To make the best use of information technology, educational institutions need a workable plan to fully integrate it into all aspects of the curriculum so students are taught how, why, and when to use technology. How technology is utilized in the curriculum and managed by teachers will have an important role to play in widening the resource and knowledge base for all students.
Previously, the use of ICT was limited to private sector education only but it is no longer restricted to private sector education owing to the government efforts. The Government of Bangladesh in an effort to harness the power of ICT formulated its National ICT Policy in year 2002. To implement its policies, the government of Bangladesh has sought the help of UNDP and USAID to use its access to information (a2i) program for the development of the education sector. Access to information (a2i) program aims to make teaching and learning more effective and enjoyable for both students and teachers using ICTs. The most remarkable transformation was empowerment of teachers who were trained to create multimedia content independently, rather than depending on curriculum and multimedia experts. The government soon sought a2i’s support to design a USD 40 million educational transformation program to establish MMCs in over 23,000 secondary schools, madrassas and junior colleges and train nearly 70,000 teachers by 2014.
To better understand how information systems are used in educational institutes, three cases were analyzed. In Adamjee Cantonment College, almost all the aspects of the college are currently under single information system software that ensures all the aspects of the college is going as per schedule. The college makes apt use of biometric identification, communication through text messages and intends to make us of OMR reader, E-payment service and attendance management systems. In the e-learning site Shikkok.com, online tutorials are provided to facilitate free online education and high-quality courses in Bengali language to rural and disadvantaged students in Bangladesh and India. Onnorokom Pathshala, another case considered, is trying to come up with an android app to cater to the mobile internet market. So far they are providing their services through their Youtube channel.