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Clinical Studies of Oral and Maxillofacial Manifestation From Population of Karachi Pakistan

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ijoms published, Research Gate

  1. 1. See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284006408 Clinical studies of oral and maxillofacial manifestation in Thalassemia from population of Karachi, Pakistan Article in International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery · October 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.116 CITATIONS 0 READS 10 7 authors, including: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: pattern of Maxillofacial Injuries after Road Traffic accidents in karachi population View project Faisal Hameed Jinnah Sindh Medical University 22 PUBLICATIONS 0 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Faisal Hameed on 28 August 2016. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
  2. 2. e222 E-Poster Presentation Objectives: To document diseases affecting paedriatic popula- tion in Pakistan (the problems and diseases in children differ from adults in presentation, intensity and nature). To develop Paedriatic Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery as a sub- specialty so that better treatment could be provided by specialist as paedriatic population makes about 43.40 [30] percent of Pakistan’s total population. Methods: Study was conducted at oral and maxillofacial surgery clinics of tertiary care teaching facilities. It was a descrip- tive, cross-sectional study which is survey based with study designing, data collection and data analysis duration of 2 years and 6 months. Paediatric population aged 0–17 years was included in the study after diagnosis on basis of clinical and radiographic investigations. Findings and conclusions: Total of 1011 patients were included, showing male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Dental problems were the leading cause of reporting to hospital in the age group 3–17 years most frequently with caries being most common. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.115 Clinical studies of oral and maxillofacial manifestation in Tha- lassemia from population of Karachi, Pakistan S.M. Ali1 , S.M. Haider2,∗ , S.G. Hassan3 , F. Hameed4 , Z. Ali1 , S. Jaffery5 , S. Ahmed1 1 Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan 2 Karachi Medical and Dental College and Abbassi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan 3 Liaquat University of Health Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan 4 Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan 5 Husaini Institute of blood diseases Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan Background: Thalassemia is a worldwide disease. 5–7% of Pakistani population (approx 8–10 million) are carrying genes of this disorder. It causes various abnormalities of different organs of patients. In Pakistan some work on other aspects of Thalassemia were car- ried out but no work on oral and maxillofacial manifestation has been carried out, therefore present study has been under taken. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of oral maxillofacial disorders in Thalassemia patients. Methods: A total 50 Thalassemia-major patient randomly selected, out of them 35 were male and 15 were female between the age group of 6–31 years from the Husaini institute of blood diseases Karachi, Pakistan. Results and findings: The most prominent features included skull bossing seen in 80% of the patients, 90% depressed bridge of the nose, 50% pallor of oral mucosa, 90% intraoral pigmentation and 50% proclination of teeth. 25% splenomegaly, memelons 30% and cardiovascular changes were also commonly seen Conclusions: This study showed that about 90% (45 cases) of all patients under consideration and showed changes in oral and maxillofacial manifestation and result are also confirm the result reported from the other part of the world. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.116 Clinical, social and emotional implications of oral cancer ther- apeutics in Karachi population S.A. Matloob1 , S.M. Haider2,∗ , S. Ahmed1 , F. Hameed2 1 Karachi Medical and Dental College and Abbassi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan 2 Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Background and objectives: Oral cancer patients experience many problems before during and after the course of treatment. The aim of this master thesis is to evaluate the complications that arise after its treatment according to the stage of oral cancer in order to recognize the importance of therapeutic intervention at initial stages. Methods: A total of 101 oral squamous cell carcinoma treated patients selected from the consultant clinics of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and Karachi Medical & Dental College Karachi, to mea- sure the outcomes after treatment of oral cancer, the functional assessment of cancer therapy (FACT H/N version 4) questionnaire in Urdu has been used, FACT-H&N Scoring Guidelines (Version 4) have been followed to score the completed questionnaires and SPSS-16 software is used for description. Findingsandconclusion:Post-operativecomplicationsdonot show any statistically significant difference at (p > 0.05) between oral cancer stage 1 and stage 2. But it has a significant difference between the initial stage (1 and 2) and advanced stage (3 and 4) at (p < 0.05). Conclusions: We concluded that those patients who treated at later stages suffered badly as compared to patients with early stage. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2015.08.117 The dento-osseous distraction method – an innovative tech- nique to manage ankylosed impacted maxillary canine M. Halsnad1,∗ , G. Taylor1 , D. Boyd1 , R. Pilley2 1 Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, UK 2 Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital Crosshouse, Kilmarnock, Scotland, UK Background: The majority of impacted maxillary canines (IMC) are managed with combined surgical and orthodontic extru- sion (CSOE) into dental arch. After an adequate exposure of IMC with unsuccessful CSOE, the treatment options are gen- erally limited to extraction with space closure or implant based restoration with bone grafting. Objectives: Authors aim to demonstrate the technique of a single tooth dento-osseous distraction (STDD) of upper right IMC by using a modified intra oral distractor to manage a failed CSOE case. Methods: A 23-year-old male with failed CSOE for his right IMC was investigated with CT scans and the tooth was found anky- losed. Under general anaesthesia a single tooth osteotomy was done with minimal access and a modified micro-distractor was positioned. After 4 days of latency period the osteotomy segment with canine was successfully distracted with the canine taking up a satisfactory position into maxillary arch in ten days. After the consolidation period the distractor was removed and after comple- tion of fixed orthodontics the canine was found to be stable with good functional and aesthetic result at 1 year follow-up. Conclusions: The STDD technique has been reported for cen- tral incisors1 but its not well-documented option for IMC. From View publication statsView publication stats

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