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Still Photography & Cinematography
WHY?
•To make the frame visually interesting
•Aesthetically pleasing
•First step, before lighting and sounds
How?
•Rule of thirds
•Diagonal rule
•Minimalism
•Correct perspective
•Using lines/patterns/curves
RULE OF THIRDS
LOOKING SPACE
•Empty space on the side where
subject is looking/facing/talking
•Less constricted
•More important in cinema...
RULES ARE MEANT TO
BE BROKEN?
MOTION SPACE
•Empty space on the side where
subject is walking/running
•Heightens the feeling of motion
DIAGONAL RULE
•Subject is placed on the diagonal line
of the frame
•Adds drama and action
MINIMALISM
•Removing clutter
•Prominent subject
•Eye catching
CORRECT
PERSPECTIVE
•High angle shots
•Low angle shots
•Getting down to subject’s level:
Eye level shots
HIGH ANGLE SHOTS
•Subject looks diminished
LOW ANGLE SHOTS
•Subject looks dominating
EYE LEVEL SHOTS
•More comfortable for viewer
•Relates to the subjects point of view
USING
LINES/PATTERNS
ANGLED HORIZON
•Attracts attention
•Heightens energy
LEVEL HORIZON
•Adds stability
ARTISTIC SHOTS
STORY TELLING
CINEMATOGRAPHY
USING PHOTOGRAPHY
•Same composition rules apply
•7 basic types of shots
7 BASIC SHOTS
•Extreme close up
•Close up
•Medium close up
•Medium
•Medium Long
•Long
•Extremely Long
EXTREME CLOSE-UP
•Captures from mid-forehead to just
above the chin, or even closer
•Used to show details/ emphasize
CLOSE-UP
•Captures the face, just above the
shoulder
•Used to show emotions
MEDIUM CLOSE-UP
•Cuts the body just below the armpit
•Used to show reactions
MEDIUM
•Cuts the body just above the waist
MEDIUM LONG
•From head to below the knees
•Used to show gestures clearly
LONG
•Shows the entire body
•Used to establish the location
EXTREME LONG
•Shows entire body with more
surroundings
LOW ANGLE SHOTS
SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE:
CHASE SEQUENCE
•Low angle dynamic shots
•Dominating subject: Running kids
•Minor subject: Policeman
•...
HIGH ANGLE SHOTS
LORD OF THE RINGS:
MOUNTAIN SEQUENCE
•High angle landscape shots
•Extremely long shots
•Purpose:
To show the mountain’s va...
CLOSE UP SHOTS
LOCK, STOCK AND TWO
SMOKING BARRELS:
POKER TABLE SEQUENCE
•Focuses on facial expressions
•Purpose:
To capture emotions
SHOT/REVERSE SHOTS
REAR WINDOW
•Narrative construction
•The camera frames one person facing
right and the other facing left.
•Use of DOF
SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE
•Narrative construction
•The camera frames one person facing
right and the other facing left.
•Use of ...
USING DOF: OBJECTS IN
THE FOREGROUND
THE OFFICE: A
MOCUMENTARY SIT-COM
•Using objects in the foreground to
create DOF
•Can get distracting
•Purpose:
To show se...
WIDE ANGLE SHOTS
REVOLVER
•Large field of view
•Fish-eye lens
•Importance to foreground
•Purpose:
To show importance of chess moves
EXTREMELY CLOSE UP
SHOTS
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
•Shots of insects
•Extremely close up shots
•Purpose:
Extra details
FOLLOWING THE
SUBJECT
AMELIE
•Following moving subject in an arc
•Subject’s level on the ground
•Purpose:
Gives a more unique and more
personal ...
FAMOUS SHOTS
BREAKFAST CLUB
•Establishing shot
•Destruction of school property
THE SHINING
•Psycho thriller
•Jack Nicholson breaking the door
•Famous dialogue: “Here’s Johnny!”
THANK YOU
•Credits:
Nikon D80, Canon S2IS, Google
•All rights reserved to Aditya Rao
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
Composition skills in Film Making
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Composition skills in Film Making

Lecture by me @ BITS-Pilani campus on the compositional skills required in Film making via Still Photography techniques

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Composition skills in Film Making

  1. Still Photography & Cinematography
  2. WHY? •To make the frame visually interesting •Aesthetically pleasing •First step, before lighting and sounds
  3. How? •Rule of thirds •Diagonal rule •Minimalism •Correct perspective •Using lines/patterns/curves
  4. RULE OF THIRDS
  5. LOOKING SPACE •Empty space on the side where subject is looking/facing/talking •Less constricted •More important in cinematography
  6. RULES ARE MEANT TO BE BROKEN?
  7. MOTION SPACE •Empty space on the side where subject is walking/running •Heightens the feeling of motion
  8. DIAGONAL RULE •Subject is placed on the diagonal line of the frame •Adds drama and action
  9. MINIMALISM •Removing clutter •Prominent subject •Eye catching
  10. CORRECT PERSPECTIVE •High angle shots •Low angle shots •Getting down to subject’s level: Eye level shots
  11. HIGH ANGLE SHOTS •Subject looks diminished
  12. LOW ANGLE SHOTS •Subject looks dominating
  13. EYE LEVEL SHOTS •More comfortable for viewer •Relates to the subjects point of view
  14. USING LINES/PATTERNS
  15. ANGLED HORIZON •Attracts attention •Heightens energy
  16. LEVEL HORIZON •Adds stability
  17. ARTISTIC SHOTS
  18. STORY TELLING
  19. CINEMATOGRAPHY
  20. USING PHOTOGRAPHY •Same composition rules apply •7 basic types of shots
  21. 7 BASIC SHOTS •Extreme close up •Close up •Medium close up •Medium •Medium Long •Long •Extremely Long
  22. EXTREME CLOSE-UP •Captures from mid-forehead to just above the chin, or even closer •Used to show details/ emphasize
  23. CLOSE-UP •Captures the face, just above the shoulder •Used to show emotions
  24. MEDIUM CLOSE-UP •Cuts the body just below the armpit •Used to show reactions
  25. MEDIUM •Cuts the body just above the waist
  26. MEDIUM LONG •From head to below the knees •Used to show gestures clearly
  27. LONG •Shows the entire body •Used to establish the location
  28. EXTREME LONG •Shows entire body with more surroundings
  29. LOW ANGLE SHOTS
  30. SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE: CHASE SEQUENCE •Low angle dynamic shots •Dominating subject: Running kids •Minor subject: Policeman •Purpose: To show helpless policeman
  31. HIGH ANGLE SHOTS
  32. LORD OF THE RINGS: MOUNTAIN SEQUENCE •High angle landscape shots •Extremely long shots •Purpose: To show the mountain’s vastness
  33. CLOSE UP SHOTS
  34. LOCK, STOCK AND TWO SMOKING BARRELS: POKER TABLE SEQUENCE •Focuses on facial expressions •Purpose: To capture emotions
  35. SHOT/REVERSE SHOTS
  36. REAR WINDOW •Narrative construction •The camera frames one person facing right and the other facing left. •Use of DOF
  37. SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE •Narrative construction •The camera frames one person facing right and the other facing left. •Use of DOF
  38. USING DOF: OBJECTS IN THE FOREGROUND
  39. THE OFFICE: A MOCUMENTARY SIT-COM •Using objects in the foreground to create DOF •Can get distracting •Purpose: To show secrecy and concealment
  40. WIDE ANGLE SHOTS
  41. REVOLVER •Large field of view •Fish-eye lens •Importance to foreground •Purpose: To show importance of chess moves
  42. EXTREMELY CLOSE UP SHOTS
  43. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC •Shots of insects •Extremely close up shots •Purpose: Extra details
  44. FOLLOWING THE SUBJECT
  45. AMELIE •Following moving subject in an arc •Subject’s level on the ground •Purpose: Gives a more unique and more personal perspective to the viewer
  46. FAMOUS SHOTS
  47. BREAKFAST CLUB •Establishing shot •Destruction of school property
  48. THE SHINING •Psycho thriller •Jack Nicholson breaking the door •Famous dialogue: “Here’s Johnny!”
  49. THANK YOU •Credits: Nikon D80, Canon S2IS, Google •All rights reserved to Aditya Rao

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