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Goa is India's smallest state by area and the fourth
smallest by population.
Located inWest India in the region known as
the Konkan, it is bounded by the state
of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to
the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its
Total Area : 3,702 km2
Population (2011) : 14,57,723
Goa is the smallest state of the Indian Union. It was part of
the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu.
It became the twenty fifth state in the Indian Union on
May 30th 1987 while Daman and Diu remained as union
ANIMAL : GAUR
TREE : CROCODILE
BIRD : BLACK CRESTED
LANGUAGES IN GOA
GOA- ART FORMS
Traditional Goan art forms are
Rice with fish curry is the staple diet in Goa.
Goan cuisine is famous for its rich variety of fish dishes
cooked with elaborate recipes.
Coconut and coconut oil are widely used in Goan
cooking along with chili peppers, spices,
and vinegar giving the food a unique flavour.
Pork dishes such as Vindaloo, Xacuti, chorisa, and
Khatkhate is a very popular dish during the celebrations
Sannas, Hitt, are variants of idli
Polle, Amboli, and Kailoleo are variants of dosa
A rich egg-based, multi-layered sweet dish known
The most popular alcoholic beverage in Goa is feni;
cashew feni is made from the fermentation of the fruit of
the cashew tree, while coconut feni is made from the sap of
toddy palms. Goa also has a rich wine culture
Goa International Airport , more commonly known
as Dabolim Airport, is an international airport located in
the city of Dabolim in Goa, India.
It is the only airport in the state and operates as a civil
enclave in a military airbase named INS Hansa .
The airport caters to scheduled domestic and international
Goa has scheduled international connections
to Doha, Dubai, Sharjah and Kuwait in the Middle East by
airlines like Air Arabia, Air India, GoAir, Indigo, SpiceJet, Jet
Airways, JetKonnect and Qatar Airways.
# Code Station Name State Place
1 CNO Canacona GOA Canacona
2 PERN Pernem GOA Pernem
3 VSG Vasco da Gama GOA Vasco da Gama
4 THVM Thivim GOA Thivim
5 KRMI Karmali Railway Station GOA Karmali Railway Station
6 SVM Sanverdam Chuch GOA Sanverdam Chuch
7 QLM Kulem GOA Kulem
8 MAO Madgaon GOA Madgaon
Goa's public transport largely consists of privately
operated buses linking the major towns to rural areas.
Government-run buses, maintained by the Kadamba
Goa has four National Highways passing through it.
NH-66 runs along India's west coast and links Goa
to Mumbai in the north and Mangalore to the south.
NH-4A running across the state connects the capital
Panjim to Belgaum in east, linking Goa to cities in
The NH-366 connects NH-66 to Mormugao Port from
The new NH-566 is a four-lane highway connecting
Mormugao Port to NH-66 at Verna via Dabolim Airport,
Hired forms of transport include unmetered taxis and
Another form of transportation in Goa is the motorcycle
taxi, operated by drivers who are locally called "pilots"
The Mormugao harbour near the city of Vasco
Panjim, which is on the banks of the Mandovi, has a
minor port, which used to handle
passenger steamers between Goa and Mumbai till the late
There was also a short-lived catamaran service linking
Mumbai and Panaji operated by Damania Shipping in the
KUSKEM WATER FALL
The Kuskem waterfall is located in the Canacona taluka in
It is situated in idyllic Kuskem village at about 20 km
from the Cotigao wildlife sanctuary off NH 17.
It is best visited only during the rainy season as it dries
out during the summers. The water falls from a lofty
source leaving a clear leap of milky water.
DUDHSAGAR WATER FALL
Dudhsagar Falls (literally Sea of Milk ) is a four-tiered
waterfall located on the Mandovi River in the Indian state
It is 60 km from Panaji by road and is located on
the Madgaon-Belgaum rail route about 46 km south
of Madgaon and 60 km north of Belgaum.
Dudhsagar Falls is amongst India's tallest waterfalls with
a height of 310 m(1017 feet) and an average width of 30
metres (100 feet).
The falls is located in the BhagwanMahaveer Sanctuary
and Mollem National Park amongst theWestern ghats.
The falls are not particularly spectacular during the dry
season but during the monsoon season however, the falls
are fed by rains
ARVALEM WATER FALLS
A thunderous spurt of water beautifully cascading down a
rocky terrain of a mountain!
it is located at Arvalem, around 9 km from Bicholim, North
With water falling headlong from a height of 70 meters, it
makes up for an absolutely breathtaking view.
TAMBDI SURLA FALLS
Trekking through the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Santurar
will reach you to the Tambdi Surla falls.
There is a sacred temple which is there from the 15th
century of Lord Shiva and one must not forget to visit
that when they are at the foots of waterfalls.
The water flows from the hills and are a spectacular view
with green all around due to the bushes and trees
The Pequeno or Bat Island of Goa is a very popular
destination for many holiday makers around the world.
The Pequeno Island is a great place for tourists to visit,
especially those who are looking for some adventure while
they are holidaying in Goa.
The Pequeno Island has mostly rocky beaches, but they are
strikingly beautiful. There is also a small stretch of
greenery on the island
The Island forms a great surprise for those seeking adventures
and comprises of a small rocky beach and a small stretch of green.
The Bat Island is famous for snorkeling and is considered a
perfect destination for the snorkelers.
The island provides a very interesting stopover along the Goan
coast and can be reached by a 30 minute ride into the sea
ISLAND OF DIVAR
The island of Divar can be reached by a ferry ride on both sides:
the ferry on the north side of the island is at Old Goa about 7 kms
from Panaji and the ferry on the south side is from Narwe
The famous Bonderam festival is celebrated in Divar, during the
monsoon with great fanfare and attended by thousands of tourists
A beautiful example of the historical monuments present in Goa is
the Arvalem Caves or the “Pandava Caves”.
Located in the Bicholim town of North Goa
These caves are ancient rock cut caves that give us a chance to
steep into the mythological tales.
The origin of these caves dates back to the 6th century.
Lamgau Caves : These man - made caves are famous tourist spot
which cannot be missed out when on a trip to Goa.
They can be approached by a tough trek from the Lamgau
Village itself or by driving through Bicholim on the road towards
The Lamgua caves are dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is a stone
Linga installed with a Tulsi Vrindavan and a small Nandi Bull
image in the simple courtyard.
FORT - TIRACOL
Fort Tiracol, sometimes known as Terekhol Fort, is a fort
in Goa, India.
Located on the northern tip of Goa at the mouth of the Tiracol
Fort Tiracol is reached by a ferry from Querim, 42 km North
The site chosen was a hillock on the Northern (right) bank of the
river, which gave a commanding view of the Arabian sea.
FORT - AGUADA
The Fort Aguada in Goa is situated at the estuary of River
Mandovi, in Bardez Taluka, North Goa.
It is just 18 km from Panjim, the capital city of Goa.
The Fort Aguada is one of the oldest among the various forts of
The fort was built in the 17th century.
The Church of St Lawrence situated nearby is another reason
for visiting this place.
This fort is situated near the Anjuna beach and the Vagator beach
of North Goa
Chapora Fort, located in Bardez, Goa, rises high above
the Chapora River.
Chapora Fort was constructed in about 1617 but fell twice
CABO DE RAMA FORT
Also known as Cape Rama Fort, this ancient fortress is
located in the Canacona district of Goa
The popular Goan beach fort Cabo de Rama is named after
Inside the Cabo de Rama Fort, there is the church of Santo
Antonio which is in excellent condition and is still used by
Cliffs drop steeply to the sea provide a panoramic outlook of the
surrounding areas, at the western side of the fortress.
The fort provides majestic views of the entire length of Colva
beach and the Canacona stretch.
The Alorna fort is situated in the village of Alorna which is about
30 km from Mapusa and 10 km east off NH 17 from Malpem in
It was built by the Bhonsles of Sawantwadi in the 17th century
The fort is presently in a dilapidated condition. It is however a
beautiful site to explore as it is perched on the banks of the river
Chapora as it flows peacefully towards Colvale
Located at Old Goa, 10 kilometres east of Panaji
The Bom Jesus Basilica is a World Heritage Monument.
The foundation stone of this remarkably large church was laid on
24 November 1594
The Bom Jesus Basilica, perhaps Goa's most famous church and
among the most revered by Christians worldwide, is partially in
ruins but still a model of simplicity and elegance, and a fine
example of Jesuit architecture
The Church of St. Francis of Assisi was built in 1661 by
the Portuguese in the Portuguese Viceroyalty of India
The three tier facade have octagonal towers on each side and in
the central niche there is a statue of St. Michael.
The main entrance is decorated with circular pilasters and rosette
The central nave is barrel-vaulted while the crossing is rib-vaulted
which supports the choir.
The internal buttress walls, separating the chapels and supporting
the gallery on top, have frescoes showing floral designs.
Above the tabernacle in the main altar is a large statue of St.
Francis of Assisi and Jesus on the cross, statues of St.
Peter and St. Paul are seen below.
The adjoining walls of nave retain painted panels depicting scenes
from the life of St Francis of Assisi.
CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF ROSARY
Not far to the west of the Basilica of the Bom Jesus is the Holy Hill
at the extremity of which is the Church of Our Lady of the
Built of laterite and plastered with lime mortar, it has a two-storeyed
The portico as well as the façade of the church has rounded
towers on either side with the cross on top. The roof of the church
is tiled, supported by wooden rafters.
The church has three alters and two chapels.
The main alter is dedicated to the Lady of Rosary.
The church has the look of a fortress as it has rounded towers and
windows near the roof.
The design of the church suggest unmistakable Gothic inf
Se Cathedral is the largest church in Asia and is known for its
giant bells and exquisite architecture.
Se Cathedral is a well known cathedral and the main altar is
dedicated to Catherine of Alexandria
The church is fringed with Tuscan exteriors and is 250 feet in
length and 181 feet in width.
The Portuguese during their susspremacy built this impressive
structure in the 16th century.
The Cathedral stands tall towards the west of the great square
called Terreiro de Sabaio and has its porch facing the east
Aguada beach is almost synonymous with the top-notch Fort
Aguada Hotel complex, a superb hotel that is built on the cliff,
around the remnants of the early 17th century Portuguese fort.
Although access to the beach is not possible through the hotel
grounds, which are private, you can walk along Aguada beach, for
in India private beaches do not exist
Located about 18kms from Panaji and situated in Bardez taluka,
the Anjuna Beach is the part of a 30 km extended beach coastline
along the west coast of Goa by the Arabian sea
The beach is famous for its stunning natural beauty with swaying
palms trees and soft powered white sands
Arambol Beach is a traditional fisherman village, located
approximately a one hour drive from the Dabolim Airport (GOI)
within the Pernem administrative region of northern Goa, India.
The beach attracts many international tourists, mainly during the
winter season between November and March.
Dolphin watching boat trips and paragliding are amongst the fun
activities on this beach along with Wind and Kite surfing, Body-boarding,
Arambol has a distinct bohemian feel which is no longer found in
other areas, such as Calangute and this inevitably attracts many
It borders North on Keri Beach and South on Mandrem Beach.
Baga Beach is one of the most beautiful beaches in Goa. This
beach is basically an extension of Calangute Beach Holydays and
is a part of 30 kms coastline along the west coast of Goa.
The sunset and sunrise of Baga Beach are also very mesmerizing
and is a treat for a nature lovers eyes.
The beach offers excellent swimming, surfing and snorkeling
Calangute is the beach to which everyone heads for the moment
they land in Goa.
So it is natural that it is overcrowded in both in peak and off
This huge seven-kilometre sweep of sand located 15 kms from
Panaji, is called the 'Queen of Beaches'.
All the travel agencies and tour operators have a base here from
where bookings are done for most of all the other beaches
Located 14 kms north of Panaji in the state of Goa, the Candolim
Beach is a part of a long extension of beach coastline along the
Arabian Sea that begins at Fort Aguada and ends at Chapora
Candolim beach offers various water-sports activities-right from
parasailing to water-skiing, wind surfing and so on.
Fishing is an activity for those who love peaceful and quiet
Yoga & meditation has also gained popularity here because of the
The Colva Beach lies about 6 Kms to the west of Margao and is
the oldest, largest and the most spectacular beaches of South Goa
other main attraction for the tourists is the "Menino Jesus" statue
at the local church of Igreja de Nossa Senhora de Piedade ( Our
Lady of Mercy)
Although the Colva Beach has never been a hilarious destination
for rave parties, Colva's nightlife is livelier and vibrant than
anywhere else in south Goa.
The two most happening nightspots are down in the dunes south
of the beachfront area: splash boasts a big MTV satellite screen
and music to match, and a late bar and disco energize and rock
crowds around 10.00 pm
The Palolem Beach is located about 2-km West of Chaudi,
Canacona District of South Goa and is also known as the
It is the place of glorious sunsets and stunning sunrises with
backdrop of Western Ghats situated in Southern Taluka of
Miramar Beach is situated 1 kilometer ahead of the confluence of
Mandovi River and the Arabian Sea.
It is situated on the way towards Dona Paula, about 3 kilometers
from Panjim, the capital city of Goa.
Miramar Beach of Goa is also known as 'Gasper Dias'
It is a golden beach fringed with palm trees. The soft sands of the
beach makes it the best site for evening walks
The silver sand beds of the beach are said to sparkle in the
Mobor Beach is an ideal location for the adventure tourists.
It is one of the most popular beaches in Goa.
which enables the tourists to indulge in adventure sports such as
water skiing, water surfing, jet ski, banana and bump rides and
Varca Beach is one most popular tourist sites in Goa.
It is one of the most beautiful and exotic beaches of Goaand is
situated about 2 kilometers from Benaulim.
The beach is marked by a number of wooden boats, belonging to
the fishermen of the city.
The Varca Beach in Goa is known to its soft white sands and its
cleanliness. It is one of the cleanest beaches in Goa
The tourists can spend their time watching dolphins or enjoying
boat trips on the river Sal.
The Sinquerim Beach of Goa is located some 13 km away from
Panaji and is stunningly beautiful and quieter than the other
beaches of Goa.
This long, extended sandy terrain that runs incessantly along the
coast is ideal for taking a walk.
The feel of the glistening sands and the cool water caressing the
feet gives you out of the feeling
The Vagator beach located near Mapusa Road, North Goa and 22
km far from the state capital Panaji is less crowded and isolated
compared to other Goan beaches
It boasts of pure white sand, doted with black lava rocks and
swaying coconut and palm trees
The Brahma temple is situated 7 kms from Valpoi and 60 kms
from Panaji in the village of Brahma Carambolim in the Satari
It is the only temple in Goa that is dedicated to Lord Brahma and
is also one of the few important temples found in India that is
dedicated to Lord Brahma.
The temple is situated 37 kms at Dattawadi, Sanquelim, and 40
kms. from Margao
Shri Datta Mandir at Sanquelim is well known all over Goa for
the miraculous cure for mental troubles which the deity, the
Hindu Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar, is said of offer.
Located 17 km from state capital Panaji, Marcel in Ponda taluka
The unique feature of this temple is that this is the only temple in
India where Lord Krishna is worshipped alongside mother
Devaki as Devakikrishna.
The ancient Chandreshwar Temple also known as the
Chandranath Temple is situated on the road to Quepem, about 14
km from Margao.
It is located on the Chandranath parvat, a heavily wooded hill
about 350 mt high and is dedicated to an incarnation of Shiva, the
Lord of the Moon
The Shri Damodar Temple is one of the most beautiful and
famous architecture constructions in Goa.
It stands on the bank of Kushawati River near the Zambaulim
Village, just 22 km from the City of Margao on the border of
Quepem region (Quepem taluk) and Sanguem region (Sanguem
taluk), in Soth Goa
The Mahalaxmi temple is located in Bandora, 4 kms from Ponda.
The temple was built to honor Mahalaxmi, the goddess of peace.
The temple has a silver arched doorway with a pillared hall.
The main temple of Mahalaxmi is located in Kolhapur,
The Maruti Temple lies at the center of Mapusa city.
The temple is dedicated to Lord Maruti, the monkey God.
In the year 1843 Ramdasibuva came Mapusa with a silver idol of
Maruti and the temple was built and idol was placed.
Its mini zoo, sprawling deer park in natural habitat, botanical and
rose gardens attract people throughout the year.
The Bondla wildlife sanctuary is about 50 Kms from Panaji and 38
Kms from Margao and 20 Kms east of Ponda. It is more of a
jungle resort with tourist cottages available on site run by the
The common animals that inhabit the sanctuary are the Gaur and
the Sambhar deer. It is a popular destination for school picnics. It
is closed on Thursdays
Gaur the state animal is frequently seen.
The Panther is the largest carnivora and the Jungle Cat, Leopard
Cat, Toddy Cat are others.
Herbivorous consist of Deers (Sambar, Spotted, Hog, Barking
and Mouse) Wild Boar, Porcupines Scaly Ant Eater, and Malabar
The diminutive Flying lizard (Draco) is fairly common.
Along the north from Panaji on the road to Belgaum, is a
sanctuary that covers 240-sq-kms. Thick forest clad slopes of the
Western Ghats that is rich in wildlife and a paradise for bird
Contains within it The Molem National Park
Animals that are sheltered in the sanctuary, including Gaur,
Sambar, Leopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats,
Malayan Giant Squirrels, Pythons and Cobras.
Jeeps on private arrangements go to the interior of the forest
It is more convenient to view wild animals from the Devil's
Canion View Point. Bird lovers may also find their best time over
It is situated in Canacona Taluka, in the south of Goa. It lies at
about 2 km from Poinguinim , which is 10 km away from Chaudi,
the main town of Cancacona on NH17
The CotigaoWildlife Sanctuary, was established in 1969 to
protect a remote and vulnerable area of forest lining the Goa-
The sanctuary is known for its dense forest of tall trees, some of
which reach 30 metres in height. The forest supports moist
deciduous trees, semi-evergreen trees, and evergreen trees.
A special feature of the sanctuary is a treetop watchtower
positioned 25 metres above a watering hole where animals go to
drink. The best times to visit the watchtower are dawn and dusk
when animals are most likely to be visiting.
Animals in the sanctuary include :
Malabar pit viper
hump-nosed pit viper
Malabar trogon,velvet-fronted nuthatch
draco or flying lizard
golden-back gliding snake
Malabar tree toad
Several tribal groups live in and around the sanctuary including
the Velip and the Kunbil.
Visitors can interact with these communities to learn about their
culture and lifestyle.
Doctor on Call
Safe Deposit Locker Facility
Wi-fi (charges apply)
Computer on Request
Buy sarongs and trinkets
made of sea shells as
souvenirs from a perfect
beach holiday or treat
yourself to fried prawns
and beer at one of these
stalls. Also, look out for
metal, leather and clay
items, accessories, textiles
and carpets at the