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Patient safety and infection control

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Patient safety and infection control

  2. 2. Infection control... Protection of those vulnerable to infection Hygiene basic principle (Image taken from Clipart).
  3. 3. Nosocomial infection  Acquired in hospital or health-care setting AND:  Patient admitted for reason other than that infection  Infection was not present or (Image taken from Clipart). incubating at time of admission
  4. 4. Semmelweis (Best & Neuhauser, 2004).
  5. 5. So basically... Contact with Inadequate Transferral an infectious infection of bacteria to patient control next patient
  6. 6. Hand hygiene (WHO, 2009).
  7. 7. Why?
  8. 8. 20–30% of hospital-acquired infections are considered preventable by utilising hygiene and control programmes!!!! (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2011).
  9. 9. The literature... the lack of imperative or precise wording The lack of easily identifiable instructions specific to each profession the lack of concrete performance targets the lack of timely and adequate guidance on personal protective equipment and other safety measures
  10. 10. More literature...
  11. 11. A little more literature... Skills and curriculum for training of infection- control professionals Ratio of infection-control professionals to workload Strategies for implementation
  12. 12. Where does the responsibilitylie?  Management  Infection control teams  Physicians  Microbiologists  Pharmacists  Nursing staff  Sterilization staff  Food, laundry and housekeeping services  Visitors
  13. 13. References Best, M., & Neuhauser, D. (2004). Ignaz Semmelweis and the b irth of infection control. Quality safety health care, 13, 233-234. Ducel, G., Fabry, J., & Nicolle, L. (Eds.). (2002). Prevention of hospital-acquired infections: A practical guide (2nd ed.). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. (2011). Healthcare-associated infections. Retrieved from associated_infections/Pages/index.aspx Hand Hygiene Australia. (2012). What is hand hygiene? Retrieved from Macias, A., & Ponce-de-Leon, S. (2005). Infection control: Old problems and new challenges. Archives of medical research,36, 637-645. Timen, A., Hulscher, M., Rust, L., Steenbergen, J., Akkermans, R., Grol, R., & van der Meer, J. (2010). Barriers to implementing infection prevention and control guidelines during crises: Experiences of health care professionals. American journal of infection control, 38(9), 726-733. World Health Organisation. (2008). Core components for infection prevention and control programmes. Retrieved from World Health Organisation. (2009). WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care: First global patient safety challenge clean care is safer care. Geneva, Switzerland: Author. World Health Organisation. (2011). Infection control. Retrieved from Yokoe, D., & Klassen, D. (2008). Improving patient safety through infection control: A new healthcare imperative. Infection control & hospital epidemiology, 29(1), 3-11.