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BY:DANIEL THOMAS A. BERBERABE
Also called herbalism
traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice
based on the use of plants and plant extracts.
The type of environment (climate, bugs, soil
quality) in which a plant grew will affect its
components, as will how and when it was
harvested and processed.
HOW DO HERBS WORK?
For most herbs, the specific ingredient that
causes a therapeutic effect is not known.
Whole herbs contain many ingredients, and it
is likely that they work together to produce
the desired medicinal effect.
HERBAL MEDICINE VS. MODERN
Used correctly, many herbs are considered
safer than conventional medications, but
because they are unregulated, herbal
products are often mislabeled and may
contain undeclared additives and adulterants.
EXAMPLES OF ADVERSE REACTIONS IN
Bleeding time may be altered with the use of
garlic, ginkgo, feverfew, and ginger, among
Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) may
increase the risk of seizures in patients taking
drug known to lower seizure threshold, such
EXAMPLES OF ADVERSE REACTIONS IN
Valerian may cause oversedation, and in
some people it may even have the
unexpected effect of overstimulating instead
EXAMPLES AND PREPARATIONS
OF HERBAL MEDICINE
Scientific name: Blumea Balsamefera
1. Uses: Anti-edema, Diuretic, anti-urolithiasis
Preparation- Chopped laves are boiled in a
glass of water for 15 minutes. Drink one part
3x a day
Preparation- Same as above and drink one
part every 3 hours
S.N. Cassia, Alata L.
1. Uses: Anti-fungal ( Tinea Flava, ringworm,
athlete’s foot and scabies)
Preparation- Fresh matured leaves are
pounded. Apply soap to the affected area
S.N. Quisqualis indica
1. Uses: Anti-helmetic
Preparation- The seeds are taken 2 hours
after supper. If no worms are expelled, the
dose may be repeated after one week
S.N. Carmona retusa
1. Uses: Stomachache
Preparation- Chopped leaves are boiled in 1
glass of water for 15 minutes. Cool, filter and
S.N. Mamordica charantia
1. Uses: Diabetes Mellitus ( mild non-insulin
dependent), lower blood cholesterol
Preparation- chopped leaves get the juice
(about 6 tablespoons) boiled it in 2 glasses of
water for 15 mins. Take 1/3 cup 3x a day
S.N. Peperonia pellucida
1. Use Lowers uric acid level in rheumatism
Preparation- One and half cup of leaves are
boiled in 2 glasses of water. Drink 1 part 3x a
1. Use in Hypertension-
Preparation- may be fried, soaked in vinegar
for 30 mins or blanched in boiled water for 15
2. Use in toothache
Preparation- Pound a small leaves and apply
to affected areas
S.N. Psidium guajava L
1. use for washing the wounds
Preparation- decoction-boil the leaves for 10 mins.
Water is use to wash the wounds 2-3x a day
2. for diarrhea- may be taken 3-4 x a day
3. mouthwash and to relieve toothache
Preparation- chopped leaves boiled for 15 mins.
Warm decoction is used for gargle. Freshly pounded
leaves are use for toothache
S.N. Mentha cordifelia
1. for pain- ( headache and stomache)
Preparation- chopped leaves are boiled in2
glasses for 15 mins. Drink one part every 3
2. Rheumatism, arthritis and headache
Preparation- Crush leaves and squeeze sap.
Massage sap on painful parts w/ eucalyptus
3. Cough and colds
Preparation- Soak 10 fresh leaves in hot water.
Drink as a tea
4. Swollen gums-
Preparation- Steep 6 g. of fresh leaves in a glass of
boiling water for 30 mins. Use the solution to rinse
Preparation get a sap, put it inside a clean cloth
then insert it to the cavity