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Carbon farming in the tropics and INDCs

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Presentation by Eric Toensmier (Perennial Solutions) at the Paris COP21 ICRAF side event titled
Implementing INDC in data and tool scarce countries:
Steps to success in Africa

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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Carbon farming in the tropics and INDCs

  1. 1. Carbon Farming in the Tropics and INDCs A Toolkit of Prac<ces to Assist Par<es in Reaching their Goals CIFOR Eric Toensmeier ICRAF Sean Spender
  2. 2. Carbon Farming •  Agricultural prac<ces that sequester carbon •  May or may not have financial incen0ves from government, price premiums, or offsets ICRAF Ve<ver Network Interna<onal Peter Cunningham Peter Cunningham The Carbon Farming Solu2on: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenera2ve Agricultural Prac2ces for Climate Change Mi2ga2on and Food Security
  3. 3. Annual Cropping Interna<onal Maize and Wheat Improvement Center ICRAF Conserva0on Agriculture Tree Intercropping Sequestra0on Rate t/ha/yr 0.3-0.6 1-8 Carbon Stocks t/ha Up to 20 Up to 150 Yield Impacts Posi<ve Posi<ve Global scale in ha 124 million 700 million Cost of establishment Low Moderate Improved Annuals Alone Conserva2on agriculture – System of Rice Intensifica2on – Zai holes – Organic – Crop rota2on – Cover crops – Mulching - Reduced 2llage Annuals with Trees or Perennials Alley cropping – Contour hedgerows – Successional intercropping – FMNR – Evergreen agriculture – Improved fallows – Windbreaks – Living fences – Parkland The Carbon Farming Solu2on: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenera2ve Agricultural Prac2ces for Climate Change Mi2ga2on and Food Security
  4. 4. Livestock Produc<on Managed Grazing Silvopasture Sequestra0on Rate t/ha/yr 0.3-0.5 3-10 Carbon Stocks t/ha Up to 16 Up to 250 Yield Impacts Variable Posi<ve Global scale in ha 12+ million 450 million Cost of establishment Low Moderate ICRAF Grazing and Pasture Alone Managed grazing – Pasture improvements – Fire management – Irriga2on – Rainwater harves2ng – Compost applica2on Livestock with Trees Silvopasture – Fodder silvopasture – Intensive silvopasture – Fodder banks – Perennial feeds – Livestock integra2on – Insect fodder trees The Carbon Farming Solu2on: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenera2ve Agricultural Prac2ces for Climate Change Mi2ga2on and Food Security
  5. 5. Perennial Cropping ICRAF Image Sean Spender Perennial Crops Mul0strata Agroforestry Sequestra0on Rate t/ha/yr 3.5 1-18 Carbon Stocks t/ha Unclear Up to 300 Yield Impacts Variable Variable Global scale in ha 117 million 100 million Cost of establishment High Very high Perennial Crops Perennial staples: carbohydrates, protein, fats – Fruit trees – Vegetable trees – Perennial crops for materials, chemicals, and energy – Bamboo Mul0strata Agroforestry Intensive homegardens – shade crops (cacao, coffee) – Planta2on polycultures – Fully integrated systems ICRAF The Carbon Farming Solu2on: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenera2ve Agricultural Prac2ces for Climate Change Mi2ga2on and Food Security
  6. 6. Addi<onal Tools Rainwater Harves0ng Biochar Sequestra0on Rate t/ha/yr 1.0 Variable Carbon Stocks t/ ha Uncertain Uncertain Yield Impacts Posi<ve Average posi<ve Global scale in ha Uncertain Current use minimal Cost of establishment Low to Very High Moderate Ecosystem Management Produc2ve restora2on – Indigenous and tradi2onal ecosystem management Infrastructure & Amendments Rainwater harves2ng – Terracing - Biochar Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security Dale Hendricks The Carbon Farming Solu2on: A Global Toolkit of Perennial Crops and Regenera2ve Agricultural Prac2ces for Climate Change Mi2ga2on and Food Security

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