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A PRESENTATION ABOUT
Shah Mohammad Atikul Haque
Department of Urban and Regional Planning
DEFINITION AND CONCEPT
Population: Population can be defined in many
The people who inhabit a territory or state;
A group of organisms of the same species inhabiting a given
Population is about people, and the dwellings, locations and
environments that people live in.
From the view point of Statistics, population is
The entire aggregation of items from which samples can be
drawn the number of inhabitants (either the total number or
the number of a particular race or class) in a given place
(country or city etc…)
It is not only the study of population but it is meant for
the population awareness and population
consciousness of the bad effects of population growth
and its remedial measures.
It is the education about population growth and its
It is the education about population matter like fertility,
mortality and migration and its remedial measures to
check the rapid growth of population.
It aims at the growth of the qualitative life of the people.
Aspects of Population Studies : Under population studies
three main aspects are covered namely, size, composition
and distribution of population:
1.Size:In size that aspect of the study is taken which deals with
such problems as to how many people live in a given
population group, what changes are taking place in the
size of the group and how these changes are affected. It
also aims at finding out how many people live in a given
place at a given point of time . But this can be accurately
found out by clearly defining the term ‘place’, ‘ person’ and
2.Composition:After size comes composition, in population
study. In it are covered all the measurable characteristics
of the people who form a given
Population. The composition of two groups can differ when one
of the groups has larger or smaller proportion of persons
with a given characteristic.
3.Distributiion:After size and composition then comes
distribution of population. Population distribution study is
concerned with such matters as to how are the people
distributed and what is the nature of changes in population
Advantages of Population Studies : There are many
advantages of Population Studies. These are-
(a)Political: In the political field on the basis of demographic
studies concerned political leadership and authorities come
to know about the rate at which number of voters, male and
female, is increasing, how the generation gap is gradually
influencing national and international politics.
(b)Economic: The importance of study that population in the
economic field is immenses. It is with the help of population
studies that the nation comes to know how far the rate of
population growth is keeping pace with
that of economic development and in case are not keeping
pace with each other, how to adjust these so that economic
problems do not seriously threat the nation.
(c)Planning: Most of the advanced countries are now
accepting the concept of planned development. Thus
planning of resources has become an unavoidable process .
It is accepted that limited human and natural resources
must be utilised in a planned manner in the best interest of
the society. But no
Planning can be a success unless the planners are aware of
the population growth rates and the areas in which
population is much more rapidly growing than the others.
(d)Social: Population study is very much advantageous in the
social field as well. It is here that the society comes to know
what basic social needs are unavoidable for the growing
population. It is population studies which can help in finding
out extra electricity, roads ,water, housing, schools, hospital
and other similar needs of the society on the one hand and
shopping centres , hygenic, facilities etc.
(e)Advantages to Administrators: Administrators find
population studies immensely useful. It is with the help of
these studies that they are in a position to understand where
there should be more and where less stress on
administration. In fact, whole administrative machinery
moves keeping in view growth of population. An
administrator, whether in the social, economic, or political
field will always have the growth or decline of population in
view for smooth running of administration.
(f)Essential for Checking Regional Imbalances: Population
study is essential for finding out population migration trends
which result in creating regional imbalances, particularly
when due to one reason of the
other there is mass migration. This trend is quite visible these
days because the educated people and landless labour is
migrating from rural to the urban areas and from one region
to the other. Many serious law and order problems arise
because of it and even some regions become more
advanced industrially than the other, thus creating industrial
backwardness in some parts of the country. It is because of
regional imbalances that demand for more autonomy is
made and in the process agitational approach is adopted by
some aggressive leaders who try to exploit regional
sentiments of the people.