2. Please take out a blank sheet of paper and label it 1-10
In the following slides we will have pictures of houses
If you believe the house is in the suburbs mark it with
If you believe that the house is in an urban setting
mark it with a U
13. Economic measure of a person’s income, education
and occupation related to other people
Poverty line: Family of four living on $23,550
14. While there are many laws that govern the way in which
our schools operate, The National School Lunch Program is
one of them that is directly linked to a students particular
Socio-economic status in the community.
Students who qualify for this program are often entitled to
free and reduced priced lunches offered by their school.
In order to qualify for this program students must register
with the NSLP and they in turn subsidize the school lunch
programs in order for them to continue to operate within
their State regulated budgets.
Socio-economic Status & The Law
15. Other Laws that are effected by a students S.E.S classification are often
done so indirectly.
Laws regarding Student immunization are often broken in lower socio-
economic areas due to limited or no access to health care. Although
there usually alternatives provided by the State these laws are often
broken and result in higher incidence of preventable illness amongst
student populations on lower S.E.S areas, such as hep B.
Additionally the law surrounding compulsory attendance is often
another law that is broken more frequently in lower S.E.S. areas in NYS
as there is pressure on some students to drop out of school and work to
help support family members economically.
Although there are attempts to enforce this law, students are often
able to work around these and escape attempts to enforce these laws
as there are a high number of incidences all happening at once.
16. All of Monroe county has a population of 774,549
People living in poverty: 109,212 (15%)
18 and younger: 36,798 (22%)
Discrimination between race
African American: 36.1%
49% of students are eligible for free or reduced lunch
Poverty Statistics for Rochester N.Y.
17. Action for a better community
Rochester youth year
All of these programs are designed to help low-income
Community Programs in Rochester
18. Mission Statement:
Action for a Better Community is a Community Action
Agency that promotes and provides opportunities for
low-income individuals and families to become self-
Action for a Better Community
19. Action for a Better Community
Milestone Youth Advocacy
20. Rochester Youth Year takes graduates from area
colleges and allows them to make changes and
positive impacts on the Rochester community.
Alleviating the effects of poverty on youth
Promoting civic engagement and community-
Rochester Youth Year
21. The College at Brockport
Roberts Wesleyan College
Rochester Institute of Technology
ST. JOHN FISHER!!
University of Rochester
23. Mission Statement
Path Stone builds family and individual self-sufficiency
by strengthening farmworker, rural and urban
communities. Path Stone promotes social justice
through programs and advocacy.
Has services in Indiana, Vermont, Ohio, Virginia,
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Puerto Rico, and New York
24. Rochester Services
Home Buyer Post-Purchase
Home Buyer Pre-Purchase
NYSERDA Assisted Home
Low Income Taxpayer Clinic
Main St. Construction
Marketview Heights Collective
Property Management Services
25. Research indicates that children from low-SES households and communities
develop academic skills more slowly compared to children from higher SES
groups (Morgan, Farkas, Hillemeier, & Maczuga, 2009). School conditions
contribute more to SES differences in learning rates than family characteristics.
The school systems in low-SES communities are often under-resourced,
negatively affecting students’ academic progress.
A teacher’s years of experience and quality of training is correlated with
children’s academic achievement (Gimbert, Bol, & Wallace, 2007). Yet, children
in low income schools are less likely to have well-qualified teachers.
A focus on improving teaching and learning, creation of an information-rich
environment, building of a learning community, continuous professional
development, involvement of parents, and increased funding and resources
have been found to improve the quality of schools in low-SES neighborhoods.
Socioeconomic Status Affect on School
26. Children from low-SES environments acquire language skills more slowly, exhibit delayed
letter recognition and phonological awareness, and are at risk for reading difficulties;
however, children with higher SES backgrounds were more likely to be proficient on tasks
of addition, subtraction, sequencing, and math word problems than children with lower
SES backgrounds (Aikens & Barbarin, 2008).
Family structure and educational expectations have important associations with SES,
race/ethnicity, and with young children’s test scores, though their impacts on cognitive
skills are much smaller than either race or SES. Although 15% of white children live with
only one parent, 54% of black and 27% of Hispanic children live in single-parent homes.
Similarly, 48% of families in the lowest SES rank are headed by a single parent, compared
to only 10% of families in the highest rank.
Inadequate education and increased dropout rates affect children’s academic
achievement, perpetuating the low-SES status of the community. Improving school
systems and early intervention programs may help to reduce these risk factors.
Socioeconomic Affect on Student
27. Unresolved issues
Health: diet, infectious disease
Access to Health Care Services
Quality and stability of
28. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.abcinfo.org/
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/13poverty.cfm
(n.d.). Retrieved from
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.youthyear.org/
Neighbor Works. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pathstone.org/