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Prefix & Suffix

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Prefix & Suffix

  1. 1. •Prefixes are letters that are added to the beginning of a word.
  2. 2. For example preschool • The prefix is pre-• The prefix pre means “before” so the word preschool means “before school”
  3. 3. A prefixchanges the meaning of a word.
  4. 4. Prefix Root Word New Word im- polite impolite (not) (not polite) in- complete incomplete (not) (not complete) bi- cycle bicycle (two) (two wheels) non- stop nonstop (not) (without stopping) dis- agree disagree(not or opposite of) (not agreeing) re- use reuse (again) (to use again)
  5. 5. •Suffixes areletters added to the end of a word.
  6. 6. •A suffix also changes themeaning of a word.
  7. 7. For example careless • The suffix is –less• The suffix –less meanswithout so the word careless means “without care”
  8. 8. Root Word Suffix New Word home -less homeless (without) (without a home) cheer -ful cheerful (full of) (full of cheer)shyness -ness shyness (state or quality) (condition of being shy)
  9. 9. Root Word Suffix New Word farm -er farmer (someone who) (someone who farms) act -or actor (someone who) (someone who acts) -able bendable bend (can be) (can be bent) -ible reversible reverse (can be) (can be reversed)
  10. 10. Root Words• A root word is a real word.• We make new words from root words by adding prefixes and suffixes.
  11. 11. • Sometimes the root word is also called the base word(That is a USEful piece of information!!)
  12. 12. For example• In the word unhappythe root word is happy• In the word eventfulthe root word is event
  13. 13. What’s the root word? • wildly • beautiful • sleepily • uncomfortable • incomplete
  14. 14. What’s the root word?• wildly • wild• beautiful • beauty• sleepily • sleepy• uncomfortable • comfortable• incomplete • complete
  15. 15. Can you think ofany words with prefixes and suffixes?
  16. 16. Practice Makes Perfect!!•••• str=vocabulary&num=1&act=4&que=1•