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Each phase in Comprehensive Emergency Management is briefly described below:
Assess Risks: Every step we take to control major emergencies and disasters depends on our knowledge of risk. In this first phase, the Town undertakes efforts to clearly understand the hazardous events that may lead to loss, how such events may unfold, and where the community may be particularly vulnerable.
Preparedness: With an understanding of risks, we can next take steps to ready ourselves for action once an emergency strikes. This means ongoing efforts to prepare for emergency response, business continuity, Town recovery, and community disaster recovery. Preparedness requires: 1) People, 2) Plans, 3) Facilities and Equipment, 4) Training, and 5) Exercises.
Mitigation: The term “mitigation” is often applied to hazard-specific projects that reduce the likelihood of emergencies and/or limit the severity or magnitude of consequences. All mitigation actions are taken before disaster strikes, and there are roles for the Town and its citizens.
Emergency Response: When an emergency occurs, this phase includes immediate efforts to save lives, protect property, and safeguard the environment. Fire, police, ambulance, and public works personnel may work with others in emergency response, sometimes with the support of an Emergency Operations Centre.
Business Continuity: This phase refers to the temporary efforts Town staff may undertake to continue the delivery of essential municipal services following an emergency or disaster. Essential services include road, water, sewer, and other infrastructure.
Town of Sidney Recovery: If Town buildings, infrastructure, or properties are damaged by an emergency, we will undertake efforts to repair and replace permanent facilities and equipment. Depending on the nature and extent of damage, this may require months or even years of effort.
Community Recovery: In addition to recovery of Town facilities, we will help coordinate the recovery of key Sidney community elements, including individuals, families, local businesses, institutions, and non-profit groups. Community recovery anticipates collaboration among the many public and private organizations that can assist residents and business owners with the effects of disaster.
Health system resources can be further broken down into the following three branches: Physical Capital Physical capital is composed of non-human healthcare infrastructure, such as hospitals and medical equipment. • Examples: – Hospitals and clinics – Ambulances – Furnishings, such as, beds and operating tables • Infrastructure must both be purchased and maintained – New physical capital results in high immediate costs plus continued funding for maintenance, equipment, and trained personnel.
B. Consumables Consumables are disposable resources that are used regularly in the delivery of healthcare. • Examples: – Gloves – Pharmaceuticals – Syringes, sutures, etc. • Consumables (particularly medications) make up a significant percentage of expenditures in the day-to-day operation of a functioning healthcare system