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SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY

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SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY

  1. 1. PROF RAM MEGHE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT, BADNERA A Seminar On SMART GRID TECHNOLOGY Guided by: Presented By: Prof V.R. Gupta Anurag A. Segekar Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering 2015-16 Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering 2015-16
  2. 2. CONTENT • Introduction • Related work • Smart Grid • Working • Components • Features • Comparison • Advantages • Disadvantages • Conclusion • Future scope • References
  3. 3. Introduction •Delivers power from plants to consumers [4] • Manage power, communicate with consumers & use renewable energy sources [4]
  4. 4. Reference no. Author name Work done Parameters Our findings 1 G. M. Shafiullah et.cl., March 2012 Prospects of Renewable Energy—A Feasibility Study in the Australian Context Smart homes, smart appliances Wide spread usage of the smart grid from every business to every home just like the Internet 2 A. Zahedi (November 2011) Developing a System Model for Future Smart Grid Sensors, electricity system Enhance efficiency, reliability, and safety of the existing power grid 3 K.M. Ravi Eswar, Month: April - June 2015 Smart Grid- Future for Electrical Systems Renewable energy, Plug-in electric vehicle Integrate renewable sources with grid Related work
  5. 5. SMART GRID  Integration of electrical, digital, communication & IT technology [1]  Intelligent future electricity system which delivers electricity to consumers using two way transmission technology [2]
  6. 6. WORKING TWO WAY COMMUNICATION  Communication between smart meter & central system [3]  People can generate own power from renewable sources  Send energy back to grid which enhance supply  Minimizes dependence on fossil fuels  Charging of electric cars only when sufficient renewable energy is present
  7. 7. COMPONENTS OF SMART GRID  A Smart grid has two main components: 1. Connectivity Network a. Core Network b. Distribution Networks 2. Access Networks a. Sensing & measurement
  8. 8. CORE NETWORK  Core network handles connectivity between substations & utility’s head office [2]  Technologies used for core network implementation include: a. Wire line technologies b. Fiber optics c. Wireless technologies d. WiMax
  9. 9. DISTRIBUTION NETWORK  Handles broadband connectivity for transmitting data collected by Smart Power Grid concentrators & distribution automation devices[2]  Technologies used are: a. Wire line technologies b. Fiber optics c. Broadband over power lines(BPL) d. Wireless technologies e. WiMax f. GSM
  10. 10. SENSING & MEASUREMENT  Smart meter is used  Electricity usage  Costing  Contribution of CO2 to greenhouse effect
  11. 11. FEATURES OF SMART GRID  Reduce global warming  Repairing & maintenance  Reliability  Security  Socio-economic development  Technology
  12. 12. COMPARISON  Digital in nature  Two side communication  Distributed generation  Sensors are used  Self monitoring  Adaptive & intelligent  Self healing Existing Grid Smart Grid  Electromechanical  One way communication  Centralized generation  Sensors are not used  Manual monitoring  Failures & blackouts  Manual restoration
  13. 13. Before: Today’s grid One way exchange of energy; Information; One rate at all times. After: Smart grid Two way exchange of energy; Information; Smart meter turns backward for Sending power from home to grid
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES  Reduce carbon foot prints  Self healing  Automated control for distribution  Sensing & measurement technologies  Increased efficiency  Self monitoring  Reduction in losses
  15. 15. DISADVANTAGES  Most renewable sources are intermittent  Present infrastructure is inadequate & requires augmentation  Two ways communication fails in some manners
  16. 16. CONCLUSION  It refers to the modernized version of the earlier traditional method of energy supply.  Smart home, smart meter, smart city- overall, a smart system is going to be the reality in recent future.
  17. 17. FUTURE SCOPE  In the near future, will not be any vast development.  Risky because of financial demands and regulations.  In the long-run, attitudes will change, wide spread usage of the smart grid from every business to every home just like the Internet.
  18. 18. Some companies working on Smart grid technology for betterment of future grid on national & international level.
  19. 19. REFERENCES 1. G. M. Shafiullah, A. T. Oo, D. Jarvis, S. Ali and P. Wolfs,“ Prospects of Renewable Energy—A Feasibility Study in the Australian Context,” Journal of Renewable Energy, Elsevier, Vol. 39, No. 1, March 2012. 2. A. Zahedi, “Developing a System Model for Future Smart Grid,” Proceedings in 2011 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT Asia 2011, Perth,13-16 November 2011, pp. 1-5. 3. K.M. Ravi Eswar, “Smart Grid-Future for Electrical Systems”, International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2, pp: (603-612), Month: April - June 2015, ISSN 2348-6988. 4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_grid

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