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STRESS MANAGEMENT.ppt

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STRESS MANAGEMENT.ppt

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‘Stress is a condition or a feeling experienced when a person believes s/he doesn’t have the capacity to cope with the demands being placed upon them in a certain situation.
Stress is a normal part of life that can either help us learn and grow or can cause us significant problems.
If we don't take action, the stress response can create or worsen health problems.
Prolonged, uninterrupted, unexpected, and unmanageable stresses are the most damaging types of stress.
Is stress inevitable?stress is not always an inevitable consequence of an event, as it depends a lot on a person’s perceptions of a situation and their ability to cope with it
Although stress is usually viewed as a negative experience, it can actually create both positive and negative feelings
From a biological point of view, stress can be a neutral, negative, or positive experience.
stress is related to both external and internal factors.
TYPES OF STRESS
Stress management can be complicated and confusing because there are different types of stress i.e. acute stress, episodic acute stress, and chronic stress ; each with its own characteristics, symptoms, duration, and treatment approaches.
Acute Stress:
Acute stress is the most common form of stress. It comes from demands and pressures of the recent past and anticipated demands and pressures of the near future. Acute stress is thrilling and exciting in small doses, but too much is exhausting.
Common symptoms of acute stress:
Emotional distress of some combination of anger or irritability, anxiety, and depression, the three stress emotions;
muscular problems including tension headache, back pain, jaw pain, and the muscular tensions that lead to pulled muscles and tendon and ligament problems
stomach, gut and bowel problems such as heartburn, acid stomach, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome;
transient over arousal leads to elevation in blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, sweaty palms, heart palpitations, dizziness, migraine headaches, cold hands or feet, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Note: Acute stress can crop up in anyone's life, and it is highly treatable and manageable.
Episodic Acute Stress:
The symptoms of episodic acute stress are the symptoms of extended over arousal: persistent tension headaches, migraines, hypertension, chest pain, and heart disease. Treating episodic acute stress requires intervention on a number of levels, generally requiring professional help, which may take many months.
Chronic Stress:
While acute stress can be thrilling and exciting, chronic stress is not. This is the grinding stress that wears people away day after day, year after year. Chronic stress destroys bodies, minds and lives. It wreaks havoc through long-term attrition.
EXTERNAL FACTORS
Physical environment including:
your job,
your relationships with others,
your home, and
All the situations including:
challenges,
difficulties, and
expectations you're confronted with on a daily basis.

‘Stress is a condition or a feeling experienced when a person believes s/he doesn’t have the capacity to cope with the demands being placed upon them in a certain situation.
Stress is a normal part of life that can either help us learn and grow or can cause us significant problems.
If we don't take action, the stress response can create or worsen health problems.
Prolonged, uninterrupted, unexpected, and unmanageable stresses are the most damaging types of stress.
Is stress inevitable?stress is not always an inevitable consequence of an event, as it depends a lot on a person’s perceptions of a situation and their ability to cope with it
Although stress is usually viewed as a negative experience, it can actually create both positive and negative feelings
From a biological point of view, stress can be a neutral, negative, or positive experience.
stress is related to both external and internal factors.
TYPES OF STRESS
Stress management can be complicated and confusing because there are different types of stress i.e. acute stress, episodic acute stress, and chronic stress ; each with its own characteristics, symptoms, duration, and treatment approaches.
Acute Stress:
Acute stress is the most common form of stress. It comes from demands and pressures of the recent past and anticipated demands and pressures of the near future. Acute stress is thrilling and exciting in small doses, but too much is exhausting.
Common symptoms of acute stress:
Emotional distress of some combination of anger or irritability, anxiety, and depression, the three stress emotions;
muscular problems including tension headache, back pain, jaw pain, and the muscular tensions that lead to pulled muscles and tendon and ligament problems
stomach, gut and bowel problems such as heartburn, acid stomach, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome;
transient over arousal leads to elevation in blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, sweaty palms, heart palpitations, dizziness, migraine headaches, cold hands or feet, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Note: Acute stress can crop up in anyone's life, and it is highly treatable and manageable.
Episodic Acute Stress:
The symptoms of episodic acute stress are the symptoms of extended over arousal: persistent tension headaches, migraines, hypertension, chest pain, and heart disease. Treating episodic acute stress requires intervention on a number of levels, generally requiring professional help, which may take many months.
Chronic Stress:
While acute stress can be thrilling and exciting, chronic stress is not. This is the grinding stress that wears people away day after day, year after year. Chronic stress destroys bodies, minds and lives. It wreaks havoc through long-term attrition.
EXTERNAL FACTORS
Physical environment including:
your job,
your relationships with others,
your home, and
All the situations including:
challenges,
difficulties, and
expectations you're confronted with on a daily basis.

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STRESS MANAGEMENT.ppt

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT BY: ABRAHAM MARANGU NCUNGE
  2. 2. DEFINATION ‘Stress is a condition or a feeling experienced when a person believes s/he doesn’t have the capacity to cope with the demands being placed upon them in a certain situation. ’
  3. 3. Stress at glance • Stress is a normal part of life that can either help us learn and grow or can cause us significant problems. • Stress releases powerful neurochemicals and hormones that prepare us for action (to fight or flee). • If we don't take action, the stress response can create or worsen health problems. • Prolonged, uninterrupted, unexpected, and unmanageable stresses are the most damaging types of stress.
  4. 4. Is stress inevitable? • stress is not always an inevitable consequence of an event, as it depends a lot on a person’s perceptions of a situation and their ability to cope with it. Some people are natural worriers and are prone to being badly affected by problems — and are therefore likely to become stressed — while others just seem to be able to resolve a problem without it having a massive impact on them.
  5. 5. Can stress be a postive experience? • Although stress is usually viewed as a negative experience, it can actually create both positive and negative feelings. • From a biological point of view, stress can be a neutral, negative, or positive experience. • stress is related to both external and internal factors.
  6. 6. TYPES OF STRESS Stress management can be complicated and confusing because there are different types of stress i.e. acute stress, episodic acute stress, and chronic stress ; each with its own characteristics, symptoms, duration, and treatment approaches.
  7. 7. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) 1. Acute Stress: • Acute stress is the most common form of stress. It comes from demands and pressures of the recent past and anticipated demands and pressures of the near future. Acute stress is thrilling and exciting in small doses, but too much is exhausting. • Because it is short term, acute stress doesn't have enough time to do the extensive damage associated with long-term stress.
  8. 8. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) Common symptoms of acute stress: • Emotional distress of some combination of anger or irritability, anxiety, and depression, the three stress emotions; • muscular problems including tension headache, back pain, jaw pain, and the muscular tensions that lead to pulled muscles and tendon and ligament problems;
  9. 9. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) • stomach, gut and bowel problems such as heartburn, acid stomach, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome; • transient over arousal leads to elevation in blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, sweaty palms, heart palpitations, dizziness, migraine headaches, cold hands or feet, shortness of breath, and chest pain. • Note: Acute stress can crop up in anyone's life, and it is highly treatable and manageable.
  10. 10. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) 2. Episodic Acute Stress: The symptoms of episodic acute stress are the symptoms of extended over arousal: persistent tension headaches, migraines, hypertension, chest pain, and heart disease. Treating episodic acute stress requires intervention on a number of levels, generally requiring professional help, which may take many months.
  11. 11. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) • Sufferers of episodic acute stress can be violently resistant to change. Only the promise of relief from pain and discomfort of their symptoms can keep them in treatment and on track in their recovery program • Often, lifestyle and personality issues are so ingrained and habitual with these individuals that they see nothing wrong with the way they conduct their lives. They blame their woes on other people and external events..
  12. 12. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) 3. Chronic Stress: While acute stress can be thrilling and exciting, chronic stress is not. This is the grinding stress that wears people away day after day, year after year. Chronic stress destroys bodies, minds and lives. It wreaks havoc through long-term attrition. It's the stress of poverty, of dysfunctional families, of being trapped in an unhappy marriage or in a despised job or career. It's the stress that never-ends.
  13. 13. TYPES OF STRESS – (cont’d) • Chronic stress comes when a person never sees a way out of a miserable situation. It's the stress of unrelenting demands and pressures for seemingly interminable periods of time. With no hope, the individual gives up searching for solutions. • Some chronic stresses stem from traumatic, early childhood experiences that become internalized and remain forever painful and present. Some experiences profoundly affect personality.
  14. 14. What causes stress
  15. 15. What causes stress? .
  16. 16. EXTERNAL FACTORS Physical environment including: • your job, • your relationships with others, • your home, and All the situations including: • challenges, • difficulties, and • expectations you're confronted with on a daily basis.
  17. 17. INTERNAL FACTORS Internal factors determine your body's ability to respond to, and deal with, the external stress- inducing factors. They include: • nutritional status, • overall health and fitness levels, • emotional well-being, and • the amount of sleep and rest you get.
  18. 18. Areas of the body affected by stress
  19. 19. WHAT CAUSES STRESS 1. Not having enough time: Many tasks on the list are left unattended against the schedule due to poor time management and not setting your priorities
  20. 20. 2: Unhealthy lifestyle: Whatever the reason, an unhealthy lifestyle can reduce your ability to cope with stress, and in some circumstances it may actually increase your stress levels.
  21. 21. 3. Taking on too much: You may have a tendency to take on too much both at work and in your home life, perhaps because you don’t want to let people down. If you do this, however, it will frequently lead to you stressing about having too much to do and not managing to achieve everything you have taken on.
  22. 22. 4: Conflicts in the workplace or at home: If relationships are strained at home or in the workplace, then it’s more than likely that you’ll be stressed about them. Conflicts might occur due to disagreements about how things should be done — and so you might feel that you have to stand your ground to make progress — but ultimately a lot of hot air will only contribute to your stress levels.
  23. 23. 5: Inability to accept things as they are: Some people don’t have the ability to accept things as they are or realise that certain situations are out of their control. If you try to change something that you really can’t change, then you’ll just be creating unnecessary stress that you can do without.
  24. 24. 6: Failure to take time out and relax: Being constantly on the go means that you will be in a heightened state of tension all the time and your body will never have the chance to get rid of your stress. Failing to take time out will also reduce your effectiveness in the long run.
  25. 25. 7: Non-work-related issues: Stress may be caused by a non-work-related issue such as a serious illness in the family, having to care for dependents, a bereavement, moving house, or debt problems. Often these issues are unavoidable and not something that you can readily deal with — but it’s worth trying to deal with them rather putting them off or trying to ignore them.
  26. 26. 8: Failure to see the humour in situations: Some people are often able to laugh in the face of adversity and seem to be able to brush aside problems and deal with them effectively. They essentially don’t allow themselves to become overly stressed. However, other people may not see the humour in some situations, and this may cause them to become more stressed.
  27. 27. 9: Particular situations that cause stress: Becoming stressed in some situations is sometimes unavoidable, and inevitably there are situations in which we can expect to be stressed from time to time, such as in the workplace or when you’re stuck in traffic and you need to get somewhere quickly.
  28. 28. 10. Major life changes Significant changes in things that we have become accustomed to can be a real cause of stress. For example, changing your job or moving house may be among the most stressful things you will do in your lifetime — which is possibly why most of us try to do it infrequently! Also, the process leading up to the change may be stressful in itself.
  29. 29. COPING WITH STRESS The duty of stress coping is to hold down the body when the stress reaction becomes harmful to the body due to the overwork of the body reacting to the stressor. But, if the stress coping does not work, the coping itself becomes a new stressor, which will cause a vicious circle.
  30. 30. . .
  31. 31. Drink less .
  32. 32. Choose an Exercise You Enjoy .
  33. 33. Exercise With Others for Support .
  34. 34. Become Actively Involved Being involved with others can help you regain a sense of purpose.
  35. 35. Get the Healthy Sleep You Need Start by going to bed and getting up the same time each day.
  36. 36. Avoid Alcohol and Drugs .
  37. 37. Keep grief short Let yourself grieve. Express your feelings to friends, in a support group, or to a grief counselor.
  38. 38. Be a jovial person A good laugh can relax muscles, reduce stress, and relieve pain.
  39. 39. Sex and stress are linked in several ways. Decreasing stress and increasing the quality of your sex life can benefit you in many ways.
  40. 40. Sex (cont’d) Within a healthy relationship, sex can be a fantastic stress reliever, as it incorporates several other stress relief ingredients--breathing, touch, social connection, and a few others--and brings a rush of endorphins and other beneficial chemicals with orgasm. It's another one of the more "fun" stress relievers that can also be quite effective.
  41. 41. Volunteer • Helping others can help you forget your own problems alongside other benefits.
  42. 42. Meditation Meditation brings short-term stress relief as well as lasting stress management benefits. There are many different forms of meditation to try-- each one is unique and brings its own appeal..
  43. 43. Swimming
  44. 44. Thank you for lending me your ears. You can now have them back. God bless you. God bless Kenya.

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