Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.
Skin Cancer
By: Angela Del Fiacco
Thesis
• Skin cancer is becoming a big problem in the
United States. It is important to know how to
prevent skin cancer an...
• Skin cancer is a disease
– The uncontrolled growth of abnormal
skin cells
– It is very slow to develop
– (http://www.sou...
Skin Cancer Statistics
• Most common cancer in the US
• 1 in 5 Americans will deal with it
• About 90 % of the visible cha...
Self Examination is Important
• Skin cancer is the most
common cancer
• Affects millions a year &
rising
• Easiest cancer ...
Basal Cell Carcinoma
• Can form anywhere on the
body
• Can look many different
ways
• Can be treated
– ((http://www.south-...
Signs of Basal Cell Carcinoma
• Pearly or waxy bumps
• Flat, flesh-colored or brown lesions
• Open sores that bleed, ooze,...
Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment
• Electrodessication and
Curettage
• Freezing
• Excision
• Micrographic surgery
• Laser sur...
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
• Forms in the squamous
cells
• Can form anywhere on the
body
• Most commonly caused by
overexposu...
Signs of Squamous Cell Carcinoma
• Crusted/scaly area on
the skin
• Bump or thickened skin
on the lower lip that
will not ...
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatment
• Freezing
• Laser therapy
• Mohs surgery
• Radiation therapy
• Chemotherapy
• (www.mayo...
Melanoma
• Causes most deaths
• Nearly 100 % curable
• Hereditary
• Moles, brown spots and
growths on the skin are
most li...
Signs of Melanoma
• Change in size, shape,
color or feel of a mole
• Swollen lymph nodes
• Weight loss
• (http://www.medic...
Melanoma Treatment
• There are many
medications
• Excision
• Lymphadenectomy
• Also must always
protect skin after having
...
ABCDE rule
• A stands for Asymmetry
• B stands for Border
• C for Color
• D for Diameter
• E for Evolving
• (http://www.sk...
The Layers of The Skin
(google images)
The Sun
– Sunburn may take 20 years + for skin cancer to
form
– By the age of 18, most people receive 80% of
lifetime expo...
• Exposure to tanning beds before the age of 30
increases a the risk of developing melanoma
by 75 %
• (http://www.cnn.com)...
Tanning Beds
• Are listed as carcinogen
• "Both the sun and tanning beds have been unnecessarily demonized by
special inte...
Indoor Tanning Statistics
• Nearly 30 million people tan indoors in the
U.S. every year; 2.3 million of them are teens
• 7...
Vitamin D
• Helps keep bones healthy
• Prevent fractures
• Maintain muscle strength
• Reduces the risk of:
– Colon Cancer
...
Jersey Shore Cast Speaks Out About
Skin Cancer
• "Jersey Shore"'s Snooki announced that "she
does not want to die from ski...
Spray Tan
• The alternate to tanning beds!
• Cancer free
• Available in high-end salon or spas
Prevention
– Seek shade between 10
AM and 4 PM
– Cover up
– Use sun screen 15 SPF or
higher every day
– Examine skin head ...
Who is more prone to skin cancer?
People with lighter skin
“The skin tans when UV radiation is absorbed by the skin, causi...
Avoid over exposure if..
• Previously treated for skin cancer
• Have a family history of skin cancer
• Have lots of moles
...
Avoid over exposure if...
continued
• Work indoors all week and then get intense
sun exposure on weekends
• Spend a lot of...
Things You Should Know
• The sun can seriously damage your eyes
• Rays can travel through car & home windows
• “Whites are...
Fighting It
• 10 % excise tax
on the use of
indoor tanning
• About 32
states regulate
use of tanning
for minors
• (http://...
Example: SPF 15 X 20 minutes = 300 minutes without burning
(Skin Cancer by Po-Lin-So)
(flickr)
Read the label!
• Expiration
date
• Waterproof
• Skin irritation
• 2 types of sun
screen
• (Skin Cancer by Po-Lin-So)
• (f...
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Skin Cancer

9.035 visualizaciones

Publicado el

  • Inicia sesión para ver los comentarios

Skin Cancer

  1. 1. Skin Cancer By: Angela Del Fiacco
  2. 2. Thesis • Skin cancer is becoming a big problem in the United States. It is important to know how to prevent skin cancer and the signs to catch it early.
  3. 3. • Skin cancer is a disease – The uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells – It is very slow to develop – (http://www.south-seas.com) – (flickr)
  4. 4. Skin Cancer Statistics • Most common cancer in the US • 1 in 5 Americans will deal with it • About 90 % of the visible changes of aging are caused by the sun • The majority of people diagnosed with melanoma are white men over age 50 • (www.skincancer.org)
  5. 5. Self Examination is Important • Skin cancer is the most common cancer • Affects millions a year & rising • Easiest cancer to cure • (http://www.skincancer.org)
  6. 6. Basal Cell Carcinoma • Can form anywhere on the body • Can look many different ways • Can be treated – ((http://www.south-seas.com) • (google images) The most common type of cancer
  7. 7. Signs of Basal Cell Carcinoma • Pearly or waxy bumps • Flat, flesh-colored or brown lesions • Open sores that bleed, ooze, crust or remain open for 3 or more week • Scar like areas • Reddish patches • (http://mayoclinic.com) • (http://www.healthscout.com • (google images)
  8. 8. Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment • Electrodessication and Curettage • Freezing • Excision • Micrographic surgery • Laser surgery • Can reoccur after treatment • (http://www.healthscout.com) • (google images)
  9. 9. Squamous Cell Carcinoma • Forms in the squamous cells • Can form anywhere on the body • Most commonly caused by overexposure to sunlight • People who use tanning beds are 2.5 more likely to develop this cancer • (http://www.skincancer.org) • (google images) Second most common skin cancer
  10. 10. Signs of Squamous Cell Carcinoma • Crusted/scaly area on the skin • Bump or thickened skin on the lower lip that will not heal • Wart-like growth • Sore that does not heal • Red, scaly patches/bumps • (http://www.skincarephysicians.com) • (google images)
  11. 11. Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatment • Freezing • Laser therapy • Mohs surgery • Radiation therapy • Chemotherapy • (www.mayoclinic.com) • (google images)
  12. 12. Melanoma • Causes most deaths • Nearly 100 % curable • Hereditary • Moles, brown spots and growths on the skin are most likely harmless • (http://www.skincancer.org) • (google images) Most serious form of skin cancer
  13. 13. Signs of Melanoma • Change in size, shape, color or feel of a mole • Swollen lymph nodes • Weight loss • (http://www.medicinenet.com) • (google images) • Grey skin • Ongoing cough • Severe headaches • Seizures
  14. 14. Melanoma Treatment • There are many medications • Excision • Lymphadenectomy • Also must always protect skin after having this cancer • (http://www.webmd.com) • (google images)
  15. 15. ABCDE rule • A stands for Asymmetry • B stands for Border • C for Color • D for Diameter • E for Evolving • (http://www.skincancer.org)
  16. 16. The Layers of The Skin (google images)
  17. 17. The Sun – Sunburn may take 20 years + for skin cancer to form – By the age of 18, most people receive 80% of lifetime exposure • One serious sunburn can increase risks by 50% • Give vitamin D • Give off both UVA and UVB ray • (http://www.south-seas.com) • (http://www.emedicinehealth.com)
  18. 18. • Exposure to tanning beds before the age of 30 increases a the risk of developing melanoma by 75 % • (http://www.cnn.com) • (flikr)
  19. 19. Tanning Beds • Are listed as carcinogen • "Both the sun and tanning beds have been unnecessarily demonized by special interests using junk science and scare tactics” • Bad because they cause cancer, good because gives off vitamin D • Exposure can raise skin cancer risk even without causing sunburn • (http://www.skincarephysicians.com) • (http://www.emedicinehealth.com) • (google images)
  20. 20. Indoor Tanning Statistics • Nearly 30 million people tan indoors in the U.S. every year; 2.3 million of them are teens • 71 % of tanning salon patrons are girls and women aged 16-29 • The indoor tanning industry has an annual estimated revenue of $5 billion • (www.skincancer.org)
  21. 21. Vitamin D • Helps keep bones healthy • Prevent fractures • Maintain muscle strength • Reduces the risk of: – Colon Cancer – Breast Cancer – Multiple sclerosis – High blood pressure – (http://www.skincarephysicians.com) – (http://www.usnews.com) – (google images)
  22. 22. Jersey Shore Cast Speaks Out About Skin Cancer • "Jersey Shore"'s Snooki announced that "she does not want to die from skin cancer" on Wednesday’s edition of "Extra". The Skin Cancer Foundation’s Senior Vice President, Dr. Deborah S. Sarnoff, sat down with the cast of MTV’s hit show to discuss the dangers of tanning in an effort to put an end to their favorite motto "GTL", which stands for Gym, Tanning, Laundry. The intervention was successful and the "Jersey Shore" roommates plan to make the switch to spray tanning. • (http://www.skincancer.org/) • (http://www.skincancer.org/Tanning/jerseyshoreintervention.htm)l (video)
  23. 23. Spray Tan • The alternate to tanning beds! • Cancer free • Available in high-end salon or spas
  24. 24. Prevention – Seek shade between 10 AM and 4 PM – Cover up – Use sun screen 15 SPF or higher every day – Examine skin head to toe every month – Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths – (http://www.skincancer.org)
  25. 25. Who is more prone to skin cancer? People with lighter skin “The skin tans when UV radiation is absorbed by the skin, causing an increase in the activity and number of melanocytes, the cells that make the pigment melanin. Melanin helps to block out damaging rays up to a point, which is why the skin of darker-skinned people burns less easily. “ (http://www.cancer.org)
  26. 26. Avoid over exposure if.. • Previously treated for skin cancer • Have a family history of skin cancer • Have lots of moles • Have freckles/sunburn before tanning • Have fair skin or blond, red, or light brown hair • Live or vacation in tropical or subtropical climates
  27. 27. Avoid over exposure if... continued • Work indoors all week and then get intense sun exposure on weekends • Spend a lot of time outdoors • Have had an organ transplant • Take medicines that lower your immunity • Take oral contraceptives • Taking antibiotics • (http://www.cancer.org)
  28. 28. Things You Should Know • The sun can seriously damage your eyes • Rays can travel through car & home windows • “Whites are about 20 times more susceptible to melanoma than African Americans” • Dark chocolate helps protect the skin • (Skin Cancer by Bonnie Juettner) • (www.skincancer.org)
  29. 29. Fighting It • 10 % excise tax on the use of indoor tanning • About 32 states regulate use of tanning for minors • (http://www.ncsl.org) • (flickr)
  30. 30. Example: SPF 15 X 20 minutes = 300 minutes without burning (Skin Cancer by Po-Lin-So) (flickr)
  31. 31. Read the label! • Expiration date • Waterproof • Skin irritation • 2 types of sun screen • (Skin Cancer by Po-Lin-So) • (flickr)

×