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CONTENTS Equality The myth The reality Types of inequality The struggle for equality in India Government efforts Current scenario Reasons for inequality Progress in recent years People who broke barriers Is India justful ?
Equality the state or quality of being equal correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability. "The craving for equality can express itself either as a desire to pull everyone down to our own level (by belittling them, excluding them, tripping them up) or as a desire to raise ourselves up along with everyone else (by acknowledging them, helping them, and rejoicing in their success)." -Friedrich Nietzsche
The reality Ms Roy criticised Indian society as the most “rotten” in the world with its people failing to fight against injustice. According to a study in India by an Indo-Canadian team of researchers, about 5,00,000 female foetuses have been aborted annually. Income gap between the rich and the poor increasing day by day . Recent survey stated India as the most unsafe place for women. Literacy rate growing by just 1.74% p.a and India is on the 6th rank with 74.4% literacy in 2011. Lower GDP rate . Farmers committing suicide. Taslima Nasreen is not allowed in any Muslim country because of her secular thoughts in a book.
Types of inequalitiesGender IncomeEducationCaste /religionRacismSocialEconomic inequality
Females are considered as the weaker sections. Religious riots are increasing day by dayThe gap between rich and the poor is wideningCaste system still persists in rural areas.Education reservationsIncome gap between males and females
The Struggle for Equality in India JYOTIRAO PHULE and SAVITRIBAI PHULE : female educationLOKMANYA TILAK : GANESH UTSAV to unite Indians.GOPAL KRISHNA GOKHALE : encouraged Indian education.RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY : sati , caste rigidity
Government efforts right to equality Right to equality is an important right provided for in Articles 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the constitution to bring equality in the country. It is the principal foundation of all other rights and liberties, and guarantees the following: Social equality and equal access to public areas: Article 15 of the constitution states that no person shall be discriminated on the basis of caste, colour, language etc. Every person shall have equal access to public places like public parks, museums, wells, bathing Ghats and temples etc. However, the State may make any special provision for women and children. Special provisions may be made for the advancements of any socially or educationally backward class or scheduled castes or scheduled tribes.
Government efforts Equality before law: Article 14 of the constitution guarantees that all citizens shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. Equality in matters of public employment: Article 16 of the constitution lays down that the State cannot discriminate against anyone in the matters of employment. All citizens can apply for government jobs. Abolition of untouchability: Article 17 of the constitution abolishes the practice of untouchability. Practice of untouchability is an offense and anyone doing so is punishable by law. Abolition of Titles: Article 18 of the constitution prohibits the State from conferring any titles. Citizens of India cannot accept titles from a foreign State.[The British government had created an aristocratic class known as Rai and Khan Bahadurs in India — these titles were also abolished.
Reasons for inequality1. Psychology of people2. Universal believe about females3. Lack of education4. Corruption5. Reservation6. Migration7. Inheritance8. Casual behavior of government
Progress in recent years MTP laws have been more strict .Satyamev Jayate has had a great positive impactReservations are reformedEducation is being encouragedCaste inequalities are being eradicatedPoor people are given priorityStandard of living has improved
People who broke the barriers Kiran Bedi Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Sania Mirza Babasaheb Ambedkar Kalpana Chawla
Is India Justful ?? When it comes to equality in India, it is still an idea or a dream to be pursued and not the real fact.There are still many more steps to be taken to actually make it exist in realityIndia cannot progress or succeed unless and until we obtain equality in all aspects or the sectors of economy.