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C0.6: GEO and WOA: A Call for Collaboration - David Halpern

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C0.6: GEO and WOA: A Call for Collaboration - David Halpern

  1. 1. 1 GEO and WOA: A Call for Collaboration © 2015 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged. David Halpern+ NASA/California Institute of Technology Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena, California, USA Contents •  WOA •  GEO Blue Planet Task (GEO SB-01 Oceans and Society) •  GEO-WOA Collaboration + US Representative to United Nations World Ocean Assessment Bureau + NASA Representative to US Interagency Working Group on WOA + Past Co-chair, GEO Science and Technology Committee + Co-chair, GEO Data Sharing Working Group + Co-chair, GEO Data Management Principles Task Force + Chair, COSPAR Task Group on GEO
  2. 2. 2 WOA and GEO: A Call for Collaboration •  GEO Ministerial Declaration (17 January 2015, Geneva) Ø  “Integrating Observations to Sustain our Planet” Ø  “We, the Ministers and Participants, … welcome additional participants, in particular UN Organizations and Programs, to join GEO and seek to build stronger relations” •  Vision of GEO-WOA Collaboration Ø  WOA assesses all aspects of the global ocean o  requires standardized global ocean data products Ø  GEO coordinates marine activities o  develops standardized global ocean data products •  GEO and WOA Common Principles Ø  Promotion of scientific excellence Ø  Linkages with policymakers and other users 7/16/14 5:39 PMeos1_large.jpg 800×362 pixels Page 1 of 1http://ec.europa.eu/research/environment/cf_includes/geo/images/eos1_large.jpg Background 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development promoted coordination of Earth observations First Earth Observation Ministerial Summit US Department of State 31 July 2003
  3. 3. 3 Global Environmental Assessments Measure Changes, Advance Knowledge, Predict Future World Ocean Assessment 2015
  4. 4. 4 2 www.worldoceanassessment.org Introduction 2 www.worldoceanassessment.org Introduction www.worldoceanassessment.org 2 www.worldoceanassessment.org Introduction www.worldoceanassessment.org UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
  5. 5. 5 •  No system exists to assess conditions of marine environment, including socioeconomic aspects http://www.mos.org/oceans/planet/index.html Ø  50% of ocean beyond national jurisdictions has governance through international treaties based on themes (climate change, fisheries, pollution, biodiversity Ø  WOA is conducted under the United Nations General Assembly o  Promoted by 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD promoted coordinated Earth observations 2003 Earth Obs. Summit ) o  WOA-I has more than 50 chapters o  Final report is peer reviewed o  WOA-I completion date is summer 2015 – identification of baselines o  Regular cycle of WOAs will identify trends o  Enable appropriate responses by States, Regional Organizations, etc. o  Ecosystem approach as framework for fully integrated assessment o  Oceans as part of the integrated global Earth system WOA Oceans Under Permanent Review
  6. 6. 6 Outline for First WOA Report (1) •  Part I: Technical summary •  Part II: Introduction Ø  Mandate, information sources, methods Ø  Humans-ocean interactions •  Part III: Assessment of Marine Environment Ø  Oceanic role in hydrological cycle Ø  Air-sea interaction Ø  Primary production, nutrient cycling and plankton •  Part IV: Food Security and Food Safety Ø  Ocean and seas as food sources Ø  Aquaculture and fish stock propagation Ø  Seaweeds and other sea-based food Ø  Social and economic aspects of fisheries •  Part V: Human Activities and Marine Environment Ø  Shipping Ø  Ports Ø  Submarine cables and pipelines Ø  Coastal, riverine and atmospheric inputs from land
  7. 7. 7 Ø  Offshore hydrocarbons and other marine energy industries Ø  Offshore mining Ø  Solid waste disposal Ø  Marine debris Ø  Land-sea erosion and sedimentation Ø  Tourism and recreation Ø  Desalinization Ø  Marine genetic resources Ø  Impact of defence activities on marine environment Ø  Marine scientific research •  Part VI: Marine Biological Diversity Ø  Status and trends of biodiversity for species and habitat Ø  Ecologically and biologically sensitive areas Ø  Vulnerable ecosystems Ø  Mangroves, salt marsh, and other macro-vegetations Ø  Regulatory approaches to conservation Ø  Coral and other biogenic reefs Ø  Seagrass and eelgrass beds Ø  Kelp forests Ø  Seamounts, deep-sea banks and plateaus Outline for First WOA Report (2) Ø  Hydrothermal vents Ø  Other migratory species Ø  Other species threatened Ø  Other habitats threatened
  8. 8. 8 GEO Task SB-01 Oceans and Society: Blue Planet Terms of Reference •  Provide sustained ocean observations and information to underpin the development of global-change adaptation measures (e.g., vulnerability of coastal zones, sea-level rise, and ocean acidification) •  Improve global coverage and data accuracy of coastal and open-ocean observing systems •  Coordinate & promote the gathering and processing of ocean observations •  Develop a global operational ocean forecasting network •  Establish a global ocean information system by making available observations and information on a routine basis •  Provide advanced training in ocean observations, especially for developing countries •  Raise awareness of biodiversity issues in the ocean GEOSS Strategic Targets Climate Ecosystems Agriculture Biodiversity essential Monitoring pH, Observations for Sustained climate variables pCO2, etc. fisheries & aquaculture observations GEO 2012-2015 Work Plan: Annual Update, 27 November 2014
  9. 9. 9 WOA and GEO: A Call for Collaboration Way Forward •  Strategy Ø  Establish GEO and WOA joint strategic plan for activities of mutual benefit •  GEO Secretariat Ø  Coordinate ocean-related GEO Participating Organizations (CEOS, CGMS, COSPAR, FAO, GBIF, GCOS, GOOS, ICSU, IOC, POGO, WCRP, WMO, etc.) Ø  GEO POs design and publish global, regional, and sub-regional ocean data products to be made by GEO Members on a voluntary basis, similar to WCRP activities (e.g., intercomparison of model- generated analyses) •  GEO-WOA Partnership Benefits Ø  GEO: Utilize WOA Regular Assessments to sustain a global integrated marine observing system for fish to food, for healthy waters to tourism, for climatic trends to infrastructure development, etc. Ø  WOA: Utilize GEO coordinated observation-based data products for integrated marine assessment 5/24/15 8:53 PMdifferent way.jpg 921×521 pixels Page 1 of 1http://www.yourwayforward.co.uk/assets/different%20way.jpg http://www.yourwayforward.co.uk
  10. 10. 10 http://theaposition.com/robertfagan/wp-content/uploads/sites/33/2013/04/QuestionsPic.jpg 10/7/14 11:26 AMQuestionsPic.jpg 252×314 pixels Thank you 13 Modified from http://www.yourwayforward.co.uk GEO and WOA swimming together

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