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It is one type of applied research
and conducted by a teacher to aid in
decision –making in the school.
It focuses on the solution of day-to-
day problems at the classroom
levels. It is less rigorous in terms of
design and methodology than other
educational research .
- is participatory
- is the establishment of self-critical
communities of work
- is open-minded
- is a process that we “test “our
ideas about our work
- is working in small groups of
Existence of an unsatisfactory condition, a felt
problem that need
Rationale of the study
• Background of the study
• Describe the problem situation
considering global, national and local
• Justify the existence of the problem
situation by citing statistical data and
• Make clinching statement that will relate
the background to the proposed research
Improving Learners’ Performance in Science and Health V
Through Computer Aided
This portion brings about the possible
approaches to solve the problem. It must give
good reasons for the use of such alternative
actions. It can be drawn from the list of
innovative methodologies that the DEPED
endorses for use in the elementary and high
b. Time Frame
c. Target Subjects
d. Activities to be undertaken
Time Frame Period of duration
of the study, the
beginning up to the
Target subjects focus of the
Indicates criterion by
which the researcher declares
the success of the study
State the specific purposes to address the problem areas of
the project. They should be clear as to what the project
intends to achieve and must be attainable within the
timeframe and resources required.
Formulation the Objectives
• Statements of the goals of the study
• Set the limit by which the problem will be studied
• Should be attainable under reasonable conditions
• Simple, specific, narrow enough to permit definite answers
Data to be collected
Statistical analysis needed
to answer the objectives
specified in the study.
The rule of the thump in the
presentation of results is to be guided by
the objectives of the study
Conclusions are inferences, deductions, abstractions ,
implications, interpretations , general statements , and or
generalization based upon the findings.
Conclusions should appropriately answer the specific
questions raised at the beginning of the study
Conclusions should be formulated concisely , that is, brief
and short, yet they convey all the necessary information
resulting from the study as required by the specific questions
Recommendations are appeal to people or entities
concerned to solve or help solve the problems
discovered in the study.
No recommendations should be made for a problem
, or anything for that matter, that has not been
discovered or discussed in the study.
There may also be recommendations for the
continuance of a good practice or system , or even
recommendations for its
Recommendations should aim for the ideal but
must be feasible, practical and attainable.
Recommendations should be addressed to the
persons , entities , agencies or offices which are in
position to implement them .
There should be a recommendation for further
research on the same topic in other places to verify or
negate the findings of the study.
Reflections talks about looking back
the original intentions of the
researcher and what has been
Aquino, Gaudencio V. Essentials of Research
and Thesis Writing. Quezon City : Alemars-
Phoenix Publishing House, Inc. 1974