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Cigar

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Cigar

  1. 1. HISTORYHISTORY • In 1492 Christopher Columbus introduced cigars to the society. • Expedition set out from Spain reached America, found natives smoking tobacco bundled in palm leaf or corn leaf. • Cigar is derived from Mayan word ‘Si’kar’ which means to smoke.
  2. 2. HISTORYHISTORY • Si’kar led to Spanish word ‘Cigarro’ and finally English word cigar. • It was promoted by Christopher Columbus for its medicinal values. • Best cigars come from Cuba.
  3. 3. REGIONS IN CUBAREGIONS IN CUBA • Best cigars are produced from the following regions of Cuba: – Vuelta Abajo – Partidios – Remidios – Oriente
  4. 4. CLIMATIC CONDITIONSCLIMATIC CONDITIONS • Tropical. • Humidity. • Soil – red soil, well drained and and fertile. • Average temperature 30ºC.
  5. 5. TOBACCOTOBACCO • Cigar is made from tobacco leaves. • Generic name of tobacco is Nicotina which are of two verities: • Nicotina Rustica – Europe, Russia, Turkey. • Nicotina Tobaccum – South America, Cuba.
  6. 6. TOBACCOTOBACCO • Seeds are germinated in frames or seed beds. • Transferred to fields when 5-6 inches tall. • Harvested after 3 months when 6 ft tall. • Harvested by two ways : Priming and Stalking.
  7. 7. MANUFACTUREMANUFACTURE • Leaves are hung in the warehouses from a pole. Warm air is circulated to dry the leaves for 4-5 days. • Leaves are segregated as per size and colour.
  8. 8. MANUFACTUREMANUFACTURE • Leaves are then put in heaps and allowed to dry. • Due to uneven drying leaves start rotting and thereby starts fermenting. • Leaves are thereafter matured in warehouses for 5 months.
  9. 9. COMPOSITION OF CIGARCOMPOSITION OF CIGAR • Cigar consists of three main parts: – Filler. – Binder. – Wrapper.
  10. 10. FILLERFILLER • Filler makes the heart of the cigar and gives it a bulk. It is also called the ‘first.’ • Filler can be of two types: – Short filler – cut leaves. – Long filler- long leaves. • The veins of the leaf is removed. • 2-3 leaves are bound together to form the core.
  11. 11. BINDERBINDER • Binder tobacco leaf that holds the filler in place. Also called the ‘second’. • Longer leaves of the plant is used. • Has to be of good tensile strength and elasticity.
  12. 12. WRAPPERWRAPPER • Wrapper outer most layer of cigar it determines the shape of cigar and also plays an important role in final taste of the cigar. Also called the ‘third.’ • Best leaves are used.Has to have good even colour. • Tip of the leaf is broken, vein is removed and binder is wrapped. • Stuck at the end with vegetable gum.
  13. 13. CLASSIFICATIONCLASSIFICATION • Cigars are classified by its brand, colour, shape and size. COLOURCOLOUR • Blonde / Claro/ CCC - Pale/ Light golden brown • Colorado Claro/ CC - Medium Brown • Colorado - Reddish brown • Maduro - Rich dark brown • Oscuro - Black • Candella - Greenish Yellow
  14. 14. SIZESIZE • Size of the cigar is judged by its length and diameter. • Various sizes of cigars: – Petite Panatelas 4.5 - 5.0 – Petite Carona 4.0 - 5.5 – Petite Lonsdale 4.75 – 5.0 – Robustos 4.5 – 6.0 – Corona 5.0- 6.75 – Panatelas 4.5 – 7.5
  15. 15. SIZESIZE – Lonsdale 6.0 – 6.75 – Gran Panatelas 6.75 – 7.5 – Gigante Carona 7.0 - 7.5 – Corona Carona 6.75 – 8.50 – Churchill 6.25 – 8.0 – Presidentes 7.0 - 8.5 – Gigantes 7.5 – 10
  16. 16. SHAPESHAPE • Cigars have two kinds of shape: – Pressed Cigars – Are square in shape. – Un pressed cigars – Are torpedo in shape.
  17. 17. PACKAGINGPACKAGING
  18. 18. PACKAGINGPACKAGING • Cigars are wrapped in cellophane and packed in cigar boxes, made of cedar wood. • Between 20-50 cigars are packed in one box. • Cigars that are not wrapped in cellophane are called ‘cabinet selection cigar’. • Cigars are also packaged in aluminum tubes.
  19. 19. STORAGESTORAGE
  20. 20. STORAGESTORAGE • Shelf life of a well kept cigar can be as long as 8- 10 years. • Ideal temperature of storage should be 18-20ºC • Humidity should be 65-70% • Always stored n Humidors made of Cedar wood or Rose wood.
  21. 21. AUTHENTIC CUBAN CIGARAUTHENTIC CUBAN CIGAR • Government Seal • “Habanos s.a.” printed at the bottom of the box. • “Hecho En Cuba” – Made in Cuba
  22. 22. ACCESSORIESACCESSORIES
  23. 23. CIGAR SMOKINGCIGAR SMOKING • Cut cigar half way through the cap with a scissor or guillotine cutter. • Tap the cigar to remove tar or nicotine. • Cigar should be lit with a Long match stick, should be odorless. • Do not offer to light guests cigar, unless asked to.
  24. 24. CIGAR SMOKINGCIGAR SMOKING • Rotate cigar on the flame. • Cigar smoking should not be rushed. • Ash on the cigar is not tapped off. • Never remove or discard cigar left half smoked by guests.
  25. 25. SERVICE OF CIGARSERVICE OF CIGAR
  26. 26. SERVICE OF CIGARSERVICE OF CIGAR • Service performed by a person with an assistant with him. • Cigar menu is presented to guest. Cigar on the list is pointed out in the humidor for the guest to choose. • Upon selection, the ash tray along with match box is left on the table. • Cigar cutter is offered.
  27. 27. BRAND IN OBEROI HOTELSBRAND IN OBEROI HOTELS • Monte Cristo • Romeo y Julieta • Davidoff • Hoyo De Monterrey
  28. 28. BRAND IN OBEROI HOTELSBRAND IN OBEROI HOTELS • Cohiba • H. Upmann • Punch • Partagas
  29. 29. TOP SELLING BRANDS INTOP SELLING BRANDS IN THE WORLDTHE WORLD •Macanudo •Punch •Hoyo de Monterrey •La Glorian Cubana •Partagas •Baccarat

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