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Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)

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Degree of Comparison (SMT-1)

  1. 1. DEGREE OF COMPARISON (The Comparison of Adjective) PB 2013 Pend. Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni Universitas Negeri Surabaya
  2. 2. Member of Team Diana Esmeralda R.  Annisa Ilma  Nur Halifa  Dewi Alifasari  (132074052) (132074053) (132074054) (132074055)
  3. 3. What is “Degree of Comparison” ? Degree of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
  4. 4. 3 Types of Comparison Positive Degree Comparative Degree Superlative Degree
  5. 5. Forms 1. The comparative forms of one syllable adjectives are formed by adding “er/r” to the positive form, and the superlative forms are formed by adding “est/st”.  “er” and “est” are added to the positive forms which end in two consonants or a consonants that‟s preceded by two vowels. Example : Positive Comparative Superlative tall long poor taller longer poorer tallest longest poorest
  6. 6. “r” and “st” are added to the positive forms which end in “e”. Example :  Positive Comparative Superlative Brave Nice Wise Braver Nicer Wiser Bravest Nicest Wisest The positive forms which end in consonants that‟s preceded by a short vowel, the consonants must be doubled before adding “er/est”. Example :  Positive Comparative Superlative Big Fat hot Bigger Fatter Hotter Biggest Fattest Hottest
  7. 7. The positive forms which end in “y” that‟s preceded by consonants, the “y” must be changed into “i” before adding “er/est”. Example :  Positive Comparative Superlative Dry Easy Greedy Drier Easier Greedier Driest Easiest Greediest The positive forms which end in “y” that‟s preceded by vowel, the “y” musn‟t be changed into “i”. Example :  Positive Comparative Superlative Gay Gray Lay Gayer Grayer Layer Gayest Grayest Layest
  8. 8. 2. The Comparative forms of adjective which have two or more syllables are formed by adding “more” to the positive forms, and the superlative forms are formed by adding “most”. Example : Positive Comparative Superlative beautiful difficult famous more beautiful more difficult more famous most beautiful most difficult most famoust However, two-syllables adjectives which end in „er/ow/le” and some are normally added by “er” and “est to form the comparative and the superlative forms. Example : Positive Comparative Superlative Clever Noble Narrow Cleverer Nobler Narrower Cleverest Noblest Narrowest
  9. 9. 3. Irregular comparative and superlative forms. Positive Comparative Superlative Good Bad Evil ill Far Little Late Many Much Old Better Worse Worse Worse Farther Less Later More More Elder Best Worst Worst Worst Farthest Least Last Most Most eldest
  10. 10. Formula  Positive Degree S+ to be + not + so + adjective (form positive) + as (used in [-] ) + O (statement) S + to be + no less + adjective (form positive) + than + O (statement) Example : - This novel is as good as that one. - This novel is‟nt so good as that one. - This novel is no less good than that one.
  11. 11.  Comparative Degree S + to be + adjective (form comparative) + than + O (statement) Example : - The girl is clever than that boy. - Yuna is taller than Luna. - Dinda is more beautiful than Andi.
  12. 12.  Superlative Degree S + to be + the + adjective (form superlative) + O (statement) Example : - This book is the best of all. - Diana is the tallest girl here. - Mrs. Sherly is the most famous teacher here.
  13. 13. Unique Form Expressions of comparative indicated by “like/alike/the same as/ the same…as” and “different from”. Example : - This jacket is like his jacket. (like = seperti) - They look alike. (alike = serupa ) - Her book is the same as yours. (the same as = sama dengan) - The ruler is the same length as that one. (the same length as = sama panjangnya dengan) - Yours is different from his. (different from = berbeda dari)
  14. 14. Conclusion  Degree of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.  There are 3 types of Degree Comparison : Positive Degree {S + to be + as + adjective (form positive ) + as (used in [+] ) + O (statement) } Comparative Degree {S + to be + adjective (form comparative) + than + O (statement)} Superlative Degree {S + to be + the + adjective (form superlative) + O (statement)} -
  15. 15. Thanks ! WASSALAMUALAIKUM ~^_^

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