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H+E, Waste/Stuff 2011

  1. Food Waste
  2. 96,000,000,000 pounds of food disposed of every year in the US Food Politics
  3. “The US wastes 40% of all food produced per year.” food-produced-per-year-how-about-we-stop-doing-that/
  4. “...if you never teach your children to be alone, they can only be lonely.” science/la-sci-sherry-turkle-20110305/2
  5. If you do not teach people how to consume, they will only be consumed.
  6. “Retail Therapy” Sandra Lee-Takei Miriam Olivera
  7. Waste
  8. In nature, there is no waste.
  9. Nature’s Most Amazing Events BBC, 2009
  10. Figure 38.9
  11. Where does it come from? How is it made? How do you use it? How much? How often? How do you think about it? How can you think about it?
  12. Where does it come from? How is it made? Where does it go?
  13. Assignment
  14. For one day or one week, keep (track of) your trash
  15. Kinds of Waste
  16. Industrial Municipal Medical Electronic
  17. Industrial Waste
  18. In the US 7,600,000,000 tons per year (EPA) 13,000,000,000 tons per year (other sources) not including agricultural waste or greenhouse gases and other pollution
  19. modern production is a take-make-waste system
  20. take-make- forsake
  21. Design is the Problem
  22. Municipal Solid Waste
  23. 3 Major Components
  24. Inorganics Food scraps, yard waste and other biodegradables Manufactured products and their packaging
  25. In the US tons 254,000,000 of MSW pounds = 4.6 per person per day in 2007
  26. In part because our stuff is “designed to be wasted.”
  27. Design is the Problem
  28. In the US 74% of our waste was products and packaging in 2005
  29. In the US 150,000,000,000 single-use beverage containers 320,000,000 take-out cups every day
  30. Electronic Waste
  31. Assignment
  32. After Dump, What Happens To Electronic Waste? after-dump-what-happens-to-electronic-waste
  33. In the US 400,000,000 products per year 4,000,000,000 pounds in 2005
  34. In the US 85% in landfills 12.5%shipped overseas] [80% recycled
  35. Top sources/reasons cell phone upgrades Digital TV conversion Software upgrades Battery can’t be changed Cheap printers
  36. Waste Management
  37. “...waste is supported with community services that are more universal, more affordable and more accessible than health care, housing, or education.”
  38. But it’s not supported well.
  39. What happens to trash?
  40. Sesame Street: Keep on Truckin’
  41. Bury it. Burn it. Ship it.
  42. Landfills bad for land, water and air
  43. Leachate
  44. Collection required by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act wastetech/guide/landfills/landfact.cfm
  45. But landfills leak
  46. Methane and other VOCs
  47. Landfill gas about 50% methane made up 23% of methane emissions in 2007
  48. Why methane?
  49. Decomposition in landfills occurs via anaerobic respiration
  50. Anaerobic: C02 to CH4 Aerobic: 02 to H2O
  51. Burn landfill gas for energy?
  52. No! But we already do.
  53. Point-Source Pollution
  54. Pollution from a single, identifiable, localized source
  55. The term "point source" means any discernible, confined and discrete conveyance, including but not limited to any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, or vessel or other floating craft, from which pollutants are or may be discharged. owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  56. Landfills Incinerators Power plants Wastewater treatment facilities Industrial sites Factory farms
  57. Nonpoint-Source Pollution
  58. Nonpoint-Source Pollution
  59. “...generally results from land runoff, precipitation, atmospheric deposition, drainage, seepage or hydrologic modification.” owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  60. “NPS pollution is caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and ground waters.” owow_keep/NPS/whatis.html
  61. Agricultural areas runoff, livestock waste Residential areas streets, parking lots, roads, lawns Mining areas
  62. Compost reduce leachate, eliminate methane
  63. Recycling
  64. Recycling plastics is really downcycling
  65. Rethink Production
  66. Newton Running
  67. Hi Albert, Thanks for your message, and I'm glad to know you're a Newton Runner. We do partner with a non-profit, called One World Running, which is an entirely volunteer-operated organization that collects gently used shoes and distributes them to needy children and adults all around the world. To keep your old shoes out of a landfill, just send them to: One World Running c/o Newton Running Warehouse and Distribution Center 3655 Frontier Ave. Boulder, CO 80301 I hope this helps-- please let me know if you have additional questions or concerns. Take care and run strong.
  68. Simple Shoes Who We Are With all the over-built, over-hyped products out there, it's pretty hard to find sustainable shoes that you can live with. So we started Simple, your stereotypical, anti-stereotype brand offering good shoes and a big dose of reality. About a gazillion pairs later... give or take a few... we've managed to learn a few things. Well, actually a lot of things. And none more important than this: HOW we make our shoes is just as important as WHY we make them. That means finding more sustainable ways of doing business so we can make a gazillion more. Which pretty much is where we are today... at the crossroads of here and now, aware of our responsibility to the planet while trying to pay the bills. The nice little shoe company getting in touch with its inner hippie.
  69. Simple Shoes
  70. Cradle to Cradle Design
  71. Reframing production
  72. biological nutrients biodegradable, organic materials technical nutrients inorganic or synthetic materials
  73. C2C Certification
  74. Product/material transparency and human & environmental health characteristics Product/material reusability Production energy Water use in manufacturing Social fairness
  75. Stop making “monstrous hybrids”
  76. Ford Model U
  77. Ford Model U Soy-based foam in seats Sunflower-seed-based lubricants 100%-recyclable polyester Bioplastic roof Modular manufacturing
  78. with-ford-to-develop-mushroom-based-car-parts/
  79. Rethink Consumption
  81. Rethink Ownership
  83. Collaborative Consumption
  84. weconomy
  85. access over ownership
  86. reconomy
  87. Zero Waste
  88. Preventing waste
  89. Reducing consumption and discards Reusing discards Extended producer responsibility Comprehensive recycling Comprehensive composting Citizen participation Ban incineration Improve product design Effective policies, regulations, incentives, etc.
  90. True Cost
  91. Prices we pay do not reflect the costs inflicted upon people and ecosystems
  92. impacts on human, animal and ecosystem health
  93. $6