Various country-level factors affect the functioning of governments and their services, influencing the existence and prevalence of public sector corruption. A non-exhaustive list of factors includes: Country size Studies show that geographically large countries with sparse populations can be more prone to corruption as it becomes increasingly challenging to monitor remote officials (Goel & Nelson, 2010). Country age Newly independent countries, or those that have recently transitioned from authoritarian regimes to democracies, are likely to experience more corruption due, for example, to underdeveloped government systems and rent-seeking opportunities created by the privatization of state-owned assets. (Goel and Nelson, 2010). In the context of crime, rent-seeking means using public funds to increase a share of existing wealth without creating new wealth for the state.