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16 tesfaye-awas-ethiopia-medicinal plants-tree-diversity-day-2014-cop12

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Trees, landscapes, restoration, Ethiopia, Tree Diversity Day 2014, CBD, biodiversity, invasive species, seedlings, policy, food, diet, medicinal plants, Aichi targets, nutrition

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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16 tesfaye-awas-ethiopia-medicinal plants-tree-diversity-day-2014-cop12

  1. 1. Capacity Building for Access and Benefit Sharing and Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Project Tesfaye Awas (PhD) National Coordinator Medicinal Plant Project Management Unit Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute P. O. Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia E-mail: absmp@ibc.gov.et
  2. 2. GEF funded Projects under Execution by EBI • Mainstreaming Agro-biodiversity Conservation into Agricultural Production Systems of Ethiopia – May 2011 to June 2016. – USD 386360 • Capacity Building for Access and Benefit Sharing and Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia – September 2012 to August 2016.
  3. 3. Mainstreaming Agro-biodiversity • GEF/UNDP • Three components – Enabling policy – Marketing – Conservation • Three crops – Teff – Enset – Durum wheat – Coffee
  4. 4. Capacity Building for Access and Benefit Sharing and Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Project Tesfaye Awas (PhD) National Coordinator Medicinal Plant Project Management Unit Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute P. O. Box 30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia E-mail: absmp@ibc.gov.et
  5. 5. • UNEP/GEF funded four year project which was launched in September 2012. • The goal of the project is to safeguard Ethiopia’s medicinal plants biodiversity, which are also globally significant. • The objective is to ensure conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants and the effective implementation of national access and benefit sharing (ABS) regime.
  6. 6. Project Cost • Cost to the GEF Trust Fund in CashUS$ 2,047,000 (45%) • Co-financing-In-kind, GoE US$ 2,500,000 (55%) • Total US$ 4,547,000 (100%)
  7. 7. Landscape and ecosystem diversity –High rate of species diversity and endemism • 6500-7000 plant species – About 12 % are endemic – About 14% are used as medicinal plants
  8. 8. Figure 1. Published volumes of the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
  9. 9. Total Holding of EBI 73786 accessions •2744 samples (accessions) •51 medicinal plant species Medicinal plants are about 4% only
  10. 10. Cold Room Field Gene Bank Year No. of species No of samples No of species No of samples 2003 31 662 115 323 2014 51 2744 630 822
  11. 11. Component 1 • Will focus on the in-situ and ex-situ conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in selected conservation and production sites • by – Improving the conservation status of threatened medicinal plant species; – Ensuring sustainable use of medicinal plants and – Providing new and diversified livelihoods opportunities for local communities in the project sites.
  12. 12. Tesfaye Awas (PhD), IBC
  13. 13. Conservation • Four Sites: 313,031ha under in situ conservation • Nursery: A total of 8 nurseries were established and made operational. – Seedlings were supplied for enrichment plantation in buffer areas of in situ conservation sites and Home Gardens • Medicinal Plant Field Gene Bank – 2 Medicinal Plant Field Gene Banks conserving strengthened • 630 Samples • 400 species – 3 New Medicinal Plant Field Gene Banks and – 1 Botanical Garden are under establishment
  14. 14. Vegetation (and Land use) in Bale Mountains National Park and Surrounding Areas
  15. 15. Agarfa -August 2003 17
  16. 16. 25
  17. 17. Albizia malacophylla-Oxytenanthera abyssinica Habitat of many rare plants & animals
  18. 18. Drosera madagascariensis- Insectivorous The risk of Malaria is 3 times higher in degraded area
  19. 19. Component 2 • Will deal with the enabling policy and institutional framework for in situ and ex situ conservation of medicinal plants biodiversity and will –Carry out review of existing policy, law and legislation for medicinal plants; –Strengthen ABS capacity and –Raise awareness about ABS issues.
  20. 20. Policy/legal issue • Local bylaws documented and utilized – Implementation of Management plan of in situ conservation • Eg. Field crop and animal production is not allowed in Zegie Forest – Establishment of Medicinal Plant Marketing Association
  21. 21. Policy/legal issue • Existing legal documents in three sectors (health, agriculture and environment) were reviewed – Conservation EBI – Regulation of Traditional Medicine MOH – Research on Traditional Medicine (dosage, safety and efficacy) – No provision for production- Focus on Food production – No system to encourage Traditional Medicine – Good initiatives for conservation, but there is institutional gap
  22. 22. Institutional Issue • Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute – PGRC/E from 1976 to 1998 – IBCR through the proclamation No. 120/98 and 167/1999 (as revised). • There were ten technical departments during IBCR – Medicinal Plant Genetic Resources Department – Horticulture – Crop – Forest – Forage and Pasture – Animal – Microbial – Ethno biology – Biotechnology – Ecosystem
  23. 23. Institutional Issue • The current institutional structure of EBI – ABS – Animal – Microbial – Crop and horticulture – Forest and Rangeland Biodiversity • Currently the responsibility for medicinal plant conservation and sustainable use is blurred • The need of a plat form to link Medicinal Plant Conservation, Production, Marketing and Research (dosage, safety, efficacy) • Traditional medicine
  24. 24. Component 3 • Deals with markets for medicinal plants friendly products by –Increasing markets by at least 50% through expansion of value-chains, national and international markets that will –Promote farmer uptake of medicinal plants conservation imperatives.
  25. 25. Knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles related to medicinal plants provides opportunities for the development of new products e.g. pharmaceuticals, which in turn have implications for income generation. Children and women are the social group that sell medicinal plants mainly along streets. The contribution of this economics to household income and food security is significant. Children selling endemic medicinal plant- Thymus schimperi gathered from Bale Mountains National Park
  26. 26. Children selling endemic medicinal plant- Echinops kebericho gathered from Central Highlands of Ethiopia
  27. 27. Children and women gathering the young shoots of Oxytenanthera abyssinica for food (Western Ethiopia)
  28. 28. Market • Marketable plants were identified • Farmers were organized in Medicinal Plant Marketing Associations • Moringa Marking from local to national-has benefited farmers • Challenge: link to national and international markets-Lack of legal provision due to issues related to – Certification – Safety – Efficacy – Dosage
  29. 29. Component 4 • Will build capacity through strengthening institutional frameworks for –the wider application of ABS measures in Ethiopia and, –for the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants biodiversity in particular.
  30. 30. Conservation and sustainable use • Trainings – Wild seed handling techniques – Botanical Garden • Facilities
  31. 31. ABS capacity • Nagoya protocol, existing ABS national law and regulation were translated into three local languages • Dissemination of legal documents • Awareness raising workshops • Training on Negotiation Skill
  32. 32. •Thank you

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