for the aesthetic purpose. Wall finishes include: those applied as a single, thin decorative covering, such as paint, wallpaper, and vinyl wallcovering, and those composed of several construction elements that can add substantial thickness to a wall, such as ceramic tile or stone panels. DIFFERENT TYPES OF WALL FINISHES: Cement Textured Finish Plaster of Paris Finish Gypsum Plaster Finish Glass Mosaic Finish Designer Mirror Finish Laminate Finish Marble Powder Finish
  3. 3.  An old technique in which plaster is applied over the wallboard or concrete block using a lath. Textures range from smooth to stucco. This technique is almost a lost trade and is not used in new homes. It often chips and cracks as a house settles over the years.
  4. 4. Shreenath Minerals H-625 to 627 Mi.A. Alwar (Rajasthan) Infinite Impex 121 Gundecha Industrial Estate, Akurli Road, Kandivili East , Mumbai, Maharashtra Paridhi Udyog 296, Satya Niketan, Second floor , near Dhaula Kuan , Delhi S.S. Enterprises 27-h-19, Davoli, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
  5. 5.   Designer mirrors are obtained by small pieces on walls to create mural like design Ratnam Granite & Marbles Pvt. Ltd. G-50/51, Phase 4, RIICO Industrial Area, Rajasthan Royal Industries Kg-32 , Second Cross, Hbr Layout, Second Stage, Venkaresh Pur, Bangalore Karnataka
  6. 6.   Gypsum wallboard is the most commonly used material to cover walls in interior projects. It has evolved into a versatile, dependable material that is quick to install and easy to repair. Made from a natural crystallized mineral, wallboard is naturally fire resistant and can also act as a sound barrier. GYPSUM BOARD OF 4’ WIDE SHEETS X 8’, 9’, OR 10’ HIGH is attached directly to the stud walls. The joints are taped, spackled and sanded so the seams do not show. Texture may be applied or various other finish techniques. A laminated material with a gypsum core and paper covering on either side.
  7. 7. The Ceramic Wall Tiles are highly appreciated for their durability, excellent finish, unique designs and style. For the benefits of the customers the Ceramic Wall Tiles are reasonably priced and hence affordable by all. Ceramic tile is especially useful in kitchens and bathrooms because it is water-resistant and easy to clean and extremely durable.
  8. 8. ADVANTAGE - • Ceramic tiles possess a wide range of properties, and certain tiles are better suited for some installations than others. •Ceramic tile absorb less amount of moisture. •They are chemical resistance. •Stain resistance. •Freeze resistance. •Thermal shock resistance. DISADVANTAGES: • Ceramic tile is brittle • Any impact may cause it to crack • These tiles are slippery if wet • Expensive than others types of flooring
  9. 9. • To install ceramic tile you need to acquire some basic material like adhesive for tiles, a grout mix, measurement tape, pencil, level, saw to cut tiles, sponge, notched trowel, tile spacer, rubber float, and spacer. • Firstly set the right lay out of your wall and measure the length and width of the wall, then locate and begin installation from the centre of the wall. • To ensure whether the tile pattern fits properly on the edges, ‘dry fit’ the tile. • Now draw few vertical and horizontal lines on the wall with the help of pencil and the size of the tile has to be same on reaching each end. • Now apply the tile adhesive on the wall using notched trowel and fix the tiles on the adhesive but never forget to leave some space between the tiles which can be done using tile spacer. • To attach the tiles firmly to the adhesive press and twist the tile on the adhesive. • Trim the tile if required, and if the tiles are sharper at the end sandpaper could be used to smoothen them.
  10. 10. Fa Home Fashion Building# 1, Ground Floor, 318/1, Shivalya Road, Chattarpur Delhi Swiss Ceramic Pvt. Ltd. 20, Nala, a-nh B/h Varmora Vitrified, Dhuva (Dist. Rajkot), Gujrat Giant Indusries Ltd. 2-E, Vijay Chambers, Opp. Dreamland Cinema, Tribhuvan Road, Mumbai, Maharashtra. Kajaria Ceramics Ltd. J-1/B-1, Mohan Co-op. Indl. Estate, Delhi • Allow the tiles to dry for about 24 hours. • Further check the tiles next day and remove the tile spacer. • Now mix the grout and apply it at an approximately 45 degree angle using rubber float. The excess grout must be wiped off with a sponge. • Remove the haze that appears on the grout after 60-70 minutes. • Finally take the caulk and seal the edges.
  11. 11. Glass Mosaic Finish Glass mosaic tiles are small 1”x1” on a cloth to get a workable size 12”x12” and this tile is pasted with an adhesive on wall surfaces. It can also be pasted on curved surfaces. It comes in different colours and generally Used in swimming pools. Jaipur Tiles Pvt. Ltd. 359, Indra Bazaar, Jaipur, Rajasthan Excel Enterprise B-10 Motilal Center, Ashram Road, Gujarat G.T. Impex 64, Mount Kailash , East of kailash , Delhi KTCO Impex Pvt. Ltd. 25/16 , Punjabi Bagh Ext, Delhi
  12. 12. Marble Finish This is a very smooth finish. The finish looks like Marble flooring. This finish is obtained by mortar of marble powder, white cement and water. It is applied manually. Krishna Minerals FB 62 (D) MIA, Alwar, Rajasthan Shree Ji Marble Pvt. Ltd. Nh-8 Gunjol Nathdwara, Rajasthan Bravos Exports No.21, Vetrivel street, Kamaraj Nagar, Chennai Ashirwad Minerals And Marbles E-93, Pratap Nagar, Udaipur Rajasthan Typical stone used for wall finishes include: Granite, marble, limestone, slate, sandstone. 
  13. 13. Stone used as a finished wall surface can be achieved using two different approaches: Tiles: thin, small, modular, pieces, typically no larger than 12" x 12". Panels/slabs: 3/4" up to 4" thick.   Marble panels attached to a sub-surface wall
  14. 14. Stained Glass Finish It involves lot of creative work. The glass is decorated with itching, frosting, glass pasting and finally colouring with suitable colours according to the theme. The stained glass panels are used on walls and ceilings. M B Syndicate M B Chambers 30-31, S P Road, Bangalore, Karnataka Filigree Arts 89 Shivaji Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra Pari Glass Fibre Industries 71, Apollo Industrial Estate, Maharashtra Stain Seal Rokadia lane, Borivali (w), 400 092, I, Mumbai, Maharashtra India The Art Link The Panorama, 44 Pali Hill, Bandra, Mumbai, Maharashtra India
  15. 15. WALL Paints Paints are made up of four components: Pigment, binder, solvent/liquid carrier, and additives. Paint may have physical or chemical characteristics such as: Matte surface, semi gloss surface, high gloss surface Non-drip paint, primer, undercoats, anti-condensation, Fire retardant paint (intumescent), metallic, concrete floor Paint, porch paint, anti-fungus paint, heat resistant paint
  16. 16. • The binder is the material that forms the film, giving protection to the substrate and keeping the pigment in place and evenly dispersed. It may be made up of a single, or a combination of polymers. • The binder may be dissolved in a solvent, or in the form of an emulsion or colloidal dispersion in water. • This results in solvent-borne and water-borne paints, respectively. • Water-based: non-flammable, clean up with water, quick drying in good conditions, low VOC content, low odor, non-yellowing • Solvent-based: better drying in cold, damp conditions, better low-temperature storage, no can corrosion problems, less wood-grain raising, higher gloss
  17. 17. MAINTENANCE: • It is estimated that over 80% of paint failure is due to poor, improper, or no surface preparation which results into peeling, chalking, discoloration, blistering and cracking of the paint film. • This can be corrected by the complete removal of the failed paint, proper surface preparation and repainting. • Moisture penetration should be avoided. • Efflorescence should be avoided, a white powdery material. This occurs either on newly built concrete, stone or masonry wall experiencing water penetration.
  18. 18.  • Wallcoverings offer improved durability over typical paint finishes while providing texture and pattern to the wall surface. • The most widely used wallcoverings for commercial use are vinyl's. • There is a classification system used to compare all types of commercial wallcovering. • This is the ASTM F793 Standard Classification of Wallcoverings by Durability Characteristics.
  19. 19. Materials & Backings Vinyl: • scrim, a loosely woven fabric backing used on Type I vinyls • Osnaburg, a loose open weave fabric used on Type II vinyls • Drill, a dense woven fabric with good dimensional stability used on Type II and Type III vinyls • Nonwoven, a paperlike backing used on Type I vinyls. Wood Veneer: bonding wood veneer (about 1/64" thick) to a woven backing material. Textiles: paper backing or a latex coating Fiberglass: a fiberglass fabric that is applied to a backing. Fiberglass wallcoverings must be painted after they are installed. Wallpaper: paper wallcoverings are generally restricted to residential use because of fragility and poor wear resistance.
  20. 20.  Wood comes in the form of paneling, plank and veneer, etc. It provides warmth and is a good insulator but it tends to fade and is flammable. As a designer, you must verify code compliance before installing it in commercial applications.
  21. 21. Wood Panelling It is a decorative treatment done with wooden panels on the walls in various designs. The material used can be plywood or wood covered with veneer or laminate. Metro Decoratives Pvt.Ltd. 451, Sarojini Colony, Yamuna Nagar Haryana Asad Crafts Green Park, Eidgah Road, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh Indiaplywood A-1/104, Sec-6, Rohini, New Delhi The Mark Impex 12/1857/1, Sarai Gariba, Purani Mandi, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
  22. 22. •Paneling is a wall covering constructed from rigid or semi-rigid components. These are traditionally interlocking wood. • The panels served to insulate the room from the cold. •Wood is a useful, elegant and refined material which was used all the time for different pieces of furniture, decorative items. ADVANTAGE: • Easy to Install Wood paneling comes in a variety of styles that are typically easy to install. Tongue- and-groove is a type of paneling in which one end of the board, a small piece called a tongue, sticks out, and on the other side a groove is cut into the wood. The tongue- and-groove pieces are joined together to form a strong and invisible seam. V-joint paneling is a style in which the panels are joined together to form a V-shape. Both tongue-and-groove and V-joint panels that are ready to install. • Long-Lasting Wood panels can last a long time when cared for properly. We can use a variety of paints, varnishes and stains to seal the wood and protect it for years to come. In addition, you can change the color by painting over the existing color or by adding a different stain, both of which increase the life of the panels. With proper cleaning, routine maintenance like filling holes and painting, staining or varnishing, wood paneling can last 10 to 20 years with ease.
  23. 23. • Waterproof We can make wood panels waterproof with the application of a silicone sealant. Install waterproof panels in bathrooms in place of standard ceramic tiles. Since wood panels do not require grout to install, the surfaces can be wiped down or cleaned without using bleach or other harsh chemicals that grout requires. Use mild dishwashing detergent or chlorine-free bleach mixed with a water solution to clean the caulk. • Environmentally Friendly Bamboo veneer is an environmentally friendly choice for wood panels.. • Wipe clean surface, No grout to discolor, Inhibits condensation, Insulates the walls thermally, Insulates the walls acoustically, Little/no preparation of the walls required, Will not rot. DISADVANTAGE: The only real disadvantage of wall paneling is the fact that there is a slightly limited choice of colors compared to some other forms of wall covering. Fire prone. Maintenance problem.
  24. 24. Laminate Finish Laminate comes in various colours and designs. It comes in the form of sheet and is pasted with fevicol on Plywood. Vee Jay Coir & Carpets B-2, Housing Society South Extention Part-1, Gurudwara Road Kotla Mubarakpur, Delhi. www.floorings-india.com Drapes and Interiors Plot No.-112, Industrial Area,Ph-2, Panchkula, Haryana www.vistadistributor.in Virgin India INC J3/137B, Rajouri Garden Delhi Laminated Wooden Flooring B-7-B, Kalkaji, New Delhi
  25. 25.  Standard Wallpaper Types Wallpapers are usually identified by their surface layers. The most common types are: Paper: This is the traditional product, made of paper and used most frequently in restoration work. It’s not as durable as vinyl-based products
  26. 26. • Vinyl-coated: Made with a paper backing that is sprayed with a vinyl or acrylic coating, this is a step up in durability from plain paper and is suitable for every room in your house. • Coated fabric: This product has a fabric backing that is coated with liquid vinyl. Coated fabric paper is used most frequently in living rooms and bedrooms, and less so in moister areas such as kitchens and baths. • • Natural fibers: These papers are made of materials, such as seagrass, sisal, wool, and cotton, that are laminated onto a paper backing. They can add a very distinctive look but should be used only in low-traffic, no-moisture areas.
  27. 27. Step 1: Prep the Area Step 2: Check for Blemishes Blemishes will show up more clearly through wallpaper than through paint. To check for blemishes, direct the beam of a flashlight along the wall. Blemishes such as paint spatters will stand out clearly. Smooth such blemishes with sandpaper. Feel the wall for depressions and fill them in with drywall compound Step 3: Measure and Cut the Wallpaper Examine the design of the wallpaper and determine where you want the pattern to meet the ceiling. Measure out a length of wallpaper approximately 6" longer than the wall. Make a small mark just above the point where you want the wallpaper to reach the ceiling or crown molding. Step 4: Activate the Adhesive Step 5: Hang the First Piece
  28. 28. Step 6: Check the Corners for Wrinkles and Smooth Out the Wallpaper Step 7: Hang the Remaining Pieces Hang the second piece, starting at the top. Line up the seams as closely as possible, and try to match the patterns exactly. Smooth the second piece as in the previous step. Continue with each piece in the same manner Step 8: Trim the Edges
  29. 29. Negative features of wallpapers The edges are not so clear when joind at edges They are costly They are less durable as compare to paints They have to be pasted well if not some air bubble can generate They have to be matched properly Should me properly maintained so that childerns don’t tear them off Telephone: 01254. 668185 or 01254. 689253 Fax: 01254 691125 Companies & manufactures Mike may wallpaper Marshal MISHA handmade wallpapers Asian wallpapers
  30. 30. SPECIFICATIONS Dimensions: 27 inches X 9 yds Match Type: Straight match Good Light fastness Strippable Acrylic Coated Screen Printed Washable Pre-trimmed Price: $76.00 Details This high-style wallcovering collection is based on the Hollywood glamour of the 1920’s and reinterpreted with a twist for today’s home. Vintage leaves trail on soft shimmery grounds, faux sequins softly glitter, and the silhouette interpretation of the chandelier on an ombre background lends drama. Colors range from sophisticated high contrast black and white, to a range of mid-tone hues: caramel, dove grey, rosy pinks, soft golds and lavender. Some of the collection highlights include the classic Greek Key border reinterpreted as a panel design and attachable jewels that can be applied to the sunburst pattern for that extra sparkle! Sophisticated vintage with a touch of whimsy, this is Modern Chic.
  31. 31. MIO'S MODULAR 3D WALLPAPER Create pattern variation by rotating the tiles or painting them. The lightweight recycled paper modules can be installed temporarily with double stick tape or permanently with wallpaper paste. A box of 12 tiles (12” x 12” x 2 1/4”) sell for about $32. Modular 3D Wallpaper is a new concept in surface coverings that gives individuals the ability to customize and re-define space on a budget.
  32. 32.  Designers: Mike & Jennifer Tuttle • Wall Flats are Inhabit's take on a modern, eco-friendly wallpaper. • A modern embossed three-dimensional wallcovering that is good for the environment. • Wall Flats are made from 100% bamboo pulp, one of the world’s most renewable resources. No trees were harmed in the making of this product:) They are a sustainable wallcovering that is free of chemicals and will not be a burden to the environment at the end of it's lifecycle, since the tiles are 100% bio-degradable. • Wall Flats are designed to expand in any direction with an automatic pattern They can be installed, trimmed and painted with commonly available products and tools. Scraps are biodegradable and can be recycled with other paper products or composted. Wall Flats nest inside each other to create low volume cartons and easily ship with common small parcel carriers. Wall Flats are sold by the box and contains 10 tiles that cover 22.5 sq ft
  33. 33. Mirror Stickers Wall Stickers can give etching effect to any plain ordinary glass. It can be instantly fixed on to the existing or newly installed glass and are available in wide range of colored pattern and various etching effects. These are cost effective and easy to install. It can be removed and replaced with a new design, to give a new look after few years.
  34. 34. Acrylic Wall Mirrors are the newest "trend" in wall decals and are a great way to add some funky decor to your home. Suitable for bathroom, bedroom or just as wall decoration in living areas, wall mirrors can be used for any purpose. Plus, they are more cost-effective and and much easier to install than conventional mirrors. All you need to do is to remove the cover paper on the back and the mirror will stick right to your wall. Display Size: 40x60cm (sheet size) Type: Mirror Decal (Acrylic
  35. 35. Mirror stickers by Shree floor prints , New Delhi Tonka The Interioz Delhi Wholesaler of wall stickers.
  36. 36. Blinds Blinds can be pleasing to the eye, with regular lines to make each window uniform, when viewed from either inside or outside your home. Blinds offer a wide selection of colors and style. When carefully designed, blinds can give you privacy from neighbors as well as almost complete blockage of light for the daytime sleeper or those long summer days. Some blinds will help keep the heat in your house in the winter and the sunlight out in the summer, making them a great energy saver. While fabric window treatments are difficult to clean themselves and if puddled on the floor, difficult to clean around, blinds don't interfere with vacuuming, and with some newer applications of paint, can actually discourage dust from settling on them
  37. 37. Type of blinds • Vertical Blinds • Roller Blinds • Florette Blinds • Duette Blinds • Venetian Blinds • Bamboo Blinds • Roman Blinds
  38. 38.   Vertical blinds feature soft louvers that provides elegant styling  have excellent sound absorption.  can be easily fitted and effective for small or large windows.  Because the fabric louvers can be opened and closed as well as rotated they are efficient at managing the level of light allowed into your room.  Provide a tight, symmetrical fit for smooth, quiet performance.  Most vertical blinds come in fabrics that are machine washable and flame retardant Negative features Generally made of fabrics so have to get washed time to time. If sometime blinds not work properly or get some fault then we can see one or two gaps in the window covers.
  39. 39.  • Positive features • Roller blinds are easy to install. • Roller blinds shades come in different fabrics, colors and style. • Look sleek and smart • Easy to handle and maintain. • fabrics that are machine washable. • flame retardant • solar reflective, stain & moisture resistant fabrics available Negative features Get dirty very easily Cant manage lighting properly
  40. 40. THANK YOU

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