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Alimony laws in India

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Alimony laws in India

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Alimony laws in India

  1. 1. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Alimony laws in India By Jitya Lakshmi
  2. 2. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com What is alimony • The right to receive and claim maintenance after divorce. • One of the most important rights under divorce and matrimonial laws. • The term 'alimony' has its origin in the Latin word 'Alimonia', meaning sustenance. • the terms maintenance and alimony are interchangeable.
  3. 3. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Purpose of granting alimony • to restrict any unfair financial results of a divorce by providing sustenance to a non- wage-earning or lower-salary-earning spouse. • One spouse may have chosen to forego a career to support the family, and needs time to develop job skills to support themselves. • To help a spouse continue the standard of living they had during marriage.
  4. 4. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Types of alimony • There are two types of alimonies 1. Interim maintenance that is given during the time of court proceedings. 2. Permanent alimony that is awarded by the court to be paid after the legal separation. • Permanent alimony is required to be paid either as a lump sum amount or as a fixed periodic payment.
  5. 5. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Factors considered court while deciding on the amount of alimony. • Earnings of both spouses. • Standard of living during the marriage. • Length of the marriage. • Age, physical condition, emotional state, and financial condition of the former spouses. • Educational or training need of the lessor earning spouse. • Misconduct of spouse.
  6. 6. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Amount of alimony • 25% of the net salary of a husband was held to be a "just and proper" amount. ( as specified in Kalyan Dey Chowdhury vs Rita Dey Chowdhury Nee Nandy case. • Alimony does not constitute child support. Maintenance for children’s needs is to be provided separately by the father. (Kulbhushan kumar case where the court had capped it at 15%) • Lump-sum settlement granted by the court usually ranges from 1/5th to 1/3rd of the husband's net worth and is a one-time settlement.
  7. 7. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Alimony under Hindu laws • Section 25 of Hindu Marriage Act 1955 • Section 18 of Hindu Adoption And Maintenance Act, 1956 • Maintenance can be raised and lowered as per the changes in the husband's salary. • The spouse can petition the court regarding the increase in the income. • The husband can petition the court for orders to stop the alimony if the wife remarries, though he is still supposed to pay a maintenance amount to support children
  8. 8. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Muslim law • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 (MWPRD Act). • Maintenance to be made and paid to her within the iddat period. • Mehr is said to provide financial security to the women in the event of divorce. • In the landmark judgment of Shah bano case court held that Muslim women fall within the purview of Sec. 125 CrPC.
  9. 9. CHENNAI C2-A, Industrial Estate, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032. Tel: +91 - 44 - 22501318, 42107341 BANGALORE Suite 920, Level 9, Raheja Towers, 26-27, M G Road, Bangalore - 560 001. Mob: +918277460648 COIMBATORE #1533, Trichy Road, Coimbatore – 641018. Mob: +919385432921 HYDERABAD Vatika Business Centre, Suite 10,3rd Floor, NSL Icon, Road No. 12,Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034. Mob: +917901691606 COCHIN Suite 49, 8th Floor, Centre A, Alapatt Heritage Building, MG Road, Cochin – 682035 Tel: +91 - 484 - 2366216 EMAIL info@altacit.com WEBSITE www.altacit.com Conclusion • Alimony laws under other religions like Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains are governed by the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. • maintenance can also be claimed through civil laws like the Special Marriage Act 1954, section 125 criminal procedure code, and Common Social Welfare Law which also deals with maintenance. • In case of default of payment of maintenance, the aggrieved party can approach the court.

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