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Types of speeches

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Part of a speech class where students learned about the types of speeches.

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Types of speeches

  2. 2. THE INFORMATIVE SPEECHThe purpose of the informative speech is to provide interesting,useful, and unique information to your audience.In general, you will use four major types of informativespeeches. While you can classify informative speeches manyways, the speech you deliver will fit into one of four majorcategories.In this guide, we focus on informative speeches about: Objects Processes Events Concepts
  3. 3. INFORMATIVE SPEECH ABOUT OBJECTSSpeeches about objects focus on things existing in the world.Objects include, among other things, people, places, animals, orproducts.limit your speech to a focused discussion of some aspect of yourtopic.Some example topics for speeches about objects include: theCentral Intelligence Agency, tombstones, surgical lasers, FranklinDelano Roosevelt, the pituitary gland, and lemmings.To focus these topics, you could give a speech about FranklinDelano Roosevelt and efforts to conceal how he suffered frompolio while he was in office. Or, a speech about tombstonescould focus on the creation and original designs of gravemarkers.
  4. 4. SPEECHES ABOUT PROCESSSpeeches about processes focus on patterns of action.One type of speech about processes, the demonstrationspeech, teaches people "how-to" perform a process. Morefrequently, however, you will use process speeches toexplain a process in broader terms. This way, the audienceis more likely to understand the importance or the contextof the process.A speech about how milk is pasteurized would not teachthe audience how to milk cows. Rather, this speech couldhelp audience members understand the process by makingexplicit connections between patterns of action (thepasteurization process) and outcomes (a safe milk supply).
  5. 5. OTHER EXAMPLES ABOUT PROCESS Other examples of speeches about processes include: how the Internet works (not "how to work the Internet"), how to construct a good informative speech, and how to research the job market. As with any speech, be sure to limit your discussion to information you can explain clearly and completely within time constraints.
  6. 6. SPEECHES ABOUT EVENTSSpeeches about events focus on things that happened, arehappening, or will happen.When speaking about an event, remember to relate thetopic to your audience. A speech chronicling history isinformative, but you should adapt the information to youraudience and provide them with some way to use theinformation.As always, limit your focus to those aspects of an eventthat can be adequately discussed within the timelimitations of your assignment.
  7. 7. EXAMPLES OF SPEECHES OF EVENTS Examples of speeches about events include: The 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington, Groundhogs Day, the Battle of the Bulge, the World Series, and the 2000 Presidential Elections.
  8. 8. SPEECHES OF CONCEPTSSpeeches about concepts focus on beliefs, ideas, and theories.While speeches about objects, processes, and events are fairlyconcrete, speeches about concepts are more abstract.Take care to be clear and understandable when creating andpresenting a speech about a concept. When selecting a concept,remember you are crafting an informative speech.Focus your efforts toward providing unbiased information andrefrain from making arguments. Because concepts can be vague and involved, limit your speechto aspects that can be readily explained and understood withinthe time limits.
  9. 9. EXAMPLES OF CONCEPT SPEECHES Some examples of topics for concept speeches include: democracy, Taoism, principles of feminism, the philosophy of non-violent protest, and the Big Bang theory. TAOISM- It’s a Chinese movement. It’s not a doctrine, neither a system of belief, but it’s something closely related to a personal experience. It’s a style of living and a way in which the world is seen.
  10. 10. DEMONSTRATIVE SPEECHESIn a nutshell, a good demonstration speech teaches.The goal is to successfully teach a process or skill.Its a variation of the informative speech with in-built visualaids.The audience, through listening, watching or participating,learns something new.As their guide, you will take them through a process ofshow and tell covering each step from set-up to finish.Think of it as a how-to speech.
  11. 11. if my demonstration speech is on how to tie a tie, then thedesired result is an audience capable of tying their own tiesor at least inspired to try.You will have an introduction in which you tell the audiencewhat it is theyre going to learn, why theyll benefit fromlearning it and why you chose the topic.Next you have the body of the speech. This is thedemonstration itself.Lastly, youll have a conclusion summarizing what it isthats been learned and reinforcing its benefits.
  12. 12. SOME EXAMPLES OF DEMONSTRATIVE SPEECHESExamples of topics easily fitting its requirements are: How to wax a surfboard How to make a pumpkin pie How to fix a puncture in your bike tire
  13. 13. PERSUASIVE SPEECHWhen you deliver a persuasive speech, you want to inspire others to dosomething or take your side on an issue.To deliver a great speech, you must appeal to emotion, ground yourargument in logic and demonstrate your passion for a cause.Construct a speech that is based on logic and facts from authoritativesources.The use of statistics can be particularly essential in building your argument.But dont weigh your speech down with statistics. Too much will bore youraudience.Sprinkle in personal stories and anecdotes that can pull at the audiencesemotions.Prepare three main points that you want the audience to take away fromyour speech
  14. 14. THE SPEECH TO ENTERTAINThe after-dinner speech is a good example of aspeech to entertain.The speaker provides pleasure and enjoyment thatwill make the audience laugh or identify themselveswith anecdotal information.
  15. 15. THE AUDIENCE RESEARCHEvery communication must be in the form and stylethat suits the audience.To analyze the audience, there are some importantfactors to be considered:1. Age factor2. Socio-culture3. Educational background4. Economic background5. Expectation of audience
  16. 16. PARTS OF A SPEECHA speech has three fundamental parts Introduction Main body ConclusionIn fact, composition of the main body determines thenature of the introduction, as well as the conclusion.
  17. 17. LANGUAGE AND STYLEThe style of oral communication is different from thestyle of written communication, in any language .The following tips should be considered by the speaker : Avoid difficult words that can create confusion Avoid using technical terms . Avoid using socially unpleasant words Avoid repeating phrases like; you see, you know...