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Design of Satellite Based Solution for Indonesian Far and Outermost Islands

Final Year Project | Teelecommunication Engineering | IT Telkom | Bandung

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Design of Satellite Based Solution for Indonesian Far and Outermost Islands

  1. 1. PERANCANGAN SOLUSI TEKNOLOGI BERBASISSATELIT UNTUK MENJAGA DAN MEMBANGUNPULAU-PULAU TERLUAR INDONESIAa Final Year Project byUun Ainurrofiq111070126Telco Engineering - Institut Teknologi Telkom1st Advisor : Miftadi Sudjai, Ir. M.Sc., M.Phil.2nd Advisor : Sholekan ST.
  2. 2. INDONESIA : The Beautiful Archipelagic Country
  3. 3. The biggest archipelago in the globe17.504 Islands --> 7.870 named + 9.634 unnamed[Data : Depertemen Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia]
  4. 4. The far and outermost island• Adjacent directly with our neighboring countryAustralia, Malaysia, Singapura, India, Thailand,Vietnam, Filipina, Papua Nugini, and Timor Leste.• UNCLOS-III (United Nations Convention On the Law Ofthe Sea) 1982, ratified by Indonesia in Undang-undangNo. 17 tahun 1985. Chapter47 Verse 1 UNCLOS,“Archipelagic country may take archipelagic baseline tomeasure its water territory from the outermost pointto decide The Sea Territory, Additional Zone, ExclusiveEconomic Zone (ZEE), and Continent Base.“
  5. 5. The far and outermost island
  6. 6. The far and outermost island
  7. 7. Satellite : The Rising Solution
  8. 8. Satellite : Global Coverage
  9. 9. Research Objectives1. Understanding the special character ofcommunication needs in the outermostisland2. Designing the concept of satellite basedcommunication facility project.3. Calculating the technical and economicrecommendation of the project.
  10. 10. Problem Limitation1. Designed for small island with area size < 2000 km2 and hasgeographic coordinate which connect the base line2. In this condition, the use of conventional terrestrial infrastructureis not effective. Therefore, we calculate the design of pure satellitebased. However, if it will be implemented in other area which hasexisting terestrial network, that factor must be taken in toaccount.3. Using Telkom 2 Satellite with GEO Orbit4. Economic Analysis only cover CAPEX, OPEX and Total Project Costfor certain given time. We not calculate the NPV, IRR etc becausethe population are not economically capable yet. The project isproposed to be funded by the UASF / USO5. Design and Technical calculation is limited to satelliteinfrastructure. Content enrichment and post-instalation follow upmerely discussed up to the conceptual brief.
  11. 11. Research Work Flow
  12. 12. NeedsOutermostIslandNationalDefenseEducationandTechnologyHealth Careand DisasterManagementEconomyand Welfare
  13. 13. Solution Model#1. Outermost islands node mapping
  14. 14. #2. Setting the priority islands
  15. 15. #3. Proposed Network ArchitectureHub : Cibinong(106.94 BT ; 6.45 LS ; 130m dpl).Remote : Miangas(5.567 LU,126.567 BT).
  16. 16. #4. Space Segment ConfigurationFrequency Band Uplink (GHz) Downlink (GHz)C-Band 5.925 - 6.425 3.700 - 4.200Ext- C-Band 6.725 - 7.025 4.500 - 4.800Ku-Band 14.000 -14.500 10.950 - 11.700Frequency Advantages WeaknessC-Band· Available Worldwide· Tahan dari redaman hujanRain attenuation (0,4 to 1 dB)· Antena berukuran relatif lebih besar· Rentan terhadap interferensi dariterrestrial microwave dan adjacentsatelliteKu-Band· Kapasitas relatif besar· Antena berukuran relatif lebihkecil (0,6 – 1,8 m)· Rentan dari redaman hujan Attenuationrange (6 to 10 dB)· Availability terbatas (faktor regional)
  17. 17. #5. Satellite ParameterParameter Satelit Telkom 2Nama Telkom 2Owner PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia TbkPabrik Orbital Sciences USAPeluncur ArianeSpace PerancisLongitude 118 BTCoverage ASEAN India GuamKapasitas 24 Transponder C BandBW Transponder 36 MHzFrekuensi Uplink 3700 - 4200 MHzFrekuensi Downlink 5850 - 6400 MHzEIRP 39 – 42 dBWSFD 88 – 105 dBWG/T -1.4 - 2.7 dB/KPad 0 - 22 dBIBO/OBO 6/4 dBTWTA Power 39 WattTelkom 2 Coverage Footprint
  18. 18. #6. Ground Segment ConfigurationHub : Cibinong(106.94 BT ; 6.45 LS)130m aslRemote : Miangas(5.567 LU,126.567 BT)Satelite : Telkom 2118 BT
  19. 19. #6. Power SupplyPLNGeneratorSolar CellMicro Hydro
  20. 20. #7. Funding SchemeSource of Universal Access and Service Funds(UASF) for Rural AreaGovermmenet Budget(APBN) IndustrialSupport(in Indonesia 1.25 % of Company Gross Profit) Regulation Activity(license competition, frequency spectrum auction etc) International Donor(ex. World Bank)
  21. 21. #7. Funding Scheme
  22. 22. #8. Post-Installation
  23. 23. Data Traffic EstimationManufacturers and Internet VSAT Service Providers (ISPs)use the following assumptions as conventions for InternetTraffic [Intelsat Handbook]. Most of the traffic is browsing traffic.. Of the registered users, only 10 percent are logged-in at any given time,. Of the logged-in users only 20 percent are active at any given time, andmost of these are reading received information or performing other shortterm tasks,. The inbound to outbound traffic ratio is1/10.. For browsing purposes, a minimum throughput of 9.6 kbit/s is requiredfor the inbound channel.
  24. 24. Data Traffic Estimation
  25. 25. 020040060020 100 250 640 673 1436Bandwidth(kbps)BW Received/User512/128 kbps (OBR 1:8)BW MaxBW MinTreshold Atas (512kbps)0100200300Bandwidth(kbps)BW Received/User256/64 kbps (OBR 1:8)BW MaxBW MinTreshold Atas (256kbps)050100150200250300Bandwidth(kbps)BW Received/User256/64 kbps (OBR 1:4)BW MaxBW MinTreshold Atas (256kbps)Treshold Bawah(9.6 kbps)05010015020025030020 100 250 640 673 1436Bandwidth(kbps)BW Received/User256/64 kbps (OBR 1:2)BW MaxBW MinTreshold Atas (256kbps)Treshold Bawah (9.6kbps)Data Traffic Estimation
  26. 26. Analisa TabelTabel 1 : Bandwidth 256/64 kbps (OBR 1:8)Pada saat peak, di Pulau Marampit yang berpenduduk 1436, bandwidth yang diterima hanya 5.57kbps. Dibawah standar minimum browsing yaitu 9.6 kbps.Tabel 2 : Bandwidth 512/128 kbps (OBR 1:8)Tabel 3 : Bandwidth 256/64 kbps (OBR 1:4)Tabel 4 : Bandwidth 256/64 kbps (OBR 1:2)Pada ketiganya bandwidth minimum tercapai di semua pulau saat peak time. Selanjutnyadibandingkan efektifitas penerimaan bandwidth maksimum. Tabel 2 menunjukkan level penerimaanyang lebih tinggi di tiap pulaunya (up to 512kbps). Kurva Bandwidth juga lebih gemuk, hal inimenunjukkan probabilitas penerimaan bandwidth yang lebih besar.Selain itu ditinjau dari sisi hargabandwidth 512/128 OBR 1:8 lebih ekonomis.Harga PC24Bandwidth OB Ratio Harga256/64 1:8 Rp. 3300.000256/64 1:4 Rp. 7040.000256/64 1:2 Rp. 8140.000512/128 1:8 Rp. 4000.000
  27. 27. Voice Traffic EstimationTabel 4.2 Perhitungan Trafik Dasar Layanan VoiceBHCA : 3 / subsc / BHCall Duration : 5 menit = 300 secActivity Factor : 0.4Trafik/subsc (A) : (BHCA x Call Duration x Activity Factor) / 3600: (3 x 300 x 0.4 )/3600 = 0.1 ErlangBlocking Probability : 2 % (syarat umum layanan voice program USO)Jumlah Kanal : 2 (dihitung dengan table Erlang B)
  28. 28. INBOUND : Modulation & CodingMod & Coding BW Capacity Link Status Power CapacityBPSK 1/3 16 OK 108BPSK 1/2 24 OK 108BPSK 3/4 36 OK 108QPSK 1/3 32 OK 108QPSK 1/2 48 OK 108QPSK 3/4 73 OK 1088PSK 1/3 48 Over Budget 1088PSK 1/2 73 Over Budget 1088PSK 3/4 109 OK 10816 APSK 1/3 65 Over Budget 10816 APSK 1/2 97 Over Budget 10816 APSK 3/4 146 Over Budget 108
  29. 29. Inbound : Link Budget Calculation
  30. 30. OUTBOND : Modulation & CodingMod & Coding BW Capacity Link Status Power CapacityBPSK 1/3 16 OK 20BPSK 1/2 24 OK 20BPSK 3/4 36 OK 20QPSK 1/3 32 OK 20QPSK 1/2 48 OK 20QPSK 3/4 73 OK 208PSK 1/3 48 OK 208PSK 1/2 73 OK 208PSK 3/4 109 OK 2016 APSK 1/3 65 Over Budget 2016 APSK 1/2 97 Over Budget 2016 APSK 3/4 146 Over Budget 20
  31. 31. Outbound : Link Budget Calculation
  32. 32. Resume : Proposed SpecificationSpesifikasi Layanana. Type : VSAT-IPb. Frekuensi : C Bandc. Bandwidth : 512/128 ; OBR 1:8d. Overbooking Ratio : 1/8e. Aplikasi : VoIP (5.3 - 64 kbps) Codec G.723.1 ACELP.Data (up to 512 kbps)Modulasi & Coding : Inbound (16APSK FEC ¾) Outbound (BPSK FEC 1/2)f. Perangkat : 1 unit VSAT Set, 3 unit PC Set + headset , Modemg. Catu Daya : PLN (priority) / Diesel / Solar Panel / Micro Hydroh. Site Building : disediakan oleh Pemda setempati. Availability : 24 Jam / On Demand (conditional)j. Fungsionalitas : E Education, Pos Komunikasi Militer, E Mail, E Commerce, News,Start Up Banking.
  33. 33. CAPEX : Capital ExpenditureKeterangan ItemBiayaJumlah SUBTOTALRupiah (Rp) USD ($)VSAT Remote Stationdiameter 1,8 m untuk C Band VSAT Antenna $ 1,050 26 Rp 256,620,000amplifier 2 watt ODU $ 775 26 Rp 189,410,000modem, BUC IDU $ 775 26 Rp 189,410,000Perangkat Akses 26 Rp -3 PC / site PC Set Rp 5,000,000 78 Rp 390,000,000Power Supply 26 Rp -Listrik PLN Stabilizer Rp 200,000 16 Rp 3,200,000Diesel Genset 6 KVA Rp 5,000,000 5 Rp 25,000,000telkomsel merah putih 6 panel@3jt +inverter n baterai 6jtSolar Panel Rp 24,000,0005 Rp 120,000,000perlengkapan tambahan (kabel,klem, mur, papan, landasan dll)Special Items Rp 1,000,00026 Rp 26,000,00010% dari total cost perangkat Sparepart Rp 500,000 $ 260 26 Rp 76,544,000data PT LinkNet Site Instalation $ 1,500 26 Rp 366,600,000Staff Training Rp 2,000,000 26 Rp 52,000,000data PT PC24 Transportasi Rp 20,000,000 26 Rp 520,000,000Total Cost Rp 2,214,784,000Jumlah Node 26Average CAPEX/node Rp 85,184,000
  34. 34. Keterangan ItemBiayaJumlah SUBTOTALRupiah (Rp) USD ($)tarif PT PC 24 Sewa Bandwidth 512/128 Rp 4,000,00026 Rp 114,000,000Operation and MaintenanceRp 1,000,00026 Rp 26,000,000User EducationRp 1,500,00026 Rp 39,000,000Staff (operator 2 orang)Rp 1,200,00026 Rp 31,200,000Administratif & DokumentasiRp 300,00026 Rp 7,800,000Jumlah Rp 8,000,000 Rp 208,000,000OPEX/node/bln Total CostOPEX : Operatioal Expenditure
  35. 35. Total Project CostCAPEX OPEXRp 85,184,000 Rp 8,000,000Node 26 26Frekuensi 1 12Tahun-1 Rp 2,214,784,000 Rp 2,496,000,000Tahun-2 Rp 2,496,000,000Tahun-3 Rp 2,496,000,000Tahun-4 Rp 2,496,000,000Tahun-5 Rp 2,496,000,000Sub Total Rp 2,214,784,000 Rp 12,480,000,000Total Rp 14,694,784,000*calculated for 5 years
  36. 36. ConclusionThe proposed technology solution for outermost island is VSAT Network because of its widecoverage covers entire Indonesia From the 92 islands, the project take 26 island in priority which consist of 21 island inhabited + 5outermost island From the calculation, we recommend a service with 512/128 kbps bandwidth, Overbooking ratio1:8. Link budget for Inbound (Miangas-Cibinong) using 8PSK Modulation & FEC ¾ shows a good resultwith C/Ntotal (20.57 dB) > C/Nreq (19.65), Eb/Nosys (17.39dB) > Eb/Noreq (16dB) with 1.39 dB margin. Link budget for Outbound (Cibinong-Miangas) using BPSK Modulation & FEC 1/2 also shows a goodresult C/Ntotal (20.57 dB) > C/Nreq (20.56), Eb/Nosys (20.56dB) > Eb/Noreq (16dB) wuth 10.06 dBmargin. Inbound link is Power Limited with maximum capacity of 108 carriers whereas the Outbound link isPower Limited with maximum capacity of 20 carriers. Total Project Cost needed is Rp 14.694.784.000,00 with the amount of CAPEX 2.214.784.000,00 andOPEX Rp 12.480.000.000,00.
  37. 37. Suggestions for Further ProjectUsage of more accurate field data may enhance the precision ofthis planSince every island is unique, specific plan to cater each characteris neededInclude more link budget parameter
  38. 38. Terimakasih…
  39. 39. Traffic Equation
  40. 40. Antenna Type
  41. 41. Integrated Communication SystemNews Gathering
  42. 42. LBC EquationG = 4π Ae / λ²G = 4π η A / λ²G = (4π)² x η x ¼ Dmeter²/(3.10⁸/fGHz.10⁹)²G = 20.45 + 10 log (η) +20 log (Dmeter)+ 20 log (fGHz)EIRPSB = PT + GTx – Lfeeder – Lpointing(FSL-) = 92.44+20log (r)+20log(fGHz)C/Nuplink = PT + GTX – FSLup - L + G/T - k – BW (dB)C/Ndown = EIRPsaturasi – FSLdown – L + G/T – k – BW (dB)C/Ntotal = (C/Nup)-1 + (C/Ndown)-1 -1C/Nreq = Eb/Noreq + (m/(1+α))C/N = Eb/No + R/BWopC/N = C/No -BWG/T = G – 10 log TEb/No = C/Ntot + BWall – 10 log -(R)BWop (Hz) = [(BWall (Hz) = BWocc (1+β)BW CapacityPower Capacity
  43. 43. Rain Attenuationα = aRb•A =
  44. 44. Satellite Communication Block
  45. 45. SFD & EIRP
  46. 46. Bandwidth vs Power
  47. 47. FEC
  48. 48. Modulation Performance
  49. 49. FEC Performance
  50. 50. Satellite Technology : a rising Solution
  51. 51. Indonesian Satellite Which Serve Us Today
  52. 52. Quickbird Remote Sensing
  53. 53. Quickbird Remote Sensing
  54. 54. Quickbird Remote Sensing
  55. 55. NationalSecurityEducationAnd ScienceCulture andTourismDemocracyInternationalRelation

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