7. Cronología de la apertura de la información pública 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 12 11 libro verde data.gov: portal USA de open data, que materializa a gran escala los 8 principios de los Datos Públicos Abiertos. Administración Obama: data.gov oGov Data Principles LEY 37/2007 DIRECTIVA 2003/98/CE
8. Cronología de la apertura de la información pública 07 08 09 10 12 11 7/04/2010: se inaugura Open Data Euskadi, el portal de datos abiertos data.gov Decreto 472/2009 data.gov.uk Acuerdo 29/12/2009 Open Data Euskadi LEY 37/2007
37. Departamento de Justicia y Administración Pública Alberto Ortiz de Zárate Director de Atención Ciudadana [email_address] Apertura de Datos Públicos: generando riqueza y transparencia mila esker
Notas del editor
OK, probably I am boring the audience with all of this, talking all the time about ourselves. I apologize. Now I can offer you a piece of debate. The PSI Directive –and the Spanish Law- sets a flexible framework which allows a number of choices. As I said before, some Governments are finding difficult to make real a project of open data. I think there are 4 knots that must be cut in order to go ahead with the releasing of data. The key is “keeping it simple”.
European Directive defines PSI as “documents”. Problems: It misleads. The information theory tells us that the nuclear unit is the data, while the document is a collection of data assembled temporarily for a particular purpose. It is overwhelming . The number of documents possible from the data approaches infinity, and the neccesary work incalculable. It is unclear. PDF documents can not be considered open public information! Our choice: raw datasets, with a high level of disaggregation.
The term &quot;administrative license&quot; implies a request for use of public information, an administrative proceeding and the issuance of a license for a particular use for a given period. This is an absurd bureaucratic complexity, because: Information on the Internet is directly taken, not is requested. If public, I have the right to make use of it. Why limit my access? Our choice: CC-BY license where neccessary
When we think of documents and administrative licenses, we are thinking of a system of public information at the request of stakeholders. This builds: An unsustainable system . Each request would be an onerous administrative burden. Barriers to consumption. It's hard to ask for information we do not know that there is. Our choice: release the information without waiting until is demanded, while listening to the demands to release more information.
The EU directive allows the setting of fees for the use of public information. Again, we are in a paradigm of documents into a demand system. However, when focusing on data in a offer system, the fees are unnecessary and counterproductive. The fees are a major barrier. Reuse decreases exponentially with the price of fees. Even small amounts can be a barrier that discourages most. The data is cheap. If an Administration already offers information on its website, the cost of offering data besides is minimal. The collection costs. The recovery procedures are only sustainable with high rates. Our choice: spend a small budget, release lots of data and let them free.