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MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012 WELCOME!It is a pleasure for me to write these words in order to welcome you to theMediterranean Language Experience 2012 from AEGEE Tarragona.About just two years ago we started to do our first steps as AEGEE Tarragona. Thosewere hard moments: lots of bureaucracy, without knowing really well to which directionwe were walking to… but after being working for several months, we succeededorganizing our 1st Summer University.Step by step it has gained more and more sense. Step by step we have formed anawesome team and consequently our Summer University became in the 6th position inthe application ranking. We, AEGEE Tarragona, would like to thank you for giving usthe chance to carry out this project again.All of you: the participants arrived from more than 20 European countries. You havetaken dozens of planes to get to Tarragona following the same dream: living the bestexperience of your life. Awesome. Isn’t it?We have designed for you a really complete and balanced program plenty of academiccontent about the linguistic situation in Spain and social activities. We really hope itmatch with your expectations.Let’s, all together, make it LEGEN..…DARY!Raül Arlàndez RevertéSU Main Coordinator & AEGEE-Tarragona President 2
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012 INDEXWelcome ........................................................................................................................... 2Basic information of Spain ............................................................................................... 4City information ............................................................................................................... 7Lodging........................................................................................................................... 11Universitat Rovira i Virgili ............................................................................................. 12Participants ..................................................................................................................... 13 3
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012 BASIC INFORMATION OF SPAIN Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with the British Overseas Territory of Spanish flag Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay ofBiscay; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Its territoryalso includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in theAtlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceutaand Melilla, that border Morocco. Because of its location, the territory of Spain wassubject to many external influences since prehistoric times and through to its dawn as acountry. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, following the marriageof the Catholic Monarchs and the completion of the reconquest, or Reconquista, of theIberian peninsula in 1492. Conversely, it has been an important source of influence toother regions, chiefly during the Modern Era, when it became a global empire that hasleft a legacy of over 500 million Spanish speakers today, making it the worlds secondmost spoken first language.Spain has an outstanding multicultural heritage, and this can be seen in all areas of itssocial life. There is a wide variety of different festive celebrations to be found all overthe country. Spanish popular festivities and traditions often have a clearly religious origin. This can be seen in throughout all the expressions of Spains folklore, which combine religious fervour with a variety of pagan and festive commemorations.The countrys cultural diversity means the festive manifestationsof each region vary widely from north to south, and yet at thesame time these local customs exist alongside festivities which are celebrated all overthe national territory. The festive year in Spain starts with the traditional strokes of 4
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012midnight in the Puerta del Sol square in Madrid, which attracts throngs of people fromthe city itself and from all over Spain who welcome in the New Year with a grapeswallowed for each chime of the clock. One of the most important traditionalcelebrations in Spain, however, is Easter week. This takes place at the end of March orin April, and takes place amid vivid and extremely moving popular processions. Thegreatest number of festive events takes place in the summer months, between June and September, according to the geographic area, as they tend to combine both religious and socio-economic aspects. Throughout most of Spains geography there are also a range of different festivities in late summer (late August and early September) ow ing to the historic tradition of commemorating the harvest (and particularly the grapeharvest). Whats more, each area in the country has its own specific festivities. Some ofthe highlights are the Sanfermines bull-running festival in Pamplona, Sant Jordi and LaMercé in Barcelona, the Fallas bonfire festival in Valencia, the festivity of theReconquest in Granada, the April Fair in Seville and San Isidro and the Verbena de LaPaloma in Madrid. But these are just a few examples of the thousands of festivecelebrations which are to be found the length and breadth of Spain all year round.CATALONIACatalonia, in the northeastern Iberian peninsula, covers an Catalan flagarea of 32 000 km2 and has 6 million inhabitants. History,language and a distinct cultural, political and legal traditionhave shaped the personality of the country and the people.Nowadays Catalonia is an autonomous community withinSpain with a government of its own known as the Generalitat.Catalonia is a land of rich and varied scenery, with 580 km of Mediterranean coastline,which offer perfect conditions for nautical sports, and mountain areas, as the CatalanPyrenees ideal for skiing, hiking, and adventure sports. A rich architectural heritage haspreserved in many fine cities steeped in character, with magnificent historic buildings,among them Girona and Tarragona. Barcelona, Catalonias capital, offering a lively 5
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012cultural life and good shopping, is one of the most important ports on theMediterranean.Catalonias own language is Catalan, a Romance language that has co-official statusalongside Castilian (Spanish). Catalonias artistic heritage is a permanent reminder ofthe creativity of the people. Examples are Empúries, the Roman monuments inTarragona, the civil and religious works of Gothic art, the great painters of the 19thcentury, such as Marià Fortuny, and the world-famous Catalan artists of the 20th centuryas Miró and Dalí.Catalonia festivals offer spectacular demonstrations of traditional folklore:"Dances" – DancingTown squares burst into life with displays of vibrant Catalan dancing: the Ball delsGegants (the Dance of the Giants) with twelve foot models, the Ball de Gitanes (GypsyDance), the Sardanes and Ball de Bastons (Stick Dance)."Castellers" - Human CastlesOriginating from the region of Tarragona, south of Barcelona, is the famous HumanCastle tradition. Hundreds of people balance on each other’s shoulders to create greattrembling towers up to nine storeys high, accompanied by the traditional Catalanmusicians “Grallers.”"Correfocs" - Devils & Fire ThrowingThe Correfoc (Fire Run) or Devil’s Dance (Ball de Diables) is one of the most stunningelements of Catalan festivals. Devil figures, stemming from Pagan legends, run throughdusk darkened streets brandishing sparking forks amidst flames and fireworks."Cercaviles" - Folkloric ProcessionsFantastical dragons, 12 foot giants, enormous headed warfs, magical fire dancers andlively musicians form vibrant processions that wind their streets.All these factors, together with a plentiful accommodation and excellent services andfacilities, make Catalonia one of Europes leading tourist regions. Welcome toCatalonia! 6
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012 CITY INFORMATIONTarragona is a city located in the south of Catalonia on the north-east of Spain, by theMediterranean. It is the capital of the Spanish province of the same name and the capitalof the Catalan comarca Tarragonès. In the medieval and modern times it was the capitalof the Vegueria of Tarragona. As of the 2009 census, the city had a population of155,323, and the population of the entire metropolitan area was estimated to be 675,921.HistoryOne Catalonian legend holds it was named for Tarraho, eldest son of Tubal in c. 2407BC; another (derived from Strabo and Megasthenes) attributes the name to Tearcon theEthiopian, a 7th century BC pharaoh who supposedly campaigned in Spain. 7
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012In Roman times, the city was named Tarraco and was capital of the province ofHispania Tarraconensis (after being capital of Hispania Citerior in the Republican era).The Roman colony had the full name ofColonia Iulia Urbs Triumphalis Tarraco.The city may have begun as an Iberictown called Kesse or Kosse, named forthe Iberic tribe of the region, theCosetans, though the identification ofTarragona with Kesse is not certain.William Smith suggests that the city was probably founded by the Phoenicians, whocalled it Tarchon, which, according to Samuel Bochart, means a citadel. This name wasprobably derived from its situation on a high rock, between 700 and 800 feet above thesea; whence we find it characterised as arce potens Tarraco. It was seated on the riverSulcis or Tulcis (modern Francolí), on a bay of the Mare Internum (Mediterranean),between the Pyrenees and the river Iberus (modern Ebro).Tarraco lies on the main road along the south-eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Itwas fortified and much enlarged by the brothers Publius and Gnaeus Scipio, who converted it into a fortress and arsenal against the Carthagenians. Subsequently it became the capital of the province and conventus juridicus. Augustus wintered at Tarraco after his Cantabrian campaign, and bestowed many marks of honour on the city, among which were its honorary titles of Colonia VictrixTogata and Colonia Julia Victrix Tarraconensis. The city also minted coins. Accordingto Mela it was the richest town on that coast, and Strabo represents its population asequal to that of Carthago Nova (modern Cartagena). Its fertile plain and sunny shoresare celebrated by Martial and other poets; and its neighbourhood is described asproducing good wine and flax. 8
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012Ancient remainsThe Roman ruins of Tarraco have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.Part of the bases of large Cyclopean walls near the Cuartel de Pilatos are thought to pre-date the Romans. The building just mentioned, a prison in the 19th century, is said tohave been the palace of Augustus. The 2nd century amphitheatre, near the sea-shore,was extensively used as a quarry after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and butfew vestiges of it now remain. A circus, c. 450 m long, was built over in the area nowcalled Plaça de la Font, though portions of it are still to be traced. Throughout the townLatin, and even apparently Phoenician, inscriptions on the stones of the houses mark thematerial used for buildings in the town.Two ancient monuments, at some little distance from the town,have, however, fared rather better. The first of these is theAqüeducte de les Ferreres, which spans a valley about 4 kmnorth of the city. It is 217m in length, and the lofti est arches, of which there are two tiers, are 26 m high. There is a monument about 6 km along the coast road east of the city, commonly called the Tower of the Scipios; but there is no authority for assuming that they were buried here.Other Roman buildings include: • the walls, with two gates: Portal del Roser and the Portal de Sant Antoni. • the capitol, or citadel • the Forum • the palace of Augustus, called the house of Pilate • the circus or amphitheatre • the so-called tower, or sepulchre, of the Scipios • arch of Sura, or of Bara • the Aurelian Way. 9
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012The city is also home to the National Archaeological Museum of Tarragona.Religious buildings • the Cathedral, dating to the 12th-13th centuries, combining Romanesque and Gothic architectural elements. • the convent of the Poor Clares, near the walls • The convent of Santa Teresa • The church of the Capuchins, the parish church of the port • The former convent of San Francisco • The Jesuit college was turned into barracks, their church, however, has been restored to them • The convent of the Dominicans, now the town hall • The archiepiscopal palace, situated on the site of the ancient capitol, one tower of which still remains. It was rebuilt in the 19th century. • Near the sea, in the Roman amphitheatre, are the remains of a church called Santa María del Milagro. 10
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012 LODGING . RESIDÈNCIA CASA NOSTRA Adress: Carrer dHigini Anglès, 1 (43001 Tarragona) Telephone: (0034) 977245462From Plaça Imperial Tarraco or Tarragona Bus Station. (2 minutes)From the Train Station (10-15 minutes) PLACES NEAR RESIDENCE 11
MEDITERRANEAN LANGUAGE PARADISE Summer university 2012The URV was created in 1991 by the Parliament of Catalonia from the already existinguniversity faculties and schools. In this way the Tarragona University of the 16thcentury was restored. From the very first day its aim has been very clear: to placeknowledge at the service of society so as to contribute to the social and economicdevelopment of its environment, which has gradually transformed over time.Social and cultural changes have opened the doors to a new framework in which ourstudents and future workers are obliged to interact in Europe. At the URV we trainprofessionals under the precepts of European harmonization, a key factor for openingthe doors to a world of work without frontiers. And we do so by providing 52programmes of study in a wide variety of knowledge areas for over 12,000 students.The data show that the URV is not only one of the leading universities in Catalonia butalso one of the leading universities in the European area for the quality of its teaching,its commitment to continuous training and the excellence of its research, developmentand innovationThe URV has twelve centres of its own and two associates which between them teachabout fifty courses, at both first and second cycle level. They also offer postgraduatediplomas, doctorates and masters’ degrees. All this is made possible by the work doneby the technical and university faculties and schools. It is they who organise the coursesand academic, administrative and management processes which ensure that our studentsreceive top-quality training, without forgetting the work done by more than twentydepartments. These make up the different courses – depending on the area of knowledgeto which they belong – and are responsible for organising the activities of the teachingand research community. 12
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