• Who are the audience?
• What points do I want to get across?
• How much time have I got?
• What visual aids are available? Powerpoint projector?
flip chart? Don't necessarily use these. Sometimes the
best presentations are the most informal.
• Welcome the audience.
• Say what your presentation will be about: the aims and
• The introduction should catch the attention.
In five minutes you will only have time for two or three
main points and allow everything else to support these.
List your main headings and any key phrases you will
Don't try to say pack too much content in or you will talk
non- stop trying to get all your content and the audience
will switch off with information overload long before the
Use graphics or anecdotes to add variety
Briefly summarise your main points.
Answer any questions.
Thank the audience for listening. Look at the audience
again, smile and slow down.
The end should be on a strong or positive note
Dress smartly: don't let your appearance
distract from what you are saying.
The most important principle is to match your
appearance to the occasion and the audience. If
you’re giving a presentation to a class, dressing
slightly more formally than you do every day
is fine. However, when you have an audience
of professionals, you should dress up with a
jacket, suit, or office wear. Don’t dress as if
you’re headed to a wedding or a nightclub
MEN DRESSING WOMEN DRESSING
1. Dress slightly more
formally than you
anticipate your audience
2. Your tie should be
3. Clean shoes
4. Bring a backup tie or coat
in case something goes
1. Go for business casual
rather than cocktail party
2. Understated makeup
3. Low heels (or flats if heels
4. Stay away from noisy or
• Speak clearly, firmly and confidently as this makes
you sound in control.
• Don't speak too quickly
• You are likely to speed up and raise the pitch of your
voice when nervous.
• Give the audience time to absorb each point. Don't
talk in a monotone the whole time. If you think
people at the back can't hear, ask them.
• Eye contact is crucial to holding the attention of your
• Walk around a little and gesture with your hands.
• You could try to involve your audience by asking them a
• Smile. Don't hunch up and shuffle your feet. Have an
upright posture. Try to appear confident and enthusiastic
It's normal to be a little nervous. This is a
good thing as it will make you more energised.
Many people have a fear of speaking in public.
Practising will make sure that you are not too
anxious. In your mind, visualise yourself
giving a confident successful performance.
Take a few deep slow breaths before your talk
starts and make a conscious effort to speak
slowly and clearly
•Beginning of a whole new interactive
•Opportunity to make a point
•Most presentations are won or lost here
Rule- Never argue with member of audience
Look at the questioner.
Remain neutral and attentive.
Listen to the whole question.
Pause before you respond.
Address the questioner, then move your eyes to
“Make sure you have finished
speaking before your audience
has finished listening.”
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