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Elements of art

  2. 2. The line
  3. 3. B- THE LINE The line is a simple graphics element that we use to make shapes and forms. When a dot moves it leaves a trace that we see as a line. Depending of the movement, lines can be straight, curved, broken, wavy, open, closed, etc One of the most important functions of the line is to assemble shapes in order to create images. To draw a shape, we use contour lines that define objects. We give a shape a sense of volume and depth when we shade it with lines. We can shade dark areas by drawing parallel lines close together or shade lighter areas by spacing the lines further apart.
  4. 4. Types of lines
  5. 5. SOME VOCABULARY ABOUT LINES: Zig Zag or Broken lines: They are formed by fragments of several straight lines with different directions. Wavy line: They are formed by several fragments of curved lines. Curly lines: they hold more curves than wavy lines and show loops. Scribble: Chaotic or meaningless lines that are traced randomly, ususally in first stages of chilhood or to fill in some area with a particular texture. Hatching: It is a way of shading or giving tones to the areas of objects or surfaces with parallel lines. Cross-Hatching: It is a way of shadding areas of a drawing or surfaces with parallel lines in several directions. Dashed (or do ed) lines:They are lines which are not continous, formed by little traces or dots. Blurred: They are very soft or vanished so they are hard to see and opposite to intense and deep. Simple Lines: Those that are formed by one only line. Composite lines: They are lines composed by fragments of several straight or curved lines.
  6. 6. EXPRESSIVENESS OF LINES Vertical lines expressiveness: They express an ascendent or descendent movement, depending on how they are used.
  7. 7. Horizontal lines expressiveness: They produce visual feeling of stability and calmness or tranquility, but they can be monotone if they are used too much.
  8. 8. Skew lines expressiveness: They produce unsteadiness and movement feelings. These feelings give inclined lines the sensation of dynamism.
  9. 9. ARTISTS AND MOVEMENTS THAT USE LINES: What kind of lines use these artists?
  10. 10. Goya
  11. 11. Schiele
  12. 12. Klimt
  13. 13. Picasso
  14. 14. Matisse
  15. 15. TEXTURE
  16. 16. • The texture is the visual and tactile quality of the all surfaces around us. Surfaces are made of different materials and each one of them can be smooth, rough, hard, so , etc.
  17. 17. Natural and artificial texture There are many examples of beautiful texture in nature: orange peel, tree bark, the surface of certain rocks and stones, etc. which can help us recognize their form and use.
  18. 18. Unlike natural texture, artificial textures are created and designed by human being of a specific purpose (functional, aesthetic...) to give a sense of volume.
  19. 19. Visual textures
  20. 20. Artistic texture Artistic textures are the special qualities that artist give to the surface of their art work. Painters like Vincent van Gogh, Gustav klimt, use very interesting artistic textures to bring out beauty and expressiveness using different techniques.
  21. 21. Shape
  22. 22. SHAPES SHAPE can be defined as the extern appearance of the bodies (objects, animals or human beings). Each form is determined by different qualities: color, texture, size and their position in the space.
  23. 23. Outline: It is the line enclosing the shape of an object in a drawing or image. In art . it is sometimes called contour. Silhouette: It is a shape filled up with a solid color, just like a shade. Infill: The inner part of a shape. It is usually formed by lines, dots, colors and textures.
  24. 24. KIND OF SHAPES According to their origin •Naturals are those which have not been made them by men, like owers, animals,... •Artificials are those which have been made by men, like a chair, a table,...
  25. 25. According to their structure •Organics are those which have an irregular surface and profile.
  26. 26. •Geometric are those related with mathematics (square, rectangle, circle,...)
  27. 27. •Flat shapes only have two dimensions.
  28. 28. •Volumetric. Their appearance represent three dimensions. For example a ball, a sculpture,..
  29. 29. MORE ABOUT SILHOUETTES • Chinese hands shadowing is a very ancient way to represent mostly animals. Tam Gram is an ancient Chinese game which consist in silhoutt es searching or guessing from some polygons that form a full square silhouette or combined differently infinite shapes. Some street artist use stencils to achieve their paints, Stencil is a pefect technique to represent any kind of silhouettes.
  30. 30. Stencil. Banksy
  31. 31. The trafic (or any kind)of signs which need to comunicate any information usually use silhouettes to represent the idea they need to show.
  33. 33. Sketched image or sketch: Consists on the first aproach to depicting an image. They ususally don’t show any color, and they used a simple outline drawing with basic figures composing the image.
  34. 34. • Image distortion: The author of this kind of drawings or paints represents the image distorting the original model or image, That is changing its proportions or showing the figures somehow moved.
  35. 35. WAY OF INTERPRETING ART According to different ways to see art, artists represent forms in their own manner, creating many artistic styles. We can summarize them in three groups. Realism. When an image represents real objects or scenes with a high level of detail almost photographic.
  36. 36. Figuration. When an image represents real objects or scenes. These can be represented with different levels of iconicity.
  37. 37. Abstraction. When the forms of the image are not related with real forms and we cannot recognize them.