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You can contextualize
the gospel in the
language of 

...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Definitions of honor and shame
• Basic differences b...
DEFINITIONS
HONOR: “the worth or 

value of persons both in 

their eyes and in the eyes of 

their village, neighborhood,...
SHAME: “the intensely
painful feeling or
experience of believing that
we are flawed and therefore
unworthy of love and
bel...
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
North

America
Europe
Australia & 

New Zealand
Western
World
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
North

America
Europe
Australia & 

New Zealand
Western
World
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
Majority World
Innocence/guilt vs
honor/shame
Majority World
Very general

comparison
Majority 

World
Western 

World
Very general

comparison
Majority 

World
Western 

World
Equality
Individual
Very general

comparison
Majority 

World
Western 

World
Equality
Individual
Hierarchy
Group
There’s a lot more about shame
in the Bible than guilt
Majority 

World
Western 

World
0
100
200
300
400
Guilt-based words Shame-based words
Old Testament
New Testament
Guilt
Shame
References to Guilt vs. Sham...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
A classic 

Bible text on
contextualization…
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
(19) For though I am free from all, I have made myself...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
How can the gospel “come alive”
in all these different...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
contextualization—
The dynamic and
comprehensive proce...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
contextualization—
… This happens in such a way that
t...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Here’s a way of thinking about
contextualization based...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Great blog:
jacksonwu.org
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Jackson Wu’s 

Figure 1
From Jackson Wu...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology
From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s ...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology
From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s ...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology Cultural

Context
Jackson Wu’s...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology Cultural

Context
Area 1: One’...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Area 2: The culture has accepted biblical
categories a...
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Area 3: Values and beliefs are consistent
with biblica...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Area 4: One’s theology is accepted by the
cultural con...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Area 5: Beliefs are part of one’s theology,
but are ne...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Area 6: Beliefs and values in the cultural
context are...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology Cultural

Context
1 2
3
45 6
A...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Biblical Truth
Theology Cultural

Context
1 2
3
45 6
A...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Example of a 

blind spot
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Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological Seminar...
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In fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks used...
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This is clearly an area where systematic theology
must...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
0
100
200
300
400
Guilt-based words Shame-based words
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
0
100
200
300
400
Guilt-based words Shame-based words
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Canopy of Biblical Truth
Spectrums of Biblical-Cultura...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
Canopy of Bib...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Canopy of Biblical Truth
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glory to God glory for humanity
Canopy of Biblical Tru...
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glory to God glory for humanity
justice for oppressed
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
glory to God glory for humanity
justice for oppressed
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
glory to God glory for humanity
justice for oppressed
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
glory to God glory for humanity
justice for oppressed
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
glory to God glory for humanity
justice for oppressed
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Could it be we have 

multiple
blind spots
?
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“We must start with the basic fact
that there is no su...
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Let’s look at an example of
a gospel presentation whic...
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The Four Spiritual Laws
© CRU (Campus Crusade for Chri...
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Four Spiritual Laws
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Four Spiritual Laws
narrative
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Four Spiritual Laws
propositionalnarrative
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Four Spiritual Laws
propositionalnarrative
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Four Spiritual Laws
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Four Spiritual Laws
regal
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Four Spiritual Laws
legalregal
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Four Spiritual Laws
legalregal
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Four Spiritual Laws
legalregal
justice for
oppressed /...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
legalregal
justice for
oppressed /...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
legalregal
justice for
oppressed /...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
concrete
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Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
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Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
glory

to God
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
glory for

humani...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
glory for

humani...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
abstractconcrete
glory for

humani...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
familial
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
individualfamilial
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
individualfamilial
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
honor /

shame
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
innocence /
guilt /
honor /

shame
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
innocence /
guilt /
honor /

shame
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
innocence /
guilt /
honor /

shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
innocence /
guilt /
honor /

shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Four Spiritual Laws
innocence /
guilt /
honor /

shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
“Every interpretation 

of the gospel 

is embodied in...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
Who will have their honor restored?
TheFather’sLove
A story told
by Jesus Christ
Luke 15:11–32
There was a man
who had two sons.
The younger son said
to his father,
“Give me now the part
of your property that
I am sup...
So the father divided
his wealth between
his two sons.
Not long after that,
the younger son sold
his share of the property...
There he wasted his
money living like a fool.
After he spent
everything he had,
there was a terrible
famine [lack of food]...
So he went and got a job
with one of the people
who lived there.
The man sent him into
the fields to feed pigs.
He was so ...
The son realized that he
had been very foolish.
He thought,
“All my father’s hired
workers have
plenty of food.
But here I...
“I will leave and go to my
father. I will say to him:
‘Father, I have sinned
against God and have
done wrong to you.
I am ...
So he left and
went to his father.
But while the son
was still a
long
way
off,
Whatdoesthesonthinkthat
hisfatherwilldotohi...
his father saw
him coming and felt
sorry for him. So he ran
to him and hugged
and kissed him.
Whataretheneighborsthinking?...
The son said,
“Father, I have sinned
against God and have
done wrong to you.
I am no longer worthy to
be called your son.”...
But the father called
to his servants,“Hurry!
Bring the best clothes
and put them on him.
Also, put a ring on his
finger a...
“My son was dead,
but now he is alive again!
He was lost,
but now he is found!”
So they began to
have a party.
The older s...
He would not go in
to the party.
So his father went out and
begged him to come in.
But he said to his father,
“Look, for a...
“But then this son of yours
comes home after wasting
your money on prostitutes,
and you kill the best
calf for him!”
His f...
Howdidthefathershowsufferinglove
tobothhisyoungersonandolderson?
v
YOUNGER SON
Rebellious Sinner
OLDER SON
Religious Sinne...
Rebellious
Sinner
Religious
Sinner
Thefatherwasdishonoredandhurtbybothsons.Butbecauseoflovefor
bothsons,thefathersuffereds...
“Jesus answered,
‘I am the way,
and the truth,
and the life.
Theonlywaytothe
Fatheristhroughme.’”
(John14:6)
JESUS CHRIST ...
Do you want victory over sin and shame? The honor of being a child of God?
To have eternal life? Turn from your sin and fo...
WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—
bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!
“So God raised Him up to the ...
WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—
bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!
“So God raised Him up to the ...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
The Seed of the Gospel
The concept of seed, kernel and...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
“since you have been born again, 

not of perishable s...
The faith as understood and canonized in the
Western church ... was the unalloyed kernel; 

[on the other hand] the cultur...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Kernel
Husk
The Seed of the Gospel
The concept of seed...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Gospel
Husk embodies 

the gospel
Traditional view of
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Gospel
Husk embodies 

the gospel
Traditional
contextu...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Husk embodies 

the gospel
{
Gospel
Traditional
contex...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Husk embodies 

the gospel
{
Gospel
Traditional
contex...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Husk embodies 

the gospel
{
Contextualize
• language
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Husk embodies 

the gospel
{
Contextualize
• language
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Husk embodies 

the gospel
{
Contextualize
• language
...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Contextualize the husk
Gospel
Contextualize
• langua...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Contextualize the husk
Gospel
Contextualize
• langua...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Contextualize the husk
Gospel
Contextualize
• langua...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Contextualize the husk
Gospel
Contextualize
• langua...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
• Contextualize the husk
Gospel
Contextualize
• langua...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Gospel
Let us also learn to
contextualize
the gospel i...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Gospel
Let us also learn to
contextualize
the gospel i...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
narrative / oral propositional / written
honor / shame...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
PATRONAGE
BODY
LA
NGUAGE
CONCEPT OF FACE CHALLENGE
&
R...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
“The gospel is already 

contextualized 

for honor/sh...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Free resources to learn more
about honor and shame
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
30-page article: “Honor & Shame 

in Cross-Cultural Re...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Key blogs
honorshame.com
jacksonwu.org
wernermischke.o...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
honorshame.com
jacksonwu.org
wernermischke.org
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Who will have their honor restored?
TheFather’sLove
A ...
© 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org
Contact
Werner Mischke: werner@mission1.org
Blog: wern...
You CAN contextualize the gospel in the language of honor and shame
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You CAN contextualize the gospel in the language of honor and shame

• Definitions of honor and shame
• Basic differences between guilt/innocence and 
honor/shame cultures
• What does it mean to contextualize the gospel?
• Where do we have a blind spot concerning honor and shame in Western theology?
• How the gospel is embodied by culture, and what it means to “assume the gospel”
• Comparison of “The Four Spiritual Laws” with the “Father’s Love Gospel Booklet”

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You CAN contextualize the gospel in the language of honor and shame

  1. 1. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org You can contextualize the gospel in the language of 
 honor and shame ISI Regional Training Conference Phoenix Seminary / Phoenix, Arizona March 17, 2015
  2. 2. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Definitions of honor and shame • Basic differences between guilt/innocence and 
 honor/shame cultures • What does it mean to contextualize the gospel? • Where do we have a blind spot concerning honor and shame in Western theology? • How the gospel is embodied by culture, and what it means to “assume the gospel” • Comparison of “The Four Spiritual Laws” with the “Father’s Love Gospel Booklet” You can contextualize the gospel 
 in the language of honor and shame
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS HONOR: “the worth or 
 value of persons both in 
 their eyes and in the eyes of 
 their village, neighborhood, 
 or society.” … “The critical item 
 is the public nature of respect 
 and reputation.” –Jerome Neyrey
  4. 4. SHAME: “the intensely painful feeling or experience of believing that we are flawed and therefore unworthy of love and belonging” … “the fear of disconnection.” –Brené Brown DEFINITIONS
  5. 5. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame
  6. 6. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame
  7. 7. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame North
 America Europe Australia & 
 New Zealand Western World
  8. 8. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame North
 America Europe Australia & 
 New Zealand Western World
  9. 9. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame Majority World
  10. 10. Innocence/guilt vs honor/shame Majority World
  11. 11. Very general
 comparison Majority 
 World Western 
 World
  12. 12. Very general
 comparison Majority 
 World Western 
 World Equality Individual
  13. 13. Very general
 comparison Majority 
 World Western 
 World Equality Individual Hierarchy Group
  14. 14. There’s a lot more about shame in the Bible than guilt Majority 
 World Western 
 World
  15. 15. 0 100 200 300 400 Guilt-based words Shame-based words Old Testament New Testament Guilt Shame References to Guilt vs. Shame
 in the Bible SOURCE: Timothy C. Tennent: Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93
  16. 16. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org A classic 
 Bible text on contextualization…
  17. 17. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org (19) For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. (20) To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. (21) To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. (22) To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. (23) I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings. 1 Corinthians 9:19–23 ESV
  18. 18. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org How can the gospel “come alive” in all these different cultural contexts, and still be the same authentic gospel? That is the problem of contextualization. –Lesslie Newbigin, 
 The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144
  19. 19. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org contextualization— The dynamic and comprehensive process by which the gospel is incarnated within a concrete historical or cultural situation. … Dean Flemming: Contextualization in the New Testament: Patterns for Theology and Mission 
 (Kindle Locations 123-126). Kindle Edition. ‘‘
  20. 20. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org contextualization— … This happens in such a way that the gospel both comes to authentic expression in the local context and 
 at the same time prophetically transforms the context. Contextualization seeks to enable the people of God to live out the gospel in obedience to Christ within their own cultures and circumstances. Dean Flemming: Contextualization in the New Testament: Patterns for Theology and Mission 
 (Kindle Locations 123-126). Kindle Edition. ‘‘ ’’
  21. 21. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Here’s a way of thinking about contextualization based on ideas from Jackson Wu’s book:
 Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame
  22. 22. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Great blog: jacksonwu.org
  23. 23. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  24. 24. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53. Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1
  25. 25. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53. Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 Note: The totality of Biblical truth is 
 always higher and greater than one’s theology.
  26. 26. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  27. 27. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context Area 1: One’s theology is biblical and correct but a culture rejects the truth. 1 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  28. 28. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Area 2: The culture has accepted biblical categories and values (perhaps unknowingly), but which are outside of one’s theology. Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1
  29. 29. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Area 3: Values and beliefs are consistent with biblical truth, one’s theology and the cultural context. Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  30. 30. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Area 4: One’s theology is accepted by the cultural context, but is outside of biblical truth. Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 4 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  31. 31. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Area 5: Beliefs are part of one’s theology, but are neither biblical nor overlap with the cultural context. Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 45 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  32. 32. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Area 6: Beliefs and values in the cultural context are neither biblical nor a part of one’s theology. Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 45 6 Jackson Wu’s 
 Figure 1 From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.
  33. 33. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 45 6 Area 2: The culture has accepted 
 biblical categories and values (perhaps unknowingly), but which are outside of one’s theology. What are some values from other cultures which might fit into 
 Area 2 ? • honor/shame • respect for ancestors • familial piety
  34. 34. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Biblical Truth Theology Cultural
 Context 1 2 3 45 6 Area 2: The culture has accepted biblical categories and values (perhaps unknowingly), but which are outside of one’s theology. Area 2 is 
 where 
 “blind spots” occur
  35. 35. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Example of a 
 blind spot
  36. 36. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological Seminary
 Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93 Since Western systematic theology has been almost exclusively written by theologians from cultures framed primarily by the values of guilt and innocence, there has been a corresponding failure to fully appreciate the importance of the pivotal values of honor and shame in understanding Scripture and the doctrine of sin. Bruce Nichols, the founder of the “Evangelical Review of Theology,” has acknowledged this problem, noting that Christian theologians have “rarely if ever stressed salvation as honoring God, exposure of sin as shame, and the need for acceptance as the restoration of honor.”* ‘‘ *Bruce Nicholls: “The Role of Shame and Guilt in a Theology of Cross-Cultural Mission,” Evangelical Review of Theology 25, no. 3, (2001): 232.
  37. 37. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org In fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks used in teaching systematic theology across the major theological traditions reveals that although the indexes are filled with references to guilt, the word “shame” appears in the index of only one of these textbooks. This omission continues to persist despite the fact that the term guilt and its various derivatives occur 145 times in the Old Testament and 10 times in the New Testament, whereas the term shame and its derivatives occur nearly 300 times in the Old Testament and 45 times in the New Testament.” ‘‘ Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological Seminary
 Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93
  38. 38. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org This is clearly an area where systematic theology must be challenged to reflect more adequately the testimony of Scripture. I am confident that a more biblical understanding of human identity outside of Christ that is framed by guilt, fear, and shame will, in turn, stimulate a more profound and comprehensive appreciation for the work of Christ on the cross. This approach will also greatly help peoples in the Majority World to understand the significance and power of Christ’s work, which has heretofore been 
 told primarily from only one perspective. ‘‘ Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological Seminary
 Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93 ’’Timothy C. Tennent: Theology in the Context of World Christianity: How the Global Church Is Influencing the Way We Think about and Discuss Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007) p. 92–93
  39. 39. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org 0 100 200 300 400 Guilt-based words Shame-based words Old Testament New Testament Guilt Shame References to Guilt 
 vs. Shame in the Bible
  40. 40. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org 0 100 200 300 400 Guilt-based words Shame-based words Old Testament New Testament Guilt Shame References to Guilt 
 vs. Shame in the Bible Could it be we have a blind spot?
  41. 41. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or poverty / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  42. 42. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  43. 43. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  44. 44. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  45. 45. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  46. 46. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  47. 47. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  48. 48. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  49. 49. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  50. 50. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  51. 51. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  52. 52. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Canopy of Biblical Truth
  53. 53. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  54. 54. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity justice for oppressed
 justice for oppressor acceptance of injustice Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  55. 55. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity justice for oppressed
 justice for oppressor acceptance of injustice subjective / emotional objective / intellectual Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  56. 56. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity justice for oppressed
 justice for oppressor acceptance of injustice subjective / emotional objective / intellectual everyday / local cosmic / universal Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  57. 57. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity justice for oppressed
 justice for oppressor acceptance of injustice subjective / emotional objective / intellectual everyday / local cosmic / universal Israel relativized Israel prioritized Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  58. 58. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org glory to God glory for humanity justice for oppressed
 justice for oppressor acceptance of injustice subjective / emotional objective / intellectual everyday / local cosmic / universal Israel relativized Israel prioritized romantic / desire militant / duty Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2
  59. 59. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Could it be we have 
 multiple blind spots ?
  60. 60. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org “We must start with the basic fact that there is no such thing as a pure gospel if by that is meant something which is not embodied in a culture. … Every interpretation of the gospel is embodied in some cultural form.” –Lesslie Newbigin, 
 The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144
  61. 61. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Let’s look at an example of a gospel presentation which is embodied in the cultural form of Western American evangelicalism:
  62. 62. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org The Four Spiritual Laws © CRU (Campus Crusade for Christ). 
 Taken from http://www.campuscrusade.com/fourlawseng.htm Let’s look at an example of a gospel presentation which is embodied in the cultural form of Western American evangelicalism:
  63. 63. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws
  64. 64. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws narrative
  65. 65. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws propositionalnarrative
  66. 66. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws propositionalnarrative
  67. 67. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws
  68. 68. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws regal
  69. 69. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws legalregal
  70. 70. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws legalregal
  71. 71. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws legalregal justice for oppressed /
 justice to oppressor
  72. 72. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws legalregal justice for oppressed /
 justice to oppressor acceptance
 of injustice
  73. 73. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws legalregal justice for oppressed /
 justice to oppressor acceptance
 of injustice
  74. 74. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws
  75. 75. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws concrete
  76. 76. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete
  77. 77. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete
  78. 78. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete glory
 to God
  79. 79. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete glory for
 humanity glory
 to God
  80. 80. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete glory for
 humanity glory
 to God
  81. 81. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws abstractconcrete glory for
 humanity glory
 to God
  82. 82. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws
  83. 83. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws familial
  84. 84. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws individualfamilial
  85. 85. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws individualfamilial
  86. 86. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws
  87. 87. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws honor /
 shame
  88. 88. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws innocence / guilt / honor /
 shame
  89. 89. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws innocence / guilt / honor /
 shame
  90. 90. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws innocence / guilt / honor /
 shame assumes suffering /
 vulnerability
  91. 91. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws innocence / guilt / honor /
 shame assumes
 stability assumes suffering /
 vulnerability
  92. 92. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Four Spiritual Laws innocence / guilt / honor /
 shame assumes
 stability assumes suffering /
 vulnerability
  93. 93. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org “Every interpretation 
 of the gospel 
 is embodied in some cultural form.” –Lesslie Newbigin, 
 The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144 Again…
  94. 94. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  95. 95. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  96. 96. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  97. 97. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  98. 98. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  99. 99. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western ? Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  100. 100. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth ? Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  101. 101. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth ? Are there ways to present the gospel of Jesus Christ using cultural forms and values which resonate more deeply with Majority World cultures? Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  102. 102. Who will have their honor restored? TheFather’sLove A story told by Jesus Christ Luke 15:11–32
  103. 103. There was a man who had two sons. The younger son said to his father, “Give me now the part of your property that I am supposed to receive someday.” Jesus Christ told many beautiful stories and parables. Perhaps this is the most famous: Whatmadetheyoungerson’sdemand soinsultingandhurtful? Scripture quotations are fromThe Holy Bible, Easy-To-ReadVersion (ERV), Copyright © 2006 byWorldTranslation Center. Drawings Copyright © Robert H. Flores. www.bibleartbooks.com
  104. 104. So the father divided his wealth between his two sons. Not long after that, the younger son sold his share of the property and left home with the money. He traveled far away to another country. Whatwillthesondointhefarcountry? Whydidthefatheragree tohisrequest?
  105. 105. There he wasted his money living like a fool. After he spent everything he had, there was a terrible famine [lack of food] throughout the country. He was hungry and needed money. Whywerehisactionssobad?
  106. 106. So he went and got a job with one of the people who lived there. The man sent him into the fields to feed pigs. He was so hungry that he wanted to eat the food the pigs were eating. But no one gave him anything. Whatwillthesondonow? Howishetryingtostayalive?
  107. 107. The son realized that he had been very foolish. He thought, “All my father’s hired workers have plenty of food. But here I am, almost dead because I have nothing to eat.” Whydidhefinallygainhumility?
  108. 108. “I will leave and go to my father. I will say to him: ‘Father, I have sinned against God and have done wrong to you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son. But let me be like one of your hired workers.’” Whenhegetshome,whatshouldhisfatherdo? Isthereawayout? Stay here? Go home and be a slave? Steal the pigs? ?
  109. 109. So he left and went to his father. But while the son was still a long way off, Whatdoesthesonthinkthat hisfatherwilldotohim?
  110. 110. his father saw him coming and felt sorry for him. So he ran to him and hugged and kissed him. Whataretheneighborsthinking? Astheneighborswerewatching, howdidthefatherprotecthis sonfrombeingshamed? Itwasabigshameonthefather toruntohisson!
  111. 111. The son said, “Father, I have sinned against God and have done wrong to you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.” Whatdoestheyoungersonneed?
  112. 112. But the father called to his servants,“Hurry! Bring the best clothes and put them on him. Also, put a ring on his finger and good sandals on his feet. And bring our best calf and kill it so that we can celebrate with plenty to eat.” Thefathercalledforabigpartyto honorhisyoungerson.Why?
  113. 113. “My son was dead, but now he is alive again! He was lost, but now he is found!” So they began to have a party. The older son had been out in the field. When he came near the house, he heard the sound of music and dancing.Thefather’spartyforhissonwouldhave surprisedthepeopleinthevillage.Why?
  114. 114. He would not go in to the party. So his father went out and begged him to come in. But he said to his father, “Look, for all these years I have worked like a slave for you. I have always done what you told me to do, and you never gave me even a young goat for a party with my friends.Howdidtheoldersoninsulthisfather?
  115. 115. “But then this son of yours comes home after wasting your money on prostitutes, and you kill the best calf for him!” His father said to him, “Oh, my son, you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. But this was a day to be happy and celebrate.Your brother was dead, but now he is alive. He was lost, but now he is found.” Howdidbothsonsdishonorthefather? Itwasabigshameonthefather tohavetoleavetheparty. Buthetalked inagentleway withhisson. Whatkindoffatherishe?
  116. 116. Howdidthefathershowsufferinglove tobothhisyoungersonandolderson? v YOUNGER SON Rebellious Sinner OLDER SON Religious Sinner He insulted his father by rejection, He insulted his father by hating the greed, and foolish actions. forgiveness given to his brother. He was lost in a far-away land. Later, He was lost at home. He never left his he returned in humility and sorrow. father, but he was full of ugly pride. Turning from his dirty sin and shame, Thinking he had no sin and shame, he humbled himself before his father. he argued, and accused his father. He received the father’s love; his He never knew the greatness of the shame was covered, his honor restored. father’s love and mercy. He entered into the father’s house He stayed outside the father’s house for the great party. during the great party. Jesus said, “I tell you, it will be the same in heaven.There will be great joy when one sinner turns away from sin.Yes, there will be more joy than for 99 godly people who do not need to turn away from their sins.” (Luke 15:7 NIRV)
  117. 117. Rebellious Sinner Religious Sinner Thefatherwasdishonoredandhurtbybothsons.Butbecauseoflovefor bothsons,thefathersufferedshametohealhisrelationshipwiththem. Jesusisteaching: God is like a father willing to suffer shame for us. As humans, we ALL have sinned, insulting our glorious Creator God. And, “When people sin, they earn what sin pays– death…”(Romans 6:23). Still, He loves us somuch,thatHesufferstocoverourshameandgiveusHishonor! Howcanitbe,that because of love, Almighty God would suffer to coveroursinandshameand give us His righteousnessandhonor? Isthereaway,today,to have the honor of joining God’s great family– and know for sure the honor of entering heaven’s great party?
  118. 118. “Jesus answered, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life. Theonlywaytothe Fatheristhroughme.’” (John14:6) JESUS CHRIST was perfect, pure, holy. But He died in public at the hands of sinful men. The Bible says that Jesus was shamed, nailed to a wooden cross. After He died, His body was put in a tomb. Butthreedayslater,God raisedHimfromdeathinhighesthonor! JESUS DEFEATED SIN, SHAME, DEATH. He died on the cross, suffering shame for all peoples. But in rising from death, Jesus defeatedsinandshameforus. And when we believeinJesus,followingHimdaybyday,we can truly live in victory over sin and shame! GLORIOUS LOVE. “But Christ died for us while we were still sinners, and by this God showed how much He loves us.” (Romans5:8)
  119. 119. Do you want victory over sin and shame? The honor of being a child of God? To have eternal life? Turn from your sin and follow Jesus. Prayhonestly: “Jesus,You know all the ways I have insulted the honor, love, and holiness of God. I am sorry. I deeply desire an honor that never goes away—the honor of being one of God’s children. Jesus, I believe that because of love,You suffered to bear our sin and shame, so we could bear God’s honor and join God’s family.You invite us to joinYou in heaven’s great party. Oh yes, I want to be there. I believe you rose from deathto defeat sin, shame, and death.Please save me from all my sin and shame, withYour eternal life. Lord Jesus, I believe inYou. Amen.” “The Father has loved us so much! This shows how much He loved us:We are called children of God.”(1John3:1) “Some people did accept Him [Jesus].They believed in Him, and He gave them the right [honor] to become children of God.”(John1:12) Jesus said,“Anyone who hears what I say and believes in the one who sent Me has eternal life.They will not be judged guilty … and have entered into life.”(John5:24) “If you openly say,‘Jesus is Lord,’and believe in your heart that God raised Him from death, you will be saved. …Yes, the Scriptures say, ‘Everyone who trusts in Him will not be put to shame.’” (Romans10:9-11)
  120. 120. WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove— bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES! “So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the name that is greater than any other name. God did this so that every person will bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth, and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’ and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11) Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with others in the honor of following Jesus? Please contact: thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.
  121. 121. WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove— bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES! “So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the name that is greater than any other name. God did this so that every person will bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth, and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’ and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11) Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with others in the honor of following Jesus? Please contact: thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE. This booklet is available for purchase at
 thefatherslovebooklet.org
  122. 122. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Who will have their honor restored? TheFather’sLove A story told by Jesus Christ Luke 15:11–32 Is this “a gospel” which 
 better overlaps biblical truth with Majority World values—and thus has more relevance? GOSPEL
  123. 123. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Who will have their honor restored? TheFather’sLove A story told by Jesus Christ Luke 15:11–32 Is this “a gospel” which 
 better overlaps biblical truth with Majority World values—and thus has more relevance? GOSPEL
  124. 124. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org The Seed of the Gospel The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospel is taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29. Let’s further explore 
 what it means to 
 contextualize the gospel
  125. 125. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org “since you have been born again, 
 not of perishable seed but of imperishable, 
 through the living and abiding word of God; … … And this word is the good news [gospel]
 that was preached to you.” –1 Peter 1:23, 25
  126. 126. The faith as understood and canonized in the Western church ... was the unalloyed kernel; 
 [on the other hand] the cultural accoutrements 
 of the people to whom the missionaries went 
 were the expendable husk. In the 
 accommodation process, the kernel had to 
 remain intact but adapted to the forms of the 
 new culture; at the same time, these cultures 
 had to be adapted to the “kernel.” (p. 449) “ ” Critiques traditional view of 
 contextualization using word picture 
 of gospel seed—husk & kernel David Bosch
  127. 127. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Kernel Husk The Seed of the Gospel The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospel is taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29. Concepts taken from Jackson Wu: 
 Saving God’s Face: 
 A Chinese Contextualization 
 of Salvation through 
 Honor and Shame
  128. 128. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Gospel Husk embodies 
 the gospel Traditional view of contextualization focuses on the husk, not on the gospel itself. The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospel is taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.
  129. 129. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Gospel Husk embodies 
 the gospel Traditional contextualization “assumes the gospel” The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospel is taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.
  130. 130. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Husk embodies 
 the gospel { Gospel Traditional contextualization
  131. 131. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Husk embodies 
 the gospel { Gospel Traditional contextualization
  132. 132. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Husk embodies 
 the gospel { Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. Gospel
  133. 133. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Husk embodies 
 the gospel { Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. • Contextualize the husk Gospel
  134. 134. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Husk embodies 
 the gospel { Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. • Contextualize the husk • But the gospel is “assumed” Gospel
  135. 135. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Contextualize the husk Gospel Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc.
  136. 136. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Contextualize the husk Gospel Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. EXPANDED 
 VIEW of
 contextualization
  137. 137. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Contextualize the husk Gospel Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. EXPANDED 
 VIEW of
 contextualization
  138. 138. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Contextualize the husk Gospel Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. EXPANDED 
 VIEW of
 contextualization
  139. 139. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org • Contextualize the husk Gospel Contextualize • language • music • clothing • food • storying • values, i.e.
 hospitality • etc. EXPANDED 
 VIEW of
 contextualization • PLUS: Contextualize the kernel!
  140. 140. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Gospel Let us also learn to contextualize the gospel itself.
  141. 141. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Gospel Let us also learn to contextualize the gospel itself.
  142. 142. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  143. 143. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth WesternGOSPEL Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  144. 144. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Canopy of Biblical Truth Western GOSPEL GOSPEL Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1
  145. 145. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org narrative / oral propositional / written honor / shame guilt / innocence kingdom / regal democratic / legal familial / ancestral individual / present-future obedience / concrete knowledge / abstract mystery / both-and logical / either-or suffering / vulnerability wealth / stability Western ? GOSPEL GOSPEL Let us find ways to better contextualize the gospel! Therefore…
  146. 146. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org PATRONAGE BODY LA NGUAGE CONCEPT OF FACE CHALLENGE & R IPOSTE IMAGEOFLIMITEDGOOD NAME/KINSHIP/BLO OD PURITY LOVE OF HONOR TWO SOURCES OF HONOR Achieved Honor Ascribed Honor LOSE WIN HONOR
  147. 147. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org “The gospel is already 
 contextualized 
 for honor/shame
 cultures.” –Jackson Wu, 
 as quoted in The Global Gospel, p. 278
  148. 148. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Free resources to learn more about honor and shame
  149. 149. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org 30-page article: “Honor & Shame 
 in Cross-Cultural Relationships” © Copyright 2013 Mission ONE. Developed by Werner Mischke. http://wernermischke.org / http://mission1.org / werner@mission1.org Page 1Available as a free download at http://wernermischke.org/resources Nine lessons for individuals and small groups inthedynamicsof Honor&Shame Werner Mischke ExecutiveVice President Director ofTraining Ministries, Mission ONE An introduction to key concepts about honor and shame in the Bible A B I B L E S T U D Y Inductive Bible study:
 “Nine-lessons for individuals and small groups in the dynamics of honor and shame” Blog: wernermischke.org/resources Love of honor: Aristotle: “…honor is clearly the greatest of external goods…it is honor above all else that great men claim and deserve.” Augustine: “For the glory that the Romans burned to possess…is the favorable judgment of men who think well of other men.” The ancients name love of honor and praise as their premier value. (Neyrey) Two sources of honor: 1) Ascribed honor: granting respect to a person based upon family, kinship, name, title, government, politics. 2) Achieved honor: respect based on competition, warfare, aggression, envy, athletic competition, or “social games of push-and-shove”. (Neyrey) Challenge and riposte: Four steps: 1) Claim of worth or value, 2) Challenge to that claim or refusal to acknowledge the claim, 3) Riposte or defense of the claim, 4) Public verdict of success awarded to either claimant or challenger. (Neyrey) Image of limited good: “The belief that everything in the social, economic, natural universe … everything desired in life: land, wealth, respect and status, power and influence … exist in finite quantity and are in short supply.” If you gain, I lose … a “zero-sum game.” (Neyrey) Name / kinship / blood: “In the ancient world, people are not just taken on their ‘merits.’” Honor “begins with the merits (or debits) of their lineage, the reputation of their ancestral house. Greeks and Romans receive a basic identity from their larger family: for Romans this takes the form of including the clan name in the name of each individual.” (deSilva) Honor-status reversal: When a person, family or people have their honor status reversed. Two types. 1) End result is honor: Honor-to-shame- to-honor, or simply, shame-to-honor. 2) End result is shame: Shame-to-honor-to-shame, or simply, honor-to-shame. Primary honor/shame dynamics in the Bible Ascribed Honor Achieved Honor And the winner is… WIN L OSE NAME HONOR Body parts: Feet and other dirty parts of the body represent shame. Head, face, right hand, right arm represent honor. Cross-cultural ministry skills related to honor and shame 1. READ God’s Word through the lens of honor and shame. Reading the Bible is a cross-cultural experience. Reading the Bible through the lens of honor and shame is an attempt to know the Word of God the way the original hearers would have heard it or read it. It’s an effort to de-Westernize our reading of the Scriptures. Read one book at a time. 2. SPEAK using the Bible’s language of honor and shame, both in conversation and in prayer. Talk with others together about what you’re learning. Become comfortable using words like honor and glory relative to our own relationship with Christ. Pray Scripture. Pray together using the honor/shame words found in God’s Word. 3. WALK your own authentic path of shame to honor—in the light of Christ. Discovering the honor of who we are in Jesus Christ has two parts. a. Be vulnerable and real about your own shame—the shame dynamics of our own lives —whether as agents or victims of sin—and letting the work and Person of Christ deal with that. Personal prayer times and trusting small groups are healthy places for vulnerability. b. Explore the honor of who we are in Christ. See yourself and your church family as a part of the story and drama of the honor-status reversal of Jesus Christ. Pray together with others about overcoming shame and experiencing honor—in relation to Jesus Christ. This sense of honor may be experienced both individually with the Lord, and in community with the Lord, that is, together in the love and ministry of the Body of Christ, the church. Sources: Jerome H. Neyrey: Honor and Shame in the Gospel of Matthew (Louisville: Westminster Press, 1998), David A. deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship & Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture (Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2000) READ SPEAK WALK Together Reading your Bible through the lens of honor and shame 1. Recognize honor/shame dynamics: In the “universe” or spectrum of words and dynamics of honor and shame, circle the words in black in your Bible as you read. 2. Recognize all conflicts as honor competition. From sibling rivalries to deadly wars—remember it is fueled by “challenge and riposte” (the ubiquitous honor- shame “game”) and the “image of limited good” (win-win was conceptually impossible except as revealed by God; win-lose was the only way). Make a note in your Bible. 3. Identify examples of honor-status reversal. Underline or circle these verses with a yellow colored pencil. This can range from individual verses to long stories. 4. Observe words and ideas relative to salvation (in Old Testament and New) — saved, ransom, redeem, atone, propitiation, etc. Underline or circle these words in red. Observe the relationship, if any, between salvation and honor-status reversal. 5. Share and pray. Talk with others about what you’re learning. Pray biblically; use the words of Scripture. Become comfortable using words like honor and glory relative to our own relationship with Christ. Pray with others about overcoming shame and experiencing honor in relation to Jesus Christ. Written and designed by Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE. For information about training contact Mission ONE: 480-951-0900 / werner@mission1.org / mission1.org/equip / Blog: wernermischke.org This resources is available at: wernermischke.org/resources HONOR shame Blessing Renown Praise Great Authority Worthy Might Holy Power Apostle Glory Worship Majesty King ThroneBeauty Raised Over High Free Above Pure Clean Ambassador Warrior Boasting Pride BlessBlessed Kingdom Fame Glorify Glorious Royal Greater Boastful Ring Robe Reign Awesome Highest Lifted up Conquer Priesthood Bright White Honored Exalted Approved Crown Overcome Boast Confidence Family Name Head Blood Father Son Right hand Face Inheritance Heirs Elder Below Elect Adopted Righteous Chosen Beloved Pleased Friend Inside Children Offspring Loved Sanctified Pleasing Anointed Honorable Respect Dominion Freedom Right arm Remembered LifeRise Immortal Cursing Mocking Dishonor Spit upon Hidden Blind Diseased Unclean Impure Ashamed DarkDefeated Death RejectedDespised Smitten Afflicted Desolate Naked Suffered Humiliation Crucified Cut offRejected Darkness Accursed Feet Slave Under Low Fallen Younger Alien Stranger Imprisoned Enemy Lesser Reproach BywordSick Oppressed Outside Gentile Persecuted Least Wretched Cursed Crushed Forgotten Captivity Reviled Fear Weak Strong Better Quick Reference Guide: “Read the Bible 
 in the Language of Honor and Shame” Quick 
 Reference Guide
  150. 150. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Key blogs honorshame.com jacksonwu.org wernermischke.org
  151. 151. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org honorshame.com jacksonwu.org wernermischke.org
  152. 152. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Who will have their honor restored? TheFather’sLove A story told by Jesus Christ Luke 15:11–32 globalgospelbook.org thefatherslovebooklet.org Learn more
 and purchase:
  153. 153. © 2015 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org Contact Werner Mischke: werner@mission1.org Blog: wernermischke.org Free resources to learn about 
 honor and shame: 
 wernermischke.org/resources mission1.org/equip

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