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CIEMAT 
Plataforma Solar de Almeria 
Ricardo Sanchez 
CIEMAT-PSA 
ricardo.sanchez@psa.es
Content 
• CIEMAT 
• Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
• Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
• Solar Concentrating...
Content 
• CIEMAT 
• Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
• Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
• Solar Concentrating...
CIEMAT: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas 
OPI: Public Research Organisation 
Human r...
CIEMAT: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
Socio Technical 
Studies (CISOT) Territorial centres 
Soria 
Madrid 
Almería 
Trujillo 
(Cáceres) 
CIEMAT (Madrid) 
Almeri...
CIEMAT Objectives 
• Promote and execute R&D activities, in accordance with ministerial 
guidelines, in the fields of ener...
CIEMAT Objectives 
• Promote the activities derived from its R&D in terms of scientific-technical 
communication and disse...
Energy activities at CIEMAT 
 Pioneer team from 1985 with a strong international projection 
 Staff more then 300 people
Energy activities at CIEMAT 
• Pioneer team from 1985 with a strong international projection 
• With more than 300 staff m...
Content 
• CIEMAT 
• Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
• Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
• Solar Concentrating...
Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
The activity focuses primarily on cost reduction of PV systems, 
through enhancement of pe...
13 
PV Solar Cells, Modules & Sensors 
Calibration of PV Sensors R+D on PV Cells and Modules
14 
PV Solar Cells, Modules & Sensors 
Power determination of 
commercial PV modules 
Techniques for Defect and Failure De...
15 
Characterisation & Reliability of PV Components: 
Testing, Modelling and Improvement 
Batteries & Load Regulators PV W...
Grid-connected Inverters PV Marker test Hail-stones Impact test 
16 
Characterisation & Reliability of PV Components: 
Tes...
17 
Self-Consumption & PV Building Integration 
• Development of new design of PV modules for building integration 
• Inve...
18 
Self-Consumption & PV Building Integration 
PV Inverter and management and 
Testing of BIPV module control systems for...
19 
Grid- Connected & Off-grid PV Plants 
• In-situ calibration and testing 
• Modelling and evaluation 
• Degradation ana...
EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING ACTIVITIES 
• Organization of seminar and courses 
• Host for stays, scholarships and PhD’s 
• Te...
Content 
• CIEMAT 
• Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
• Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
• Solar Concentrating...
Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
Overall energy analysis of buildings: R&D in integration of passive 
and act...
Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
25 years of experience on national and international R&D projects. 
20 resea...
R&D activities 
Energy analysis and Smart Cities 
• Smart Cities. Large areas analysis: urban scale. 
 Energy efficiency ...
R&D activities 
Experimental analysis of buildings and building components 
Methodology development in: 
• Measurements in...
R&D activities 
Experimental analysis of buildings and building components 
Applications: 
• Characterization 
• Standardi...
LABORATORIES 
Test facilities and Laboratories 
Outdoors full scale test facilities: 
• LECE laboratory at PSA 
• ARFRISOL...
LABORATORIES 
Test facilities and Laboratories 
Digital particle image experimental Lab for Building Fluid Mechanics 
(PIV...
Content 
• CIEMAT 
• Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit 
• Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 
• Solar Concentrating...
Solar Concentrating Systems Unit 
GOAL: facilitate and promote the use of solar concentrating systems by: 
• Improving the...
Solar Concentrating Systems Unit 
GOAL: facilitate and promote the use of solar concentrating systems by: 
• Creating and ...
Group of Medium-Temperature Solar Technology 
• Development of innovative components for line-focus 
solar fields and appl...
Group of High-Concentration solar technology 
• Development of cost-effective systems and components for 
high solar conce...
Group of Solar Fuels & IPH at High Temperature 
Aplication of concentrated solar energy to endothermal 
processes at high ...
End of Slide Show 
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CIEMAT. Plataforma Solar de Almeria

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CIEMAT. Plataforma Solar de Almeria.
Ricardo Sanchez . CIEMAT-PSA

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CIEMAT. Plataforma Solar de Almeria

  1. 1. CIEMAT Plataforma Solar de Almeria Ricardo Sanchez CIEMAT-PSA ricardo.sanchez@psa.es
  2. 2. Content • CIEMAT • Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit • Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit • Solar Concentrating Systems Unit
  3. 3. Content • CIEMAT • Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit • Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit • Solar Concentrating Systems Unit
  4. 4. CIEMAT: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas OPI: Public Research Organisation Human resources: 1,326 Budget (2013): 98.1 M€ Income from R&D (2013): 44.3 M€
  5. 5. CIEMAT: Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
  6. 6. Socio Technical Studies (CISOT) Territorial centres Soria Madrid Almería Trujillo (Cáceres) CIEMAT (Madrid) Almeria Solar Platform (PSA) Information Technologies (CETA – CIEMAT) Barcelona Renewable Energy (CEDER) Studies in Environmental Law (CIEDA)
  7. 7. CIEMAT Objectives • Promote and execute R&D activities, in accordance with ministerial guidelines, in the fields of energy, environment and technology, including specific fields of basic research. • Collaborate with other national R&D centres, universities and enterprise. • Carry out its activities in the framework of the EU and cooperate with intergovernmental bodies and R&D centers from other countries.
  8. 8. CIEMAT Objectives • Promote the activities derived from its R&D in terms of scientific-technical communication and dissemination, education and technology transfer. • Provide first-rate technical services in the areas of its expertise. • Advise the public administrations and public and private institutions, and represent Spain in the appropriate international forums.
  9. 9. Energy activities at CIEMAT  Pioneer team from 1985 with a strong international projection  Staff more then 300 people
  10. 10. Energy activities at CIEMAT • Pioneer team from 1985 with a strong international projection • With more than 300 staff members
  11. 11. Content • CIEMAT • Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit • Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit • Solar Concentrating Systems Unit
  12. 12. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit The activity focuses primarily on cost reduction of PV systems, through enhancement of performance, development of low-cost, high-throughput manufacturing processes, and improvement of lifetime and reliability of PV systems and components. MAIN ACTIVITY FIELDS • PV devices based on deposited Si • Advanced PV thin-film materials • PV Solar cells, PV modules & sensors • Characterisation and reliability of PV components • Self-consumption & PV building integration • Off-grid and grid-connected PV plants 2014 Researchers (PhD) 20 (17) Technicians 7 Fellowships 2 Total 29
  13. 13. 13 PV Solar Cells, Modules & Sensors Calibration of PV Sensors R+D on PV Cells and Modules
  14. 14. 14 PV Solar Cells, Modules & Sensors Power determination of commercial PV modules Techniques for Defect and Failure Detection: Electroluminescence and IR Thermography
  15. 15. 15 Characterisation & Reliability of PV Components: Testing, Modelling and Improvement Batteries & Load Regulators PV Water Pumping PV CSP
  16. 16. Grid-connected Inverters PV Marker test Hail-stones Impact test 16 Characterisation & Reliability of PV Components: Testing, Modelling and Improvement
  17. 17. 17 Self-Consumption & PV Building Integration • Development of new design of PV modules for building integration • Investigation on optical, thermal and electric behaviour of PV modules • Characterisation of inverters & management and control systems for self-consumption applications
  18. 18. 18 Self-Consumption & PV Building Integration PV Inverter and management and Testing of BIPV module control systems for self-consumption
  19. 19. 19 Grid- Connected & Off-grid PV Plants • In-situ calibration and testing • Modelling and evaluation • Degradation analysis • Sun trackers control develop • Sizing and optimisation • Third-countries cooperation
  20. 20. EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING ACTIVITIES • Organization of seminar and courses • Host for stays, scholarships and PhD’s • Technical assessment • Design of testing labs
  21. 21. Content • CIEMAT • Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit • Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit • Solar Concentrating Systems Unit
  22. 22. Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit Overall energy analysis of buildings: R&D in integration of passive and active solar systems and strategies for thermal conditioning reducing heating and cooling loads Through the use of: Bioclimatic strategies. Renewable energies integration. Distributed poligeneration.
  23. 23. Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit 25 years of experience on national and international R&D projects. 20 researches: physicists, architects, engineers, chemists, mathematicians and programmers. R&D activities Energy analysis and Smart Cities • Modelling, simulation and energetic analysis: - District and building environment. - Passive techniques modelling. - Active systems simulation. - Holistic optimization of the systems.
  24. 24. R&D activities Energy analysis and Smart Cities • Smart Cities. Large areas analysis: urban scale.  Energy efficiency and demand reduction by distributed Poligeneration.  R&D of passive solar systems and active solar systems – solar cooling at urban scales.  Feasibility analysis of the different systems. Precomercial proposal.  Distributed micro generation.  District heating and cooling.  Distributed poly generation.  System integration into the district heating network: Hot sanitary water, heating, cooling, electricity… Energetic management and control.
  25. 25. R&D activities Experimental analysis of buildings and building components Methodology development in: • Measurements in building and building components • Handling and documenting data sets • Energy performance analysis • Empirical modelling of passive systems (Grey-Box modelling) • Comfort evaluation • Validation & calibration of simulation models
  26. 26. R&D activities Experimental analysis of buildings and building components Applications: • Characterization • Standardisation and regulations • Forecasting • Simulation • Control
  27. 27. LABORATORIES Test facilities and Laboratories Outdoors full scale test facilities: • LECE laboratory at PSA • ARFRISOL building prototypes - Energy performance analysis - Empirical modelling of passive systems - Comfort evaluation - Simulation models validation and calibration (CEDER) CIEMAT. Lubia SORIA Fundación Barredo Siero ASTURIAS Edificio 70-CIEMAT. MADRID PSA - CIEMAT Tabernas ALMERIA CIESOL - UAlm - CIEMAT. ALMERIA
  28. 28. LABORATORIES Test facilities and Laboratories Digital particle image experimental Lab for Building Fluid Mechanics (PIV) Physical models development to describe the "element" using mathematical equations. Indoor Air Quality Laboratory Contaminants levels and indoor air quality analysis.
  29. 29. Content • CIEMAT • Photovoltaic Solar Energy Unit • Energy Efficiency in Buildings Research Unit • Solar Concentrating Systems Unit
  30. 30. Solar Concentrating Systems Unit GOAL: facilitate and promote the use of solar concentrating systems by: • Improving the profitability of these solar systems: - Developing more efficient and economical components - Reducing O&M costs - Developing new application for solar thermal concentrating systems • Developing design, simulation and evaluation tools: - For pre-feasibility studies - To optimize design using correct dimensioning of key components - To predict system behavior in critical situations
  31. 31. Solar Concentrating Systems Unit GOAL: facilitate and promote the use of solar concentrating systems by: • Creating and strengthening a Spanish industry in this field by: - Involving Spanish industrial partners in R&D projects - Providing technical and scientific support to industrial partners - Transferring knowledge and technology to industrial partners
  32. 32. Group of Medium-Temperature Solar Technology • Development of innovative components for line-focus solar fields and applications for using solar energy in the mid-temperature range: 125°C-500°C. – Design, Testing and Evaluation of line focusing concentrators (parabolic-trough and linear Fresnel) and their components (reflectors, linear receivers, optical coatings, sun-tracking systems…) – Research on new heat transfer fluids (direct steam generation and pressurized gasses) – Durability and accelerated aging of solar components (reflectors, receivers, etc.) – Simulation tools of complete systems. • Thermal energy storage (TES) systems for the mid-temperature range (sensible and latent heat storage; materials for TES; integration concepts)
  33. 33. Group of High-Concentration solar technology • Development of cost-effective systems and components for high solar concentration and temperature – Testing and Evaluation of Solar Central Receivers for the different technologies & cooling fluids – Testing, Evaluation and Durability of components for Solar Central Receiver Power Plants • Improvement of the O&M procedures and system automation • Development of evaluation and simulation tools for Central Receiver Plants • Characterization of optical & thermal properties and durability of materials used in high solar concentration and high temperature • Design, testing and evaluation of Dish-Stirling systems
  34. 34. Group of Solar Fuels & IPH at High Temperature Aplication of concentrated solar energy to endothermal processes at high temperate (up to 2000ºC) demanding a reduction of CO2 emissions (ceramic industry and powder metallurgy processes). Research activities related to Solar Fuels: Development of solar thermochemical hydrogen production technologies and other solar fuels R+D activities related to hydrogen production: Decarbonization of hydrocarbons for hydrogen Thermochemical water splitting
  35. 35. End of Slide Show Thanks for your attention!!

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