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Figurative Language

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Figurative Language

  1. 1. Figurative Language
  2. 2. What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
  3. 3. Types of Figurative Language • Imagery • Simile • Metaphor • Alliteration • Personification • Onomatopoeia • Hyperbole • Idioms • Irony • Euphemism • Metonymy • Antithesis • Apostrophe • Assonance • Paradox • Litotes • Oxymoron • Synecdoche • Symbolism
  4. 4. Imagery • Sight • Hearing • Touch • Taste • Smell Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.
  5. 5. Simile Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands. A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as.
  6. 6. Simile as faithful as a dog. as punctual as a clock. as ferocious as a tiger. as big as an elephant. “Good coffee is like friendship: rich, warm and strong.”
  7. 7. Metaphor A figure of speech that compares two unlike things WITHOUT using the words like or as and states the comparison as if it were a fact. •The conductor’s voice was a bass drum echoing throughout the car. • You are the light in my life. • Love is a lie Examples:
  8. 8. Personification Example: “The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea.
  9. 9. Personification examples… • The wind whistled against my cheeks. • The sun greeted me this morning. • The flowers begged for water. • The wind screamed as it raced around the house. • Lightning danced across the sky. • Trees bowed to the ground. • The carved pumpkin smiled at me.
  10. 10. Alliteration Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
  11. 11. Alliteration examples… • Carries cat clawed her couch, creating chaos. • Dan’s dog dove deep in the dam, drinking dirty water as he dove. • Eric’s eagle eats eggs, enjoying each episode of eating. • Fred’s friends fried Fritos for Friday’s food. • Hannah’s home has heat hopefully. • Alice’s aunt ate apples and acorns around August.
  12. 12. Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
  13. 13. Hyperbole Hyperbole is an outrageous exaggeration that emphasizes a point, and can be ridiculous or funny.
  14. 14. Hyperbole examples… • The lottery winner's grin stretched from New York City to Los Angeles. • You snore louder than a freight train. • I have died everyday waiting for you • It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets. • I am so hungry that I can eat a horse. • I had a ton of homework
  15. 15. Idioms An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language.
  16. 16. Idioms Example: You should keep your eye out for him. To keep an eye out for someone means to watch out for them.
  17. 17. Irony Example: Irony is the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really think especially in order to be funny. • “This is my brilliant son who failed out of college.” • She’s a great singer who sings like a crow.
  18. 18. Euphemism Example: • Passed away – died • I’m busy – Leave me the alone • Your being let go – Your Fired The substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant
  19. 19. Examples : METONYMY In Metonymy an object is designated by the name of the something which is generally associated with it. The crown, for kings. Red-coats, for British soldiers.
  20. 20. In antithesis a striking opposition of words or sentiments, is made in the same sentence. ANTITHESIS They promised freedom and provided slavery. Example:
  21. 21. Many are called but few are chosen
  22. 22. The addressing od usually absent people or a usually personified thing rhetorically. Apostrophe Carlye’s “O Liberty, what things are done in thy name. Example:
  23. 23. LITOTES In Litotes an affirmative is conveyed by negation of the opposite, the effect being to suggest a strong expression by means of a weaker. It is the opposite of Hyperbole. Not unhappy Not a bad singer Examples : Not unlike
  24. 24. The use of words that have the same or very similar vowel sounds near one another. Assonance • Example: • Summer fun • Rise high in the bright sky.
  25. 25. In which a statement appears to contradict itself Paradox • Example: • “War is Peace.” • “Freedom is slavery.” • “Ignorance is strength.” • My weakness is my strength.
  26. 26. Oxymoron Example: • Great Depression • Criminal Justice • Hell’s Angels Contradictory terms appear side by side. Known as a compressed paradox.
  27. 27. Examples: SYNECDOCHE In Synecdoche a part is used to designate the whole or the whole to designate a part. • Give us this day our daily bread (for food) • He has many mouths to feed. • A ten sail (for ten ships) • As a creature (for a man)
  28. 28. Symbolism Examples: • A heart means love • Tears- Emotion • Red light means stop • Light bulb means “new idea” Something that represents something else by association, resemblance, or convention