Mixture is a material system made up ofMixture is a material system made up of
two or more different substances whichtwo or more different substances which
are mixed but are not combinedare mixed but are not combined
A mixture refers to the physicalA mixture refers to the physical
combination of two or more substancescombination of two or more substances
on which the identities are retained andon which the identities are retained and
are mixed in the form of solutions,are mixed in the form of solutions,
suspensions and colloids.suspensions and colloids.
There are two kinds of mixture,There are two kinds of mixture,
Homogeneous and Heterogeneous.Homogeneous and Heterogeneous.
3. Homogeneous andHomogeneous and
Heterogeneous MixtureHeterogeneous Mixture
Homogeneous meansHomogeneous means
“the same throughout”.“the same throughout”.
You cannot see theYou cannot see the
other elements in theother elements in the
Heterogeneous haveHeterogeneous have
particles that can beparticles that can be
seen under aseen under a
Homogeneous mixtureHomogeneous mixture
are called solutions.are called solutions.
It is a homogeneousIt is a homogeneous
It has 1 phase.It has 1 phase.
It is uniform.It is uniform.
It cannot be physicallyIt cannot be physically
separated by filtration.separated by filtration.
It is composed of theIt is composed of the
Solute and the Solvent.Solute and the Solvent.
A solution is often clearA solution is often clear
and transparent.and transparent.
Present inPresent in
small amount.small amount.
It dissolves inIt dissolves in
the solvent.the solvent.
Present inPresent in
large amount.large amount.
It is the oneIt is the one
that dissolvesthat dissolves
the solute.the solute.
It is maximum amount of solute that canIt is maximum amount of solute that can
dissolve in a given amount of solvent at adissolve in a given amount of solvent at a
certain temperature.certain temperature.
It is composed of Saturated, unsaturatedIt is composed of Saturated, unsaturated
and supersaturated.and supersaturated.
7. 3 Kinds of Solutions3 Kinds of Solutions
SaturatedSaturated- a solution holding the- a solution holding the
maximum amount of dissolved solute.maximum amount of dissolved solute.
UnsaturatedUnsaturated- is a chemical solution in- is a chemical solution in
which the solute concentration is lowerwhich the solute concentration is lower
than it’s equilibrium.than it’s equilibrium.
SupersaturatedSupersaturated- is a state of solution that- is a state of solution that
contains more of the dissolved solute.contains more of the dissolved solute.
8. Concentration ofConcentration of
There is a largeThere is a large
amount of dissolveamount of dissolve
solute for a certainsolute for a certain
volume of solvent.volume of solvent.
It has a small amountIt has a small amount
of dissolve solute inof dissolve solute in
comparison to thecomparison to the
amount of solvent.amount of solvent.
9. Calculating Percent byCalculating Percent by
Mass / VolumeMass / Volume
Percent bPercent by mass – mass solute
----------------- *100 %
Percent by volume - volume solute
Solution = Solute + Solvent
10. The End …The End …
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