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Alina Constantin GRUPA 8218

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Alina Constantin GRUPA 8218

  1. 1. 20 JANUARY 2015 Integrated Management of Agricultural Landscapes
  2. 2. Presentation Format  Definition of Integrated landscape Management  Context – Why Integrated Landscape Mgmt.  Types of integrated Landscape Management  Key futures of integrated landscape management  Challenges of integrated landscape management  FAOs work in integrated landscape management.
  3. 3. What is integrated Landscape management The management of production systems and natural resources in an area large enough to produce vital ecosystem services and small enough to be managed by the people using the land and producing those services. (FAO 2013) A landscape approach is:  A large scale - process  Integrated and Multidisciplinary – natural resources, environment and livelihood considerations  Considers human activities and their institutions  Recognizes multi-stakeholder intervention (communities and institutions participate in developing solutions)
  4. 4. Integrated Production System Crop production Livestock Production Aquaculture Bioenergy
  5. 5. Context – Why Integrated Landscape Mgmt. The need to increase agroecological productivity of food systems given:  fixed agricultural space;  increasing pressure on Natural Resources – population growth, Climate Change, unsustainable consumption patterns etc.;  need for long-term agricultural viability, food security and environmental protection;  increasing demand from international and global processes (i.e. RIO+20) for sustainable development (social, economic environmental);  currently, limited consideration of the complex relationship between agriculture and the environment in land resource management  Sectorial approaches with limited social, economic and environmental impacts  top-down management and governance models
  6. 6. Types of integrated Landscape Management Other Names for integrated landscape approach: - eco-agriculture/agroecology, - territorial development, - watershed management, - ecosystem approaches - Coastal zone management - Sustainable forest management - Inland water management - Pastoral/range management - Drylands mamangement/rehabilitation/restoration
  7. 7. Key futures of integrated landscape management  Ecosystem approach – biophysical, social, economic environment etc.;  Advisory (extension, technical assistance) services;  Varying scales of Initiatives e.g. watersheds, lake basins or community territories (26-100km2), and interventions at large scale e.g river basins >10,000km2).  addresses natural resources / environmental management and production quality and quantity.  addresses multi-stakeholder participation, equity; gender and food security.  Rwanda’s Forest landscape Restoration Initiative
  8. 8. Challenges of integrated landscape management population pressure; climate change; market forces;  Governance;  Conflict over access to resources;  Ensuring wider adoption of ILM at landscape scale;  Buy-in by policy and decision makers;  Adequate and sustained communication strategy;  Compliance with the norms by the various actors;
  9. 9. Examples of FAO’s work in integrated landscape management.  Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative;  The global Conservation and Sustainable use of Globally Important Agriculture Heritage Systems (GIAHS) initiative;  Watershed and river basin management – e.g. the integrated management of the Fouta Djallon massif;  Climate Smart Agriculture Initiative;  KageraTransboundary Agro-Ecosystem Management Project;
  10. 10. Alina Constantin Grupa 8218 ThankYou