PREPARE VARIETY OF
At the end of the lesson, you are expected to:
a. identify sandwich component;
b. b. identify bread suited for sandwich making;
c. c. prepare suitable filling and spread; d. select and prepare glazes/sweet
d. e. prepare sandwiches while observing sanitary practices.
PPT PRESENTATION PREPARED BY: RAMOS, AIRALYN D.
BASIC COMPONENTS OF
• Structure or base
• Moistening Agent
STRUCTURE OR BASE
• It is the part upon
which the ingredients
• It consists of some
form of bread or dough
produce that is whole
• It is meant to bind the
sandwich that provides
an improvement of
both flavor and texture.
• It also acts as the
between the filling and
• It consists of one or
more ingredients that
are stacked, layered or
folded within or on the
structure to form the
• Loaf bread that is the most commonly used
bread for sandwiches.
• White bread
• Whole wheat bread
• Rye bread
These are long
rectangular loaves that
provide square slices. It
is one of the most
bread, it comes in
various flavors and goes
well with everything and
WHOLE WHEAT BREAD
Is a classic bread for
sandwiches, it is
nutritionally superior to
white bread, taste better
and have more
interesting textures. It is
slightly more compact
and brownish in color.
Is a stronger tasting
bread than white and
whole wheat. A heavy
and a hearty flavor
bread that goes with so
many types of meat and
BUNS AND ROLLS
• Sandwich rolls
• French and Italian bread
A soft type bread that
come in all sizes,
shapes and textures.
The softest include
hamburger buns and
hot dog rolls
FRENCH AND ITALIAN BREAD
sourdough and ciabatta,
split horizontally. It
works well for grilled
•These are made from flatten often
It comes in both white
and whole wheat. As
the flat bread bakes, it
puffs up, forming a
pocket that is perfect for
Flat Italian bread, a
cousin of pizza an inch
or more thick and very
rich in olive oil. It is sold
by whole and cut into
squares, split and filled.
Small and rectangular,
when softened in water,
can be rolled around a
stuffing to make a
Unleavened round corn
meal breads baked on a
hot stone, size ranges
to 6 inch-14 inch or
larger preferably used
for quesadillas and
•These are very thin, flat breads that
are used for sandwich wraps, burritos
• Sandwich Wraps
• These breads are raised by chemical
action of baking powder or baking soda
like biscuits, banana bread, carrot bread
and generally more tender and crumbly
than yeast bread. It is used for sweeter
tasting sandwiches and are best for tea
•The filling is the heart of the sandwich.
It is place between or on top of bread.
•It provides flavor and body to the
TYPES OF FILLINGS
It refers to
ingredients such as
sliced or cooked
meat, poultry and
It refers to
with salad dressing
MEAT AND POULTRY MEATS
• Used as fillings should be cooked, covered and
refrigerated. Slice just before the sandwich is to
be prepared to avoid drying out and lose flavor.
Thinly sliced meats are more tender and juicy
than thickly sliced.
• Beef products
• Pork products
• Sausage products
• Cheese dries out rapidly when unwrapped
and sliced, when slicing is done ahead, the
slices should remain covered until ready to
• Sandwich cheeses - cheddar types, Swiss types,
provolone, cream cheese, process cheese, cheese
FISH AND SHELLFISH
• Most seafood fillings are highly perishable
and should be left chilled at all times.
• Seafood Fillings- tuna, sardines, smoked
salmon, shrimp, anchovies, fried fish, grilled or
pan fried fish fillets.
MAYONNAISE BASED SALAD
• The most popular salads for sandwich
fillings are tuna salad, egg salad, chicken
or turkey salad and ham salad.
• Lettuce, tomato and onion are
indispensable in sandwich production, also,
any vegetable used in salads may also be
used in sandwiches.
• Fruits, fresh or dried, jelly, peanut butter,
hard cooked egg, a.nd nuts
Purposes of Spreads
• To protect the bread from soaking up
moisture from the filling.
• They add flavor.
• They also add moisture.
Butter protects the bread
from moisture, used soft
butter to spread on bread.
You may soften butter by
whipping in a mixer or by
simply letting it stand at
room temperature. You
may use margarine as a
substitute or a flavored
Mayonnaise is often
preferred to butter as a
spread because it
contributes more flavor
but sandwiches made
with mayonnaise should
be served immediately or
refrigerated at once and
kept refrigerated until
The preparation of sandwiches requires
great deal of hand works. Whether you are
making sandwiches in quantity or by order,
your goal is to make the production as
efficient and quick as possible.
1. Preparation of Ingredients – prepare
everything ahead of time, so nothing is left
to do but assembles the ingredient. It
includes, mixing fillings, preparation of
spreads, slicing bread, meats, vegetable
and cheese, separating lettuce, preparing
garnishes and other ingredients.
2. Arrange Ingredients for maximum
efficiency - to reduce your movement to a
maximum, everything you need should be
within easy reach.
1. Storage equipment for ingredients includes
refrigeration equipment for cold ingredients and a
steam table for hot ingredients.
2. Hand tools included spreading, spatulas,
cutting board and knives, including a serrated knife
and a sharp chef’s knife for cutting the finished
sandwich. Also a slicer is necessary.
3. Portion control equipment includes scoops for
fillings and a portion scale for other ingredients.
4. Cooking equipment includes griddle, grills,
broilers and deep fryers, microwave ovens are
good for cooking.
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