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WORKING TOGETHER TO REDUCE EARLY SCHOOL LEAVING
5 COUNTRIES, 2 YEARS, 1 AIM
EARLY SCHOOL LEAVING – CONTRIBUTIONS FROM
PORT...
Agenda
• Early school leaving – Introduction
• Early school leaving in Portugal
• InSchool Project
• Measures against ESL
...
Early school leaving -
Introduction
Serious matter at the individual and at a macro level since it is connected to
unemplo...
Early school leaving -
Introduction
There are many reasons why some young people give up education and training
prematurel...
Early School Leaving in Portugal
• Although the tendency for the indicator of early school leavers
to decrease in all Euro...
InSchool Project
Innovation in Early School Leaving
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 6
• Aims to
• share best practices within the partnership,
• to produce best practice manual,
• to enable partners to observ...
• Partner
• UK (Bury College) (Coordinator),
• Romania (IPA, SA S.C.),
• Portugal (ISCAP / IPP),
• Italy (E.RI.FO.) and
• ...
Measures against ESL
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 9
Measures against ESL addressed in the report from the European Commission
(2013) (http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/str...
Smooth transition between
educational levels
Transition between educational levels is critical for students - a time when ...
Good practices identified in
schools
• Education offered by study area and not by course, at
the beginning of the 10th gra...
@ ISCAP
Exported and Imported measures
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 13
Exported
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 14
Self-efficacy
• People's beliefs about their capabilities to produce
designated levels of performance
• This concept is us...
Self-efficacy
• Studies show that students’ self-efficacy is related to academic
achievement and/or dropout, both internat...
Imported
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 17
Smooth transition between
educational levels
Bury College already had experience in this area and had developed a website ...
LIVE THE BEST @ ISCAP
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 19
Participants
Inschool Project Team (Anabela, Diana and Paulino)
A Web Solutions Company (Bynet)
ISCAP Students Union
Comis...
Structure of the website
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 21
BE INVOLVED
ENVOLVE-TE
Academic life
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 22
BE HERE
APARECE
Logistics of the school
Eg. Canteen, libray, etc.
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 23
BE ON BOARD
ENTRA A BORDO
Location and
how to get there
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 24
BE PREPARED
PREPARA-TE
Services available
and their timetable
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 25
BE SUPPORTED
APOIA-TE
Support on
how to study
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 26
Website -
http://www.livethebesta
tiscap.com/
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 27
Evaluation of the
website - Results
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 28
Evaluation of the website
Developed a survey. Questions based on literature review
Received 43 responses
Students graded t...
STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES
Website very dynamic and attractive
Video tour only for one master (want to see
videos of other cours...
Suggestions for improvement
Add practical informations such as:
How to acquire the card to enter the parking
Create a FAQ ...
Future
Disseminate its existence – facebook, teachers, students
Continuously improve the website
Compare resuls with those...
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 33
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 34
THANK YOU
Comments? Questions?
Sarmento@iscap.ipp.pt
Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 35
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Early School Leaving – Contributions from Portugal.

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Paper presented @ END conference, Porto
Anabela Mesquita, Diana Aguiar Vieira, Paulino Silva

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Early School Leaving – Contributions from Portugal.

  1. 1. WORKING TOGETHER TO REDUCE EARLY SCHOOL LEAVING 5 COUNTRIES, 2 YEARS, 1 AIM EARLY SCHOOL LEAVING – CONTRIBUTIONS FROM PORTUGAL June 2015 Anabela Mesquita Paulino Silva Diana Vieira 1
  2. 2. Agenda • Early school leaving – Introduction • Early school leaving in Portugal • InSchool Project • Measures against ESL • Good practices identified in Portugal • @ ISCAP – good practiced exported and imported • Evaluation of good practice imported • Future Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 2
  3. 3. Early school leaving - Introduction Serious matter at the individual and at a macro level since it is connected to unemployment, social exclusion, and poverty while impeding productivity and competitiveness. Shrinking workforce - Europe needs to make full use of its human resources. Young people who leave education and training prematurely are bound to lack skills and qualifications, and to face serious, persistent problems on the labour market. 2012 - nearly five and a half million young people (18 and 24) had not finished upper secondary education and were not in education and training. Unemployment rate of these leavers is 40.1%, compared to 23.2% overall youth unemployment in Europe Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 3
  4. 4. Early school leaving - Introduction There are many reasons why some young people give up education and training prematurely: personal or family problems, learning difficulties, or a fragile socio- economic situation. The way the education system is set up and the environment of each school are also important factors. project InSchool – Innovation in Early School Leaving was developed There is not a single reason for ESL, there are no easy answers. Policies to reduce early school leaving must address a range of triggers and combine education and social policy, youth work and health related aspects such as drug use or mental and emotional problems Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 4
  5. 5. Early School Leaving in Portugal • Although the tendency for the indicator of early school leavers to decrease in all European countries in the last 20 years, during this period Portugal has presented average values above those of the EU. • Southern countries, like Spain, Turkey and Portugal, present the higher figures for this indicator. • Countries with lower rates (between 4% and 9%) are Finland (8,9%), Holland (8,8%), Luxembourg (8,1%), Austria (7,6%), Sweden (7,5%), Lithuania (6,5%), Poland (5,7%), Czech Republic (5,5%), Slovakia (5,3%) and Slovenia (4,4%). • Spain (24,9%), Malta (22,6%) and Portugal (20,8%) are those with the highest values, showing more difficulties concerning the inclusion of a young population in basic education. • The average figure for Europe (27 countries) was 12,8% in 2012 Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 5
  6. 6. InSchool Project Innovation in Early School Leaving Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 6
  7. 7. • Aims to • share best practices within the partnership, • to produce best practice manual, • to enable partners to observe the application of best practices through benchmarking, • to involve stakeholders and • to enable all partners to import and apply at least one innovative aspect of best practice. Outcomes are / were * 5 workshops held in each of the partner countries, * a good practices guide, * a website and * the identification of aspects of best practice that would be imported to each partner organization. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 7
  8. 8. • Partner • UK (Bury College) (Coordinator), • Romania (IPA, SA S.C.), • Portugal (ISCAP / IPP), • Italy (E.RI.FO.) and • Turkey (Nahit Mentese Girls Technical and Vocational High School) • Started in October 2013 and will end in September 2015. • Activities • An analysis of the situation of ESL in each partner country was carried out. • Identification of a set of good practices already taking place in partner countries. • Each partner selected at least one of these good practices and implemented it in their own organization. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 8
  9. 9. Measures against ESL Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 9
  10. 10. Measures against ESL addressed in the report from the European Commission (2013) (http://ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/doc/esl-group- report_en.pdf) Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 10
  11. 11. Smooth transition between educational levels Transition between educational levels is critical for students - a time when they move from often smaller and more supportive schools to larger schools, where the academic and social demands are higher. The cost of failing is high. Unsuccessful school transitions contribute to high dropout rates, low on-time graduation rates and low achievement. Through a questionnaire administered to all secondary and VET schools in Porto region, we identified some good practices. Present some results in next slide Then we present the good practice exported and the one imported Necessary to provide tools and support to smooth this transition. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 11
  12. 12. Good practices identified in schools • Education offered by study area and not by course, at the beginning of the 10th grade - allows student to try the possible available areas before committing to just one. • A systematic accompaniment of students by coordinators of the different courses which integrate each study area as well as by the direction board and office of vocational guidance and counselling with the objective to understand the best way to follow at the end of the 10th grade. • Promotion of the proximity between student and teacher. Teacher is seen as a tutor that supports and accompanies the student. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 12
  13. 13. @ ISCAP Exported and Imported measures Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 13
  14. 14. Exported Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 14
  15. 15. Self-efficacy • People's beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance • This concept is useful to predict human performance in several areas, although its predictive power is enhanced when specific measures of each domain of human functioning are used. • Additionally, as self-efficacy is a judgment of personal capability, it is not considerate a trait and it can change over time. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 15
  16. 16. Self-efficacy • Studies show that students’ self-efficacy is related to academic achievement and/or dropout, both internationally (e.g. Bandura, 2006; Brown, Tramayne, Hoxha, Telander, Fan & Lent, 2008; Pajares, 2007) as well as in Portugal (e.g. Vieira & Polydoro, 2009; Vieira 2010). • The student self-efficacy questionnaire was validated to Portuguese context (Vieira, Polydoro, & Coimbra, 2009; Vieira, Caires & Polydoro, 2011) and it is composed of 20 items. • This measure is useful to rapidly screening student’s self-efficacy, though, facilitating the identification of the students at risk of poor academic performance and/or ESL. • The administration of this questionnaire at the beginning of the academic year allows the identification of students with lower self-efficacy and the prevention of poor academic performance and/or ESL by the implementation of activities aimed to enhance students self-efficacy based on its sources. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 16
  17. 17. Imported Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 17
  18. 18. Smooth transition between educational levels Bury College already had experience in this area and had developed a website to deal with this situation - http://bethebest.burycollege.ac.uk/ Portugal – ISCAP (higher education) - decided to import and adapt this good practice Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 18
  19. 19. LIVE THE BEST @ ISCAP Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 19
  20. 20. Participants Inschool Project Team (Anabela, Diana and Paulino) A Web Solutions Company (Bynet) ISCAP Students Union Comissions of students from each degree Other ISCAP students Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 20
  21. 21. Structure of the website Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 21
  22. 22. BE INVOLVED ENVOLVE-TE Academic life Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 22
  23. 23. BE HERE APARECE Logistics of the school Eg. Canteen, libray, etc. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 23
  24. 24. BE ON BOARD ENTRA A BORDO Location and how to get there Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 24
  25. 25. BE PREPARED PREPARA-TE Services available and their timetable Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 25
  26. 26. BE SUPPORTED APOIA-TE Support on how to study Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 26
  27. 27. Website - http://www.livethebesta tiscap.com/ Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 27
  28. 28. Evaluation of the website - Results Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 28
  29. 29. Evaluation of the website Developed a survey. Questions based on literature review Received 43 responses Students graded this website with 8 / 10. The majority graded it between 7 and 10. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 29
  30. 30. STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES Website very dynamic and attractive Video tour only for one master (want to see videos of other courses) Links provided are useful The list of resources is not complete Excellent structure of menus and buttons Images with quality There are also some functionalities that the site does not have and respondents would like to find them there (but didn’t say what were those functionalities) Information is concise, important and relevant Involvement of different stakeholders – teachers, students, students’ union Accessible Need to disseminate the existence of the siteTexts are easy to read, graphs and animation are used in an adequate way The site meets students’ needs One respondent said that the website has too much information on some issues and scarce on othersThe content of the site is useful Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 30
  31. 31. Suggestions for improvement Add practical informations such as: How to acquire the card to enter the parking Create a FAQ section Access to important documents Ex. Form to ask the bus pass sub23 Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 31
  32. 32. Future Disseminate its existence – facebook, teachers, students Continuously improve the website Compare resuls with those of the Bury colleage (concerning the website). Identify differences and similarities. In 6 months -re-evaluate its impact in early school leaving Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 32
  33. 33. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 33
  34. 34. Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 34
  35. 35. THANK YOU Comments? Questions? Sarmento@iscap.ipp.pt Anabela Mesquita, Paulino Silva, Diana Vieira 35

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