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2022.05.17 - Global Launch Event For The CGIAR Initiative on National Policies And Strategies For Food, Land And Water Systems Transformation (NPS) Initiative [Presentation].pptx

  1. ClemensBreisingerandAlan Nicol(InitiativeLeadandCo-lead) MarieCharlotteBuisson,XinshenDiao,NaureenKarachiwalla,JoyceMaru(NPSWP leads) YumnaKassim(NPSProgramManager) May17, 2022 National Policies and Strategies (NPS) Initiative Kenya Launch Event #NPSInitiative
  2. Responding to crises Building policy coherence Strengthening policy coherence at national level and across the One CGIAR initiative portfolio Piloting national policy and cross-CGIAR policy coherence mechanisms (Work Packages 1,2,3,4) Rapid-response tools, network of experts and evidence Community of policy practice (Work Packages 1, 3 and 4) Integrating policy tools Strengthening the analytical performance of countries’ institutions Training of Trainers (TOT) approach & user-friendly tools (Work Packages 1, 2 and 4) Main NPS Impact Areas:  Nutrition, health and food security  Poverty reduction, livelihoods and jobs  Gender equality, youth and social inclusion  Climate adaptation and mitigation  Environmental health and biodiversity
  3. NPS institutional setup and partners in Kenya NPS will build on the ongoing collaboration of CGIAR centers with the GOK and other partners based on existing agreements ands memoranda of understandings. Key initial partners: • Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Co-operatives and other Ministries related to Food System Transformation such as planning, water, etc. • Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) • Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) • County Governments • Universities, think tanks, private sector, DPG-ARD group, etc. • New partnerships.  Next session.
  4. NPS will work together with other ONE CGIAR initiatives 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Kenya India Colombia Nigeria Egypt Laos Number of One CGIAR initiatives per NPS focus country* * Numbers include NPS  Kenya: country with most ONE CGIAR initiatives  Key role of ONE CGIAR country convener
  5. Work Package 1 (in 2022): Monitoring coherence of One CGIAR initiative policy research and engagement at country level and analysis of food, land and water policies and institutions Research methods: Policy landscape analysis, institutional analysis, political economy. Outputs: One CGIAR initiatives policy research and engagement dashboard. Policies and institutions landscape analysis framework. Food, land and water policies and institutions flagship report. Outcomes: Coherent One CGIAR in country approach supporting policy uptake. Alignment of stakeholders (including initiatives) with government policies and priorities.
  6. Work Package 2 (in 2022): Integrating policy and investment tools at country level Research methods: Social accounting matrices (SAM), partial and general equilibrium analysis & diagnostics, household microsimulations. Outputs: SAM trainings and new Kenya SAM. National and selected county/state public expenditure databases jointly developed with partner institutions Joint public expenditure analysis with partner institutions at the national & county level Agri-food system (AFS) performance diagnosis and Crisis microsimulation tool Outcomes: In-country SAM capacity and ownership. AFS transformation evidence and public expenditure priorities known and used by policy makers.
  7. Work Package 3 (in 2022): Policy analysis and outcome measurement for crisis management and response Research methods: Political economy, impact evaluation, process evaluation, qualitative methods. Outputs: Evidence on crisis mitigation: what countries do at the time of a crisis to mitigate negative effects (ex-post). These are more immediate analyses. Uncovering and piloting ways by which countries have set up and can set up crisis response architectures that mitigate negative effects. Rapid response toolkit for policy-makers  using political economy tools that draw on a 1CG community of practice as well as process evaluation and qualitative analysis. Outcomes: Improved effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of programs/policies related to rapid crisis response.
  8. Work Package 4 (in 2022): Rapid crisis response and policy community of practice (food/energy policy focus) Research methods: Qualitative/quantitative, crisis impact narratives and policy response monitoring. Outputs: New Kenya NPS seminar series with Kenyan researchers, national policy makers, UN, private sector, One CGIAR, and other stakeholders. A Community of Policy Practice (CoPP) established focused on Food, Land and Water Systems to help CGIAR initiatives translate coherence building analysis into practice. Capacity building on household crisis response microsimulation model (developed under WP2) and linkage to future crisis response policy design. NPS Kenya website (expanding / building on existing CSSP websites/tools) to allow for easy sharing of data, papers and in support of CoPPs. Outcomes: By sharing lessons at country and regional levels and across-initiatives the Kenya CoPP supports improved policy and program design. Improved coherence and collective responses to crises at national and regional levels.
  9. Next steps for NPS Kenya today and beyond • Continued deepening of our engagement with Kenyan partners and ONE CGIAR initiatives in Kenya, today:  Panel discussion  Rapid-fire presentations  Small group discussions • After today’s event, NPS will immediately start with implementation. • We looking forward to work with you to reach our goals for the benefit of Kenya and the Kenyan people.
  10. NPS Kenya Launch: Initiatives Rapid Fire Presentations
  11. Building Policy Coherence
  12. The Agroecological Initiative will provide evidence for the transformative nature of agroecology and its broad applicability to food, land and water system change, including technical innovations, business models, behavioral change communications and policy and institutional options to promote uptake. Policy coherence work: Assess incentives for agroecology in existing policies and institutions, consult stakeholders on potential areas for enhancing incentives, develop an action plan and track progress Policy models: We will explore linkages with other initiatives on integrating agroecology practices and outcomes into national models Counties in Kenya: Kiambu, Machakos, Makueni and Muranga Key policy partnerships: Inter-sectoral Forum on Agrobiodiversity and Agroecology 11 Transformational Agroecology Across Food, Land, and Water Systems Aymen Frija
  13. • Equitable access to healthy diets for the urban poor • Decent employment for women & youth in the urban food system • Climate-smart, circular bioeconomy strengthening urban resilience Tools to support policy coherence: • Global evidence base on urban food programming • (Virtual) Center of Excellence on urban food systems research and innovation Policy models: • Integration of elements of global food policy and urban resilience models • Milan Urban Food Policy Pact monitoring framework Cities in Kenya: Nairobi (other cities in future) Key policy partnerships: • Nairobi City County (Member of new Food Liaison Advisory Group) • Private sector organizations (formal and informal) 12 Resilient Cities Through Sustainable Urban and Peri- Urban Agrifood Systems Simon Heck
  14. Initiative pitch: • To foster an enabling environment for nature positive solutions (contributing to agroecology) and to ensure they are embedded in existing agricultural, food, environment and climate change policies. • To develop supportive polices and a regulatory framework that fosters an integrated seed system (incl tree GR) adapted to farmers’ needs – esp. farmer variety registration and alternative quality assurance mechanisms that enhance access to a range of diverse quality seeds/tree GR. • To contribute to Genetic Resources policies, esp. on access and benefit sharing, that enhance availability of diversity to farmers for climate change adaptation and sustainable agriculture. Policy coherence work: • High-level policy round tables on seed and genetic resources, access and benefit sharing; seed and IP rights • Co-hosted by ISFAA/MoALF nationally, County stakeholder platforms embedded in CASSCOM • Databases/frameworks: True Cost of Food accounting; Payment for Ecosystem Services, - Monitoring Framework spanning ABD in agriculture and conservation, water, soils and waste; - Business Models for Waste Recycling and Circular Economy, Restauration decision Tools Policy models: to-implement-the-multilateral-system-of-access-and-benefit-shar/ Counties: Kisumu, Vihiga, Kericho, Kajiado (by extension Turkana and Nakuru) Key policy partnerships: ISFAA, MoALF, KALRO; GeRRI, County governments of Kisumu, Vihiga, Kericho, Kajiado, PELUM, WWF, IUCN, Seed Savers Network, Community seed banks & farmer groups, Universities of Maseno, Masindi Muliro, Nairobi, etc. 13 Nature Positive Solutions Céline Termote
  15. • To improve productivity, profitability and environmental performance of aquaculture systems, while building disease and climate-change resilient farming systems, that meet low-income consumers’ demand for nutritious food, through the rapid development and delivery of improved fish strains (tilapia, carps and catfish) in Africa and Asia. • Secure rights (governance), bring livelihood benefits for 100,000 small-scale actors in food systems (AqFs) in Asia-Pacific and more nutritious diets for 700,000 people. • Develop and implement Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) strategies to livelihood, and water use outcomes in multifunctional land- and waterscapes adopted by stakeholders in Asian and African countries. Policy coherence work: • Building robust and coherent data on AqFs performance for 11 countries of focus of the initiative (Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Nigeria, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste and Zambia). • Build partnerships, though workshops and joint research, that foster inclusion of AqFs and actors in land-water-food systems. Regions in Kenya: Central and Western Kenya (others to be determined). Key policy partnerships: • Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), Kenya Fisheries Services (KEFS), and Aquaculture Association of Kenya (AAK), others to determined. 14 Resilient Aquatic Foods for Healthy People and Planet Rahma Adam
  16. Integrating Policy Tools
  17. ClimBeR aims to transform the climate adaptation capacity of food, land, and water systems in six countries: Kenya, Guatemala, Morocco, the Philippines, Senegal, and Zambia, ultimately increasing the resilience of smallholder production systems to withstand severe climate change effects like drought, flooding, and high temperatures. Key themes: transformative adaptation, climate resilience, gender and social equity, climate finance, socio-ecological-technological bundles Policy coherence work: • Climate Security innovations (Policy gap and coherence analysis) and scenario workshops • Policy Pathways to be represented using a new integrated assessment framework • Multiscale polycentric governance for resilience (Governance 4 Resilience) Policy models: • Climate Security Policy Toolkit, Climate Security Observatory (CSO), Climate Security Index (CSI), and Climate Security Proofing Guidelines • iFEED: the integrated Future Estimator for Emissions and Diets (Policy Pathways) • Multiscale polycentric governance model for reducing systemic risks and transformative adaptation (Governance 4 Resilience) Counties in Kenya: • Garissa County (Governance 4 Resilience) • All work packages include a focus at the national level 16 ClimBeR: Building Systemic Resilience to Climate Variability and Extremes Key policy partnerships: • Kenya Meteorological Department, IPCC focal point for Kenya • Ministry of Agriculture Livestock Fisheries and Cooperatives • Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Climate Change Directorate • National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) • African Group of Negotiators Expert Support (AGNES) • Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) • Intergovernmental Authority on Development Centers (IGAD Centers: ICPAC, CEWARN, ICPALD) • Regional Centre For Mapping Of Resources For Development (RCMRD) Tanaya Dutta Gupta
  18. Technical partners Focus countries Brazil India China South Africa Kenya Rwanda Malawi Zambia Bangladesh Focus regions F&M | Foresight & Metrics Initiative Food system diagnostics (NPS builds the SAM) Policy prioritization (NPS has a subnational focus) Economywide metrics (NPS engages government) Four Work Packages 1 2 3 4 • Integrated modeling tools (e.g., RIAPA + Climate + Microsimulation) • Simultaneously assess multiple policy & investment options • Multiple economic, environmental & welfare outcomes • Poverty, incomes & jobs (AgGDP+, AgEMP+) • Inequality & economic mobility (WIST) • Resilience & emissions (AgGHG+) • Biodiversity & water use (AgWater+) • Diets & food security (ReDD) WP2(4) aligned to NPS Key Innovations for Increased Policy Coherence CGIAR: ABC, CIMMYT, IFPRI, ILRI, IWMI Kenya partners: KIPPRA, ReNAPRI (Tegemeo), Government Indonesia Nepal Medium to long-term challenges; strategic opportunities at global & regional scales Modeling analysis with national partners to inform policy & investment decisions; focus on climate risks & resilience Enhance access to and transparency of foresight modeling tools & metrics Enhance partners’ analytical capacity through collaborative research & structured training WP1: Global trends & strategies WP2: National policy priorities WP3: Access & transparency WP4: Skills & learning Karl Pauw
  19. Initiative pitch: • Building a coordinated global agronomy R&D community to develop impactful tools. • Facilitating partnerships with public and private sector partners to deliver scalable agronomy solutions for smallholder farmers. • Building and strengthening data access, analytics and insights generation to support agronomic gain Policy coherence work: • EiA will hold webinars on lessons learned from implementing Use Cases that scale agronomic uptake. • EiA will produce policy briefs to recommend approaches that can advance the scaling of modern agronomy Policy models developed/used: EiA will support policy influencing work to advance the enablement of the farmer support environment to accelerate agronomy delivery and uptake. Counties in Kenya the initiative focuses on: Working on finalizing partnerships that will support work in Bungoma, Busia, Elgeyo Marakwet, Siaya, Kisumu, Kakamega, Homa Bay, Migori, Meru, Tharaka Nithi, Nakuru, Narok, Nyandarua. Key policy partnerships: • Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources – Fertilizer Recommendation Domain • Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation – Yield gap analysis and irrigation optimization tools. 18 EXCELLENCE IN AGRONOMY Mandlenkosi Nkomo
  20. Initiative pitch: SAPLING aims to fill critical productivity and value chain competitiveness gaps by developing a pipeline of new and existing demand-driven, co-delivered health, genetics, feed and market systems innovations. In Kenya, SAPLING is working on dairy and chicken Policy coherence work: livestock policy issues are embedded in some work- e.g., Feed policy or milk market regulations. Reach out for any livestock related policies Policy models developed/used: improvement of modelling for livestock master plans, including more robust gender and environment components Counties in Kenya the initiative focuses on: tentative list for dairy 1.Makueni and Kakamega for pre-commercial dairy areas and 2.Meru, Nandi (and possibly Uasin Gishu) for high-potential dairy areas Key policy partnerships: state department of livestock, county governments 19 Sustainable Animal Productivity for Livelihoods, Nutrition and Gender inclusion (SAPLING) Sirak Bahta
  21. Initiative pitch: LCSR aims to partner with public and private actors to develop and deliver actionable innovations that measurably help producers, businesses, and governments adapt livestock agrifood systems to climate change and reduce gas emissions, contributing to sustainability and development goals across livestock systems. Policy coherence work: likely interventions include providing data and evidence for improved decision making in relation to climate, livestock and land use policies and land management particularly in drylands, a climate policy coherence framework, rangelands data platform, capacity building for improved reporting of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and land degradation neutrality, climate security observatory, “greening” of livestock master plans. Policy models developed/used: LMP models with environment component, system-focused policy models, cost-benefit analysis Counties in Kenya the initiative focuses on: 1. For rangelands/drylands work – Baringo and Wajir in first year (TBC after this) 2. Counties for mixed crop-livestock TBC, but possible overlap with SAPLING Key policy partnerships: State department of livestock, county governments 20 Livestock, Climate and System Resilience (LCSR) Sirak Bahta
  22. 1) Support stakeholders and planners to increase capacity to use co-developed tools, data, and analyses to design food system emissions reduction strategies 2) Improve food system GHG emission monitoring and national communications to UNFCCC 3) Develop frameworks for co-designing, adapting, testing, and mainstreaming low- and negative-emissions food systems solutions and address the institutional environment to enable scaling up and out of low emissions food system solutions Policy coherence work: Stakeholder meetings, focus groups, NDC analysis, political economic analysis Policy models developed/used: Plan to use country CGE Counties of focus: Kajiado, Nandi and Bomet (TBC) Key policy partnerships: Climate Change Unit (MoALFC), Climate Change Directorate (MoEF), AGNES 21 Mitigate+: Research for low-emission food systems Laura Cramer
  23. Responding To Crises
  24. 23 Digital Innovation and Transformation Initiative Research Question How can Digital Innovations contribute to the inclusive and sustainable Transformation of food, land, and water systems in the Global South? Policy Coherence • Digital Policy Toolbox: An online catalog of enabling policy options that support digital innovation ecosystems and incentivize innovators to work towards poverty reduction and jobs. • Digital Crisis Response Framework: A policy framework that allows key decision- makers to share data and insights rapidly in response to and anticipation of emergency events. • Digital Infrastructure Impact Assessment: Assessing the impacts of digital infrastructure on food-land-water systems-level outcomes and generating impact evidence for investments. • Digital Advisory Impact Assessment: Assessing the impacts of using digital advisory services on gender/social inclusion outcomes and providing support for the service providers to improve. Counties in Kenya Digital Advisory Impact Assessment work will be undertaken in Machakos to assess the impacts of using digital advisory services on gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) outcomes and to provide support for the service providers to improve key GESI metrics. Steve Kemp
  25. Key objective: Influence policies and market behavior for efficient, inclusive value chains, greater job creation, and adoption of sustainable practices Rethinking Food Markets and Value Chains for Inclusion and Sustainability Market incentives & policy support • More employment and higher incomes (esp. for women & youth) • Less food loss • Affordable healthy diets • Lower GHG emissions Research approach:  Bundled innovations in food VCs and markets  Scaling up through market-wide incentives  Model-based scenario analysis and stakeholder dialogues for policy coherence Geographic focus  East Africa – Ethiopia, Uganda  West Africa - Nigeria  South Asia - Bangladesh  Central America – Guatemala, Honduras Girma Tasfahun Kassie and Rob Vos

Notas del editor

  1. Joint Agriculture Sector Consultation and Cooperation Mechanism(JASSCOM) To foster and develop an enabling environment (both institutional and regulatory) for the development and enhancement of nature positive solutions for sustainable agriculture (contributing to agroecology) and to ensure they are embedded in existing agricultural, food, environmental and climate change policies. To develop supportive polices and regulatory frameworks that foster growth and stability of an integrated seed system (including tree genetic resources) that takes cognizance of farmers’ realities – specifically registration of farmers 'varieties and alternative quality assurance mechanisms that enhance access to quality and diverse seeds/tree genetic resources. To contribute to the development and review of genetic resources policies specifically access and benefit sharing policies that enhance the availability of a wide range of diversity to farmers for climate change adaptation and sustainable agriculture.
  2. The research focuses on what process innovations, market incentives and policy support are needed to achieve this. The Initiative does not include Kenya as a focus country, but it does work in other parts of East Africa as well as in West Africa, from which lessons can be learned. To give a concrete example. Responding to felt needs among stakeholders in Nigeria, the Initiative generate evidence on the impacts on jobs and incomes for women and youth, reduction of food loss and less GHG emissions when addressing multiple constraints by bundling the following innovations: Process and logistics improvements for product quality upgrading (like solar-powered cold chain storage and transportation) Inclusive business models Product quality certification and digital traceability and Policy support to create the right market incentives for scaling, widespread adoption and consumer acceptance The last aspect, in particular, will provide synergies with the National Policies and Strategies Initiative in that it assesses the market- and economy-wide impacts of scaled interventions in national settings across the multiple objectives of food security, poverty reduction, resilient livelihoods, inclusive and sustainable value chain development. The Initiative will take this approach across three work packages studying different markets for global and domestic value chains as well as cross-food market services, especially in logistics and finance. The fourth work package looks across the first three and proposes to create a knowledge platform for policy dialogue informed by global and country scenario analyses to assess the potential for scaling and identify what the trade-offs are. This is where strong synergies with the NPS initiative can be found.