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Openness and Equity. How can we reshape Scholarly Communications?

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Openness and Equity. How can we reshape Scholarly Communications?

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Openness and Equity. How can we reshape Scholarly Communications?

  1. 1. How can we reshape Scholarly Communications? Openness and Equity Leslie Chan Centre for Critical Development Studies University of Toronto Scarborough Canada @lesliekwchan @ocsdnet @knowledgegap
  2. 2. Why is Open Scholarship central to the Sustainable Development Goals?
  3. 3. Htttp://bioline.org.br
  4. 4. Research as Vicious Cycles of Extraction Publish or Perish Metrics & Evaluation Rankings Prestige Promotion of Hierarchy, Hypercompetition, Exclusion Production of Anxiety and Suveillance
  5. 5. Research as a Virtuous Circle of Reciprocity Community Building & Epistemic Diversity Publish and Cherish Societal Benefits Inclusive Excellence Redistribution Generation of Well Being and Epistemic Justice
  6. 6. Research as Vicious Cycles of Extraction Publish or Perish Metrics & Evaluation Rankings Prestige Promotion of Hierarchy, Hypercompetition, Exclusion Research as a Virtuous Circle of Reciprocity Community Building & Epistemic Justice Publish and Cherish Societal Benefits Inclusive Excellen ce Redistribut ion Infrastructures are not ideologically neutral. They are political choices.
  7. 7. Posada and Chen 2019, forthcoming. Based on Posada , Alejandro and Chen , George - Inequality in Knowledge Production: The Integration of Academic Infrastructure by Big Publishers https://elpub.episciences.org/4618
  8. 8. “Whether your members are working towards a promotion or are applying for research funding, understanding the impact of their research is an incredibly useful asset. Elsevier has combined and improved upon its CiteAlert and Article Usage Report tools with the creation of My Research Dashboard. Any author who has published at least one article in a journal published by Elsevier can register for a free and personalized dashboard. The data feeding the dashboard comes from Scopus, ScienceDirect, Mendeley, and Newsflo. Elsevier acquired Newsflo, a media monitoring service, in January 2015. Newsflo shows authors where their research is being talked about in the media.” My Research Dashboard shows download activity, shares, citations, demographic data about who is reading your research, and how and where your publications are being discovered. https://www.elsevier.com/books-and-journals/societies/societies-update/issue-4/an-impactful-
  9. 9. http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/wp- content/uploads/2014/11/THE2014_OverallScore_KernelDensityCartogram.jpg
  10. 10. http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/wp- content/uploads/2017/07/THE_WorldUniversityRankings201617_gdpmap.jpg
  11. 11. https://www.elsevier.com/connect/discover-the-data-behind-the-times-higher-education-world-university-rankings
  12. 12. https://www.privateequitywire.co.uk/2019/03/01/273580/inflexion-completes-acquisition-times-higher-education- tpg-capital
  13. 13. https://www.bbc.com/new s/education-49728941
  14. 14. Giulia Forsythe, Associate Director, Centre for Pedagogical Innovation. Brock University, Canada @giuliaforsythe
  15. 15. •The platformitization of knowledge infrastructure by private corporations is antithetical to the epistemic and intellectual diversity that is crucial to the sustainability of our planet. It drives needless growth and amplify inequality.
  16. 16. http://www.theguardian.com/glo bal-development/ng- interactive/2015/jan/19/sustaina ble-development-goals- changing-world-17-steps- interactive
  17. 17. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation End poverty in all its forms everywhere Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  18. 18. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation End poverty in all its forms everywhere Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Open Inclusive Knowledge Infrastructure Poverty of Imagination Epistemic Justice and Rights to Research
  19. 19. Why is Open Scholarship central to the Sustainable Development Goals? Well being of the planet and of the people buen vivir Degrowth Ethics of Care, Solidarity and Cooperation Rights to Research and Development as Freedom
  20. 20. Some building blocks • Scholarship as a process, not products • Openness as praxis, not a fixed set of conditions • Social Infrastructure as the foundation of Knowledge Infrastructure • Infrastructures are not neutral • Design Infrastructure to be generative, not prescriptive • Need to pay attention to invisible barriers
  21. 21. Towards a “Pluriversal” framework •“a world where many worlds fit” •built on the concept of diversity within a whole Earth system, a multiplicity of worlds and peoples coexisting within the Planet •life’s ceaselessness, always flowing, constantly changing owing to interdependence of all aspects of living systems

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